This section aims to give an overview on the Nature Conservation Policy in Hong Kong. For more information, please visit New Nature Conservation Policy, Nature Conservation, Country and Marine Parks, Protection of Endangered Species.
Nature Conservation Policy Statement
Our nature conservation policy is to regulate, protect and manage natural resources that are important for the conservation of biological diversity of Hong Kong in a sustainable manner, taking into account social and economic considerations, for the benefit and enjoyment of the present and future generations of the community.
Outlook of the Natural Heritage In Hong Kong
We have so far designated 24 Country Parks, 22 Special Areas with a total area of about 44 239 hectares, and four Marine Parks and one Marine Reserve. About another 6 600 hectares of Hong Kong's land are subject to stringent planning and development controls under conservation zonings on statutory town plans including Site of Special Scientific Interest, Conservation Area and Coastal Protection Area (CPA). In total, about 43% of Hong Kong's land area is under statutory protection. Establishment of these protected areas and other conservation efforts (including implementation of conservation plans for specific species) have contributed to the maintenance of a rich biodiversity in Hong Kong. Hong Kong compares favourably with many other places with similar economic development in terms of both the share of protected areas and biodiversity.
Latest Development in Nature Conservation
We have conducted a review and a public consultation exercise on the nature conservation policy in 2003. Taking into account the comments received during the public consultation, we announced a new nature conservation policy together with an implementation plan on 11 November 2004. For more details, please visit New Nature Conservation Policy.
Two schemes have been introduced under the New Nature Conservation Policy, namely the Management Agreement (MA) Scheme and the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Scheme.
Management Agreement (MA) Scheme
Encouraged by the fruitful results of MA project, the Environment and Conservation Fund (ECF) continues to offer financial support to promote various MA Projects run by non-governmental organisations. ECF is currently supporting three MA Projects located at Fung Yuen, Long Valley and at Ramsar Site and Deep Bay Wetland outside Ramsar Site.
Two ongoing MA projects at Fung Yuen and Long Valley have successfully increased the abundance and diversity of butterfly and wildlife. The total number of bird species recorded in Long Valley has increased substantially from 221 in 2005 to 275 in 2012. For the Fung Yuen MA project, there has been an impressive increase in the diversity of butterfly species with species number increased from 162 in 2005 to over 213 in early 2012. In addition to direct benefit to species, the MA Projects have also enhanced the public's knowledge and awareness of nature conservation through a series of educational activities to encourage the public's participation in the projects.
A new MA Project covering fishponds at Ramsar Site and Deep Bay Wetland outside Ramsar Site was launched by an NGO in January 2012. The project not only restores and enhances the conservation value of fishponds in the Northwest New Territories , but also strengthens their role as important supplementary feeding habitats for wild birds.
In June 2011, the ECF Committee supported the extension of the MA Scheme to cover Country Park enclaves as well as private land within Country Parks in order to further enhance the conservation of Country Parks.
Interested parties can download the "Guide to Application" and "Application Form" here.
Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Pilot Scheme
Under the PPP Pilot Scheme, we received a total of six applications, which involved land located at Sha Lo Tung, Tai Ho, Mui Tsz Lam & Mau Ping, Wu Kau Tang, Yung Shue O and Tin Fook Wai. Subsequently, the proponent of the Tin Fook Wai project withdrew its application.
In assessing the PPP proposals, due consideration had been given to the net benefits of the proposals in enhancing conservation of the site, possible adverse environmental impacts arising from the proposed developments, the sustainability of the proposals and the long-term commitment of the proponent, etc. In April 2008, the Government consulted the Advisory Council on the Environment and supported the Sha Lo Tung project from the conservation angle.