Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance (Cap. 499), Section 5 (7)
Environmental Impact Assessment Study Brief No. ESB- 068/2001
Project Title : Tung Chung - Ngong Ping Cable Car Project
(hereinafter known as the "Project")
Name of Applicant : Hong Kong Island & Islands
Development Office, Territory Development Department
(hereinafter known as the "Applicant")
1.1 An application (No. ESB-068/2001) for an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study brief under section 5(1) of the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance (EIAO) was submitted by the Applicant on 28.2.2001with a project profile (No. PP-119/2001) (the Project Profile).
1.2 The Project Profile proposed to construct and operate a cable car system between Tung Chung Town centre and Ngong Ping on Lantau Island (the Project). The development of the cable car system aims to further develop Ngong Ping as a major tourist attraction in Hong Kong.
1.3 The Project will include the followings:
- construction of a cable car system of about 5.7km long between Tung Chung and Ngong Ping;
- construction of associated pylons and other support structures, and ancillary works;
- construction of two terminals, one at Tung Chung and the other at Ngong Ping; and
- construction of associated intermediate station, turning station(s) and other associated infrastructures.
The location of the preliminary preferred alignment is shown on Drawing No. HKI-Z180 in the Project Profile. The indicative location of the Tung Chung terminal, Airport Intermediate terminal and the Ngong Ping terminal are shown on Drawings No. HKI-Z181, HKI-Z182, HKI-Z183 in the Project Profile.
1.4 Pursuant to section 5(7)(a) of the EIAO, the Director of Environmental Protection (the Director) issues this EIA study brief to the Applicant to carry out an EIA study for the Project.
1.5 The purpose of the EIA study is to provide information on the nature and extent of environmental impacts arising from the construction and operation of the Project and related activities that take place concurrently. This information will contribute to decisions by the Director on :
(i) the overall acceptability of any adverse environmental consequences that are likely to arise as a result of the Project;
(ii) the conditions and requirements for the detailed design, construction and operation of the Project to mitigate against adverse environmental consequences wherever practicable; and
(iii) the acceptability of residual impacts after the proposed mitigation measures are implemented.
2. OBJECTIVES OF THE EIA STUDY
2.1 The objectives of the EIA study are as follows:
(i) to describe the Project and associated works together with the requirements for carrying out the Project;
(ii) to identify and describe elements of community and environment likely to be affected by the Project and/or likely to cause adverse impacts to the Project, including natural and man-made environment and the associated environmental constraints;
(iii) to provide information on the consideration of alternatives to avoid and minimize the environmental impacts, in particular on the Lantau North Country Park, the proposed Lantau North (Extension) Country Park, the Water Gathering Ground and the Airport Sea Channel;
(iv) to identify and quantify emission sources and determine the significance of impacts on sensitive receivers and potential affected uses;
(v) to identify and quantify any potential landscape and visual impacts, especially within the Lantau North Country Park and the proposed Lantau North (Extension) Country Park, and to propose measures to mitigate these impacts;
(vi) to identify and quantify any potential losses or damage to flora, fauna and natural habitats and to propose measures to mitigate these impacts
(vii) to identify any negative impacts on site of cultural heritage and to propose measures to mitigate these impacts;
(viii) to identify the risk to the passengers and workers of the cable car due to the fuel storage at the Chek Lap Kok tank farm;
(ix) to propose the provision of mitigation measures so as to minimize pollution, environmental disturbance and nuisance during construction and operation of the Project;
(x) to investigate the feasibility, effectiveness and implications of the proposed mitigation measures
(xi) to identify, predict and evaluate the residual environmental impacts (i.e. after practicable mitigation) and the cumulative effects expected to arise during the construction and operation phases of the Project in relation to the sensitive receivers and potential affected uses;
(xii) to identify, assess and specify methods, measures and standards, to be included in the detailed design, construction and operation of the Project which are necessary to mitigate the identified environmental impacts and cumulative effects and reduce them to acceptable levels;
(xiii) to investigate the extent of the secondary environmental impacts that may arise from the proposed mitigation measures and to identify constraints associated with the mitigation measures recommended in the EIA study, as well as the provision of any necessary modification; and
(xiv) to design and specify environmental monitoring and audit requirements to ensure the effective implementation of the recommended environmental protection and pollution control measures.
3. DETAILED REQUIREMENTS OF THE EIA STUDY
3.1 The purpose of this study brief is to scope the key issues of the EIA study. The Applicant has to demonstrate in the EIA report that the criteria in the relevant sections of the Technical Memorandum on the Environmental Impact Assessment Process of the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance (hereinafter referred to as "the TM") are fully complied with.
3.2 The Scope
3.2.1 The scope of this EIA study covers the project mentioned in section 1.3 above and any consequential developments likely to arise, such as additional related developments and access roads in the vicinity of the terminals and connected bus services.
3.2.2 The EIA study shall address any key issues identified during the course of the study and the cumulative environmental impacts of the Project, through interaction or in combination with other existing, committed and planned developments in the vicinity of the Project.
3.3 Technical Requirements
The Applicant shall conduct the EIA study to address all environmental aspects of the activities as described in the scope as set out above. The EIA study shall include the following technical requirements on specific impacts.
3.3.1 Alternative Consideration
220.127.116.11 When preparing the EIA report in accordance with the technical requirements below, the applicant shall provide information on the consideration of alternatives with a view to avoiding or minimizing the potential environmental impacts.
18.104.22.168 The EIA report shall include reference to the consideration of cable car system, location of the terminals and the alignment. The applicant shall compare the main environmental impacts of different options, cable car systems, pylon design, terminals locations and alignments with the proposed project, provide reasons for selecting the proposed system and alignment, and the part environmental factors played in the selection shall be described.
22.214.171.124 The applicant shall take into account the location of the planned Ngong Ping Sewage Treatment Work and minimize any potential impact, including odour and visual impact, to the cable car passengers on finalizing the location and layout of the Ngong Ping terminal.
126.96.36.199 The EIA shall consider alternatives (ie, location of water points, the use of existing trails) to minimize any need for clearing of vegetation along the cable car route.
3.3.2 Cumulative Environmental Impact
The Applicant shall assess and evaluate the cumulative environmental impacts arising from the project and other planned development in its vicinity. Findings of relevant environmental studies shall be reviewed and incorporated into the EIA Report.
3.3.3 Air Quality Impact
188.8.131.52 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing air quality impact as stated in section 1 of Annex 4 and Annex 12 of the TM respectively.
184.108.40.206 The assessment area for air quality impact shall generally be defined by a distance of 500 m from the boundary of the project site, yet it may be extended depending on the circumstances and the scale of the project.
220.127.116.11. The Applicant shall assess the air pollutant concentrations in accordance with the latest set of Guidelines for Local-Scale Air Quality Assessment Using Models issued by the Environmental Protection Department, HKSAR. (ref. EPD's home page under items for Air - http://www.info.gov.hk/epd) or other methodology as agreed by the Director.
18.104.22.168. The air quality impact assessment shall include the following:
Background and analysis of activities
(i) Provide background information relating to air quality issues relevant to the construction of the project, e.g. description of the types of activities of the project such as earthworks for the site formation that will likely give rise to dust emissions;
(ii) Give an account, where appropriate, of the consideration/measures that had been taken into consideration in the planning of the project to abate the air pollution impact. That is, the Applicant should consider alternative construction methods/phasing programmes to minimize the constructional air quality impact. For example, include use of alternative construction materials transportation modes of less dust emission to avoid dust impact on ASRs due to haul road transport during construction.
(iii) Present the background air quality levels in the assessment area for the purpose of evaluating the cumulative constructional air quality impacts.
Identification of ASRs and examination of emission/dispersion characteristics
(iv) Identify and describe representative existing and planned/committed air sensitive receivers (ASRs) that would likely be affected by the project. The Applicant shall select the assessment points of the identified ASRs such that they represent the worst impact point of these ASRs. A map showing the location and a description including the name of the buildings, their uses and height of the selected assessment points shall be given. The separation distances of these ASRs from the nearest emission sources should also be given.
(v) Provide an exhaustive list of air pollutant emission sources, including any nearby emission sources which are likely to have impact on the project based on the analysis of the constructional activities of the project in (i) above. Examples of constructional stage emission sources include stock piling, blasting, concrete batching and vehicular movements on unpaved haul roads on site,......etc. Confirmation of the validity of the assumptions and the magnitude of the activities (e.g. volume of construction materials handled etc.) shall be obtained from the relevant government department/authorities and documented.
Constructional air quality impact
(vi) The Applicant shall follow the requirements of the Air Pollution Control (Construction Dust) Regulation in dust control to ensure construction dust impacts are controlled within the relevant standards as stipulated in section 1 of Annex 4 of the TM. An audit and monitoring program during constructional stage shall be initiated to verify the effectiveness of the control measures and to ensure that the construction dust levels be brought under control.
(vii) If the Applicant anticipates a significant construction dust impact that will likely cause exceedance of the recommended limits in the TM at the ASRs despite incorporation of the dust control measures stated in (vi) above, a quantitative assessment should be carried out to evaluate the construction dust impact at the identified ASRs based on the emission strength of the emission sources identified in (v) above. The Applicant shall follow (viii) to (xi) below when carrying out the quantitative assessment.
Quantitative Assessment Methodology
(viii) The Applicant shall apply the general principles enunciated in the modelling guidelines (paragraph 22.214.171.124 above) while making allowance for the specific characteristic of each project. This specific methodology must be documented in such level of details (preferably with tables and diagrams) to allow the readers of the assessment report to grasp how the model is set up to simulate the situation at hand without referring to the model input files. Details of the calculation of the emission rates of air pollutants for input to the modelling shall be presented in the report. The Applicant must ensure consistency between the text description and the model files at every stage of submission. Applicant is advised to obtain prior agreement of the general methodology from the Director before commencement of the assessments.
(ix) The Applicant shall, based on the nature of the activities analysed in (v) above, identify the key/representative air pollutant parameters (types of pollutants and the averaging time concentration) to be evaluated and provide explanation for choosing these parameters for the assessment of the impact of the project.
(x) The Applicant shall calculate the cumulative air quality impact at the identified ASRs and compare these results against the criteria set out in section 1 of Annex 4 in the TM. The predicted air quality impacts (both unmitigated and mitigated) shall be presented in the form of summary table and pollution contours, for comparison with relevant air quality standards and examination of the land use implications of these impacts. Plans of suitable scale should be used for presentation of pollution contour for determining buffer distances required.
Mitigating measures for non-compliance
(xi) The Applicant shall propose remedies and mitigating measures where the predicted air quality impact exceeds the criteria set in section 1 of Annex 4 in the TM. These measures and any constraints on future land use planning shall be agreed with the relevant government departments/authorities and documented. The Applicant shall demonstrate quantitatively that the resultant impacts after incorporation of the proposed mitigating measures will comply the criteria stipulated in section 1 of Annex 4 in the TM.
Submission of model files
(xiii) All input and output file(s) of the model run(s) shall be submitted to the Director in electronic format.
3.3.4 Noise Impact
126.96.36.199 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing noise impact as stated in Annexes 5 and 13 of the TM respectively.
188.8.131.52 The noise impact assessment shall include the following :
(i) Determination of Assessment Area
The noise impact assessment shall include all areas within 300m from the project boundary. Subject to the agreement of the Director, the assessment area could be reduced accordingly if the first layer of noise sensitive receivers, closer than 300m from the project boundary, provides acoustic shielding to those receivers located further away.
(ii) Provision of Background Information
The Applicant shall provide all background information relevant to the project including relevant previous and current studies. Unless involved in the planning standards, no existing noise levels are particularly required.
(iii) Identification of Noise Sensitive Receivers
(a) The Applicant shall refer to Annex 13 of the TM when identifying the noise sensitive receivers (NSRs). The NSRs shall include all existing ones and all planned or committed noise sensitive developments and uses.
(b) The Applicant shall select assessment points to represent all identified NSRs for carrying out quantitative noise assessment described below. The assessment points shall be agreed with the Director prior to the quantitative noise assessment. A map showing the location and description including name of building, use, and floors of each and every selected assessment point shall be given.
(iii) Provision of an Emission Inventory of the Noise Sources
The Applicant shall provide an inventory of noise sources including construction equipment for construction noise assessment; fixed plant equipment, and cable car runner for operational noise assessment. Confirmation of the validity of the inventory shall be obtained from the relevant government departments/authorities.
(v) Construction Noise Assessment
(a) The Applicant shall carry out assessment of noise impact from construction (excluding percussive piling) of the project during day time, i.e. 7 a.m. to 7 p.m., on weekdays other than general holidays in accordance with the methodology stipulated in paragraphs 5.3. and 5.4 of Annex 13 of the TM. The criteria in Table 1B of Annex 5 of the TM shall be adopted in the assessment.
(b) To minimize the construction noise impact, alternative construction methods to replace percussive piling shall be proposed as far as practicable. As helicopters will be used for construction, the selection of the flight path shall consider to minimize any possible disturbance to noise sensitive receivers.
(c) If the unmitigated construction noise levels are found to exceed the relevant criteria, the Applicant shall propose practicable direct mitigation measures (including movable barriers, enclosures, quieter alternative methods, re-scheduling and restricting hours of operation of noisy tasks) to minimize the impact. If the mitigated noise levels still exceed the relevant criteria, the duration of the noise exceedance shall be given.
(vi) Operational Noise
a) Calculation of Noise Levels
The Applicant shall analyze the scope of the proposed cable car system, including the location of mechanical equipment at the terminals and the cable car runners over the pylons, to identify alignment sections for the purpose of noise impact assessment.
(b) Presentation of Noise Levels
The Applicant shall present the prevailing and future noise levels at the NSRs on tables and plans of suitable scale.
Quantitative assessment at the NSRs for proposed terminals and alignment shall be carried out and compared against the criteria set out in Table 1A of Annex 5 in the Technical Memorandum. The potential noise impact shall be quantified by estimating the total number of dwellings and other noise sensitive elements that will be exposed to noise levels exceeding the criteria set in Table 1A of Annex 5 in the Technical Memorandum.
(c) Proposals for Noise Mitigation Measures
The Applicant shall propose direct technical remedies in all situations where the predicted noise level exceeds the criteria set in Table 1A of Annex 5 in the TM by 1 dB(A) or more. Specific reasons for not adopting certain direct technical remedies in the design to reduce the noise to a level meeting the criteria in the TM or to maximize the protection for the NSRs should be clearly quantified and laid down. The total number of dwellings and other noise sensitive element that will be benefited by the provision of direct technical remedies should be provided.
The total number of dwellings and other noise sensitive elements that will still be exposed to noise above the criteria with the implementation of all recommended direct technical remedies shall be quantified.
In case where a number of the NSRs cannot all be protected by the recommended direct technical remedies, the Applicant shall consider alternative cable car system to reduce the impacts.
(vii) Assessment of Side Effects and Constraints
The Applicant shall identify, assess and propose means to minimize any side effects and to resolve any potential constraints arising from the inclusion of any recommended direct technical remedies.
(viii) Evaluation of Constraints on Planned Noise Sensitive Developments/Land Uses
For planned noise sensitive uses which will still be affected even with all practicable direct technical remedies in place, the Applicant shall propose, evaluate and confirm the practicality of additional measures within the planned noise sensitive uses and shall make recommendations on how these noise sensitive uses will be designed for the information of relevant parties.
The Applicant shall take into account the agreed environmental requirements/constraints identified by the study to assess the development potential of the concerned sites which shall be made known to the relevant parties.
3.3.5 Water Quality Impact
184.108.40.206 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing water pollution as stated in Annexes 6 and 14 of the TM, respectively.
220.127.116.11 All physical, chemical and biological disruptions of marine, estuarine, fresh water or ground water system(s) arising during the construction, operation of the project shall be identified and analyzed in the impact assessment.
18.104.22.168 The water quality impact assessment shall address the followings:
(i) Collection and review of background information on the existing water system(s).
(ii) Characterization of water quality based on existing information or site surveys/tests as appropriate.
(iii) Identification and analysis of all existing and planned future activities and beneficial uses related to the water system(s) and identification of all water sensitive receivers.
(iv) Identification of pertinent water quality objectives and establishment of other appropriate water quality criteria or standards for the water system(s) and all the sensitive receivers.
(v) Review the specific construction methods and configurations (e.g., any pylons to be constructed at the Airport Sea Channel) and operation of the cable car system. Identification of any alteration of watercourses.
(vi) Identification, analysis and quantification of all existing and likely future water pollution sources, including point discharges and non-point sources to surface water runoff. Field investigation and laboratory tests shall be conducted as appropriate. Establishment and provision of an emission inventory on the quantities and characteristics of all these pollution sources.
(vii) Prediction and quantification of the impacts on the water system(s) and the sensitive receivers due to those alterations and changes identified in (v) and the pollution sources identified in (vi). The prediction shall take into account and include likely different construction stages or sequences, different operation stages.
(viii) Cumulative impacts due to other projects; activities or pollution sources within a boundary around the Study Area to be agreed by EPD shall also be predicted and quantified.
Waste Water and Non-point Sources Pollution
(ix) Analysis on the provision and adequacy of existing and planned future facilities to reduce pollution arising from the non-point sources identified in (vi).
(x) Proposal of effective and practicable upgrading or provision, water pollution prevention and mitigation measures to be implemented during the construction, operation stages so as reduce the water quality impacts to within acceptable levels of standards. Requirements to be incorporated in the project contract document shall also be proposed.
(xi) Best management practices to reduce storm water and non-point source pollution shall be investigated and proposed as appropriate. Attention shall be made to the water quality control and mitigation measures recommended in the ProPECC paper on construction site drainage.
(xii) Evaluation and quantification of residual impacts on the water system(s) and the sensitive receivers with regard to the appropriate water quality criteria, standards or guidelines.
Protection of Water Gathering Ground
(xiii) Derive an emergency contingency plan for the construction and operational phase of the project with the aim to contain and remove all accidental spillage in short notice and to prevent and or to minimize the quantities of contaminants from reaching the water gathering ground.
3.3.6 Waste Management Implications
22.214.171.124 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing waste management implications as stated in Annexes 7 and 15 of the TM, respectively.
126.96.36.199 The assessment of waste management implications shall cover the following :
(i) Analysis of Activities and Waste Generation
The Applicant shall identify the quantity, quality and timing of the waste arising as a result of the construction and operation activities, based on the sequence and duration of these activities.
(ii) Proposal for Waste Management
(a) Prior to considering the disposal options for various types of wastes, the Applicant shall fully evaluate opportunities for reducing waste generation and on-site or off-site reuse shall be fully evaluated. Measures which can be taken in the planning and design stages, e.g. by modifying the design approach and in the construction stage for maximizing waste reduction shall be separately considered.
(b) After taking taken into account all the opportunities for reducing waste generation and maximizing reuse, the Applicant shall estimate the types and quantities of the wastes required to be disposed of as a consequence and describe the disposal options for each type of waste in detail. The disposal options for each type of wastes shall take into account the result of the assessment in (c) below.
(c) The impact caused by handling (including labeling, packaging & storage), collection, and disposal of wastes shall be addressed in detail and appropriate mitigation measures shall be proposed. This assessment shall cover the following areas :
- potential hazard;
- air and odour emissions;
- wastewater discharge; and
- public transport.
3.3.7 Ecological Impact (Terrestrial and Aquatic)
188.8.131.52 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing ecological impact as stated in Annexes 8 and 16 of the TM, respectively.
184.108.40.206 To minimize physical disturbance to the Country Parks, all construction materials and wastes to and from the work sites within the Country Parks shall be transported by helicopter unless it is shown to be impracticable. No haul road shall be formed to access the work sites within the Country Parks unless it is shown to be impracticable.
220.127.116.11 In the ecological impact assessment, the Applicant shall examine the flora, fauna and other components of the ecological habitats within the assessment area, including the Lantau North Country Park and proposed Lantau North (Extension) Country Park. The assessment area for the ecological impact assessment should cover 500m from the project boundary. The aim shall be to protect, maintain or rehabilitate the natural environment. The assessment shall identify and quantify as far as possible the potential ecological impacts associated with the project, including the potential impacts from human disturbance on the sensitive ecological habitats at Ngong Ping area and any impacts of haul roads and temporary access.
18.104.22.168 The assessment shall include the following:
(i) review the finding of relevant studies and collate all the available information regarding the ecological characters of the assessment area;
(ii) evaluate the information collected and identify any information gap relating to the assessment of potential ecological impacts to the terrestrial and aquatic environment;
(iii) carry out necessary field surveys for a period of not less than 9 months that shall cover both the wet and dry seasons, and investigations to verify the information collected in (ii), fill the information gaps identified and fulfill the objectives of the EIA study;
(iv) establish the general ecological profile and describe the characteristics of each habitat found; major information to be provided shall include:
(a) description of the physical environment;
(b) habitat maps of suitable scale (1:1000 to 1:5000) showing the types and locations of habitats in the assessment area;
(c) ecological characteristics of each habitat type such as size, vegetation type, species present, dominant species found, species diversity and abundance, community structure, seasonality and inter-dependence of the habitats and species, and presence of any features of ecological importance;
(d) representative color photos of each habitat type and any important ecological features identified;
(e) investigate and describe the existing wildlife uses of various habitats with special attention to those wildlife groups and habitats with conservation interests; including woodlands; wetlands; wetlands, natural stream courses and rivers; mangroves; seagrass beds; vertebrates such as Romer's Tree Frog and Eagle Owl, macroinvertebrates such as the Birdwing Butterfly, and any other habitats & wildlife groups identified as having special conservation interests by the study;
(f) species found that are rare, endangered and/or listed under local legislation, international conventions for conservation of wildlife/habitats or red data books;
(v) describe all recognized sites of conservation importance in the proposed development site and its vicinity including San Tau SSSI, Ngong Ping SSSI, Lantau Peak SSSI and Special Area, and Lantau North Country Park and assess how these sites will be affected by the proposed development;
(vi) using suitable methodology, identify and quantify as far as possible any direct, indirect, on-site, off-site, primary, secondary and cumulative ecological impacts such as destruction of habitats, reduction of species abundance/diversity, loss of feeding grounds, reduction of ecological carrying capacity, habitat fragmentation; and in particular the habitat loss and disturbance to wildlife during construction stage;
(vii) evaluate the significance and acceptability of the ecological impacts identified using well-defined criteria;
(viii) recommend all possible alternatives (such as modifications of route alignment, layout and design) and practicable mitigation measures to avoid, minimize and/or compensate for the adverse ecological impacts identified, such as reinstatement of habitats temporarily affected by the proposed development to its original state and if possible with some enhancement features;
(ix) evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of the recommended mitigation measures and define the scope, type, location, implementation arrangement, subsequent management and maintenance of such measures;
(x) determine and quantify the residual ecological impacts after implementation of the proposed mitigation measures;
(xi) evaluate the severity and acceptability of the residual ecological impacts using well-defined criteria; and
(xii) review the need for and recommend any ecological monitoring programme.
3.3.8 Landscape and Visual Impact
22.214.171.124 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing landscape and visual impacts for any above ground structures and work areas as stated in Annexes 10 and 18 of the TM, respectively. Both construction and operation impacts shall be assessed.
126.96.36.199 The assessment area for the landscape impact assessment shall include all areas within a 500m distance from the Project. The assessment area for the visual impact assessment shall be defined by the visual envelope from the Project which is generally the viewshed formed by natural/man-made features such as ridgeline and building blocks.
188.8.131.52 The Applicant shall review relevant outline development plan(s), outline zoning plan(s), layout plan(s) or planning briefs and studies, the documents may include the Remaining Development in Tung Chung and Tai Ho Comprehensive Feasibility Study, Tung Chung Town Center Area OZP No. S/I-TCTC/5, Ngong Ping Development Permission Area Plan No.DPA/I-NP/2, Chek Lap Kok Outline Zoning Plan No: S/I-CLK/2 which identify areas of high landscape value and recommend designations such as country park, site of special scientific interest, conservation area, open space and green belt. These documents also contain guidelines on landscape framework, urban design concept, designated view corridors, and open space network that may affect the appreciation of the project. The Applicant shall also review the South West New Territories Development Strategy Review. The aim is to gain an insight to the future outlook of the area so as to assess whether the Project can fit into the surrounding setting. Any conflict with the statutory town plans should be highlighted and appropriate follow-up action should be recommended.
184.108.40.206 The Applicant shall describe, appraise, analyze and evaluate the existing landscape resource and character of the assessment area. A system shall be derived for judging landscape and visual impact significance as required under the TM. The sensitivity of the landscape framework and its ability to accommodate change shall be particularly focused on. The Applicant shall identify the degree of compatibility of the Project with the existing landscape and planned landscape setting. The assessment shall quantify the potential landscape impacts as far as possible, so as to illustrate the significance of such impacts arising from the Project. Clear mapping of the landscape impact is required.
220.127.116.11 The Applicant shall assess the visual impacts of the Project. Clear illustrations of visual impact are required. The assessment shall include the following:
(i) Identification and plotting of visual envelope of the Project within the assessment area;
(ii) Identification of the key groups of sensitive receivers within the visual envelope and their views at both ground level and sea level and elevated vantage points. Sensitive receivers may involve the residential population in Tung Chung and Ngong Ping, international tourist and visitors, users of Country Parks;
(iii) Description of the visual compatibility of the Project with the surrounding, and the planned setting and its obstruction and interference with the key views of the adjacent areas; and
(iv) The severity of visual impacts in terms of nature, distances and number of sensitive receivers. Nighttime glare shall be considered in the assessment. The visual impacts of the Project with and without mitigation measures shall also be included so as to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed mitigation measures.
18.104.22.168 Alternative construction methods, alignment and design that would avoid or reduce the identified landscape and visual impacts shall be evaluated for comparison before adopting other mitigation or compensatory measures to alleviate the impacts. The mitigation measures proposed shall not only be concerned with damage reduction but should also include consideration of potential enhancement of existing landscape. The Applicant shall recommend mitigation measures to minimize the adverse effects identified above, including provision of a landscape design.
22.214.171.124 The mitigation measures shall include preservation of vegetation, transplanting of mature trees, provision of screen planting, revegetation of disturbed land, compensatory planting, reprovisioning of amenity areas and Country park Facilities, design of structures, provision of finishes to structures, colour scheme and texture of material used and any measures to mitigate the impact on existing land use and on the Country Park. Parties shall be identified for the on-going management and maintenance of the proposed mitigation works to ensure their effectiveness throughout the operation phase of the Project. A practical programme and funding proposal for the implementation of the recommended measures shall be provided.
126.96.36.199 Coloured perspective drawings, plans and section/elevation diagrams, annotated oblique aerial photographs and computer-generated photomontage shall be adopted to fully illustrate the landscape and visual impacts of the Project. All computer graphics shall be compatible with Microstation DGN file format. The Applicant shall record the technical details such as system set-up, software, data files and function in preparing the illustration, which may need to be submitted for verification of the accuracy of the illustrations.
3.3.9 Impact on Cultural Heritage
188.8.131.52 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing the cultural heritage impacts as stated in Annexes 10 and 19 of the TM, respectively.
184.108.40.206 The Applicant shall identify all sites of cultural heritage that might be adversely affected by the Project including visual impact, impacts due to vibration and ground settlement associated with the construction activities of the Project. The EIA study shall establish a comprehensive inventory of archaeological sites, fung-shui landscapes, historic buildings and structures including pre-war/clan graves and shrines located within or in close proximity to the project area, that might have the potential to be affected. This may include the Po Lin Monastery compound and the nearby historic structures in Ngong Ping; and the fung-shui landscape of "Elephants Trunk" located south of the Kau Liu, Tin Sam and San Tau villages. The information of all the identified graves/shrines including their ownerships, historical background, location plans and photographs, as well as writtern records of the grave inscriptions should be provided in the EIA report. The inventory shall be agreed by the Antiquities and Monuments Office of the Leisure & Cultural Services Department. A master layout plan showing the location of both the proposed works and all sites of cultural heritage identified is required. Besides, a cross-reference of all check list including all the affected sites of cultural heritage, direct and indirect impacts identified, recommended mitigation measures as well as the implementation agent and period shall also be included in the EIA report.
220.127.116.11 The Applicant shall assess the extent to which those sites of cultural heritage might be affected and recommend possible alternatives (such as modification of layout and design of the project) and practicable monitoring and mitigation measures to avoid or keep the adverse impacts on the site of cultural heritage to an absolute minimum. Such measures, if found necessary, shall be agreed with the Antiquities and Monuments Office of the Leisure & Culture Services Department.
3.3.10 Hazard To Life
18.104.22.168 The risk to the workers and cable car passengers due to the aviation fuel storage at Chek Lap Kok Airport shall be assessed. The Applicant shall follow the criteria for evaluating hazard to life as stated in Annexes 4 and 22 of the TM in conducting hazard assessment and include the following in the assessment:
(i) Identification of all hazardous scenarios associated with the aviation fuel storage at Chek Lap Kok Airport, which may cause fatalities on the Cable Car System during construction and operational phases.
(ii) Execution of a Quantitative Risk Assessment expressing population risks in both individual and societal terms during the cable car construction and operational phases.
(iii) Comparison of individual and societal risks with the Criteria for Evaluating Hazard to Life stipulated in Annex 4 of the TM; and
(iv) Identification and assessment of practicable and cost effective risk mitigation measures during the cable car construction and operational phases.
3.3.11 Summary of Environmental Outcomes
The EIA report shall contain a summary of the key environmental outcomes arising from the EIA study, including the population and environmentally sensitive areas protected, environmentally friendly designs recommended, key environmental problems avoided, compensation areas included and the environmental benefits of environmental protection measures recommended.
3.3.12 Environmental Monitoring and Audit (EM&A) Requirements
22.214.171.124 The Applicant shall identify and justify in the EIA study whether there is any need for EM&A activities during the construction and operation phases of the Project and, if affirmative, to define the scope of the EM&A requirements for the Project in the EIA study.
126.96.36.199 Subject to the confirmation of the EIA study findings, the Applicant shall comply with the requirements as stipulated in Annex 21 of the TM. The Applicant shall also propose real-time reporting of monitoring data for the Project through a dedicated internet website.
188.8.131.52 The Applicant shall prepare a project implementation schedule (in the form of a checklist as shown in Appendix D to this EIA study brief) containing all the EIA study recommendations and mitigation measures with reference to the implementation programme.
4. DURATION OF VALIDITY
4.1 This EIA study brief is valid for 24 months after the date of issue. If the EIA study does not commence within this period, the Applicant shall apply to the Director for a fresh EIA study brief before commencement of the EIA study.
5. REPORT REQUIREMENTS
5.1 In preparing the EIA report, the Applicant shall refer to Annex 11 of the TM for the contents of an EIA report. The Applicant shall also refer to Annex 20 of the TM, which stipulates the guidelines for the review of an EIA report.
5.2 The Applicant shall supply the Director with the following number of copies of the EIA report and the executive summary:
(i) 50 copies of the EIA report in English and 80 copies of the executive summary (each bilingual in both English and Chinese) as required under section 6(2) of the EIAO to be supplied at the time of application for approval of the EIA report.
(ii) when necessary, addendum to the EIA report and the executive summary submitted in 5.2 (i) above as required under section 7(1) of the EIAO, to be supplied upon advice by the Director for public inspection.
(iii) 20 copies of the EIA report in English and 50 copies of the executive summary (each bilingual in both English and Chinese) with or without Addendum as required under section 7(5) of the EIAO, to be supplied upon advice by the Director for consultation with the Advisory Council on the Environment.
5.3 The Applicant shall, upon request, make additional copies of the above documents available to the public, subject to payment by the interested parties of full costs of printing.
5.4 In addition, to facilitate the public inspection of the EIA Report via the EIAO Internet Website, the applicant shall provide electronic copies of both the EIA Report and the Executive Summary Report prepared in HyperText Markup Language (HTML) (version 4.0 or later) and in Portable Document Format (PDF version 4.0 or later), unless otherwise agreed by the Director. For the HTML version, a content page capable of providing hyperlink to each section and sub-section of the EIA Report and the Executive Summary Report shall be included in the beginning of the document. Hyperlinks to all figures, drawings and tables in the EIA Report and Executive Summary shall be provided in the main text from where the respective references are made. All graphics in the report shall be in interlaced GIF format unless otherwise agreed by the Director.
5.5 The electronic copies of the EIA report and the Executive Summary shall be submitted to the Director at the time of application for approval of the EIA Report.
5.6 When the EIA Report and the Executive Summary are made available for public inspection under s.7(1) of the EIAO, the content of the electronic copies of the EIA Report and the Executive Summary must be the same as the hard copies and the Director shall be provided with the most updated electronic copies.
5.7 To promote environmentally friendly and efficient dissemination of information, both hardcopies and electronic copies of future EM&A reports recommended by the EIA study shall be required and their format shall be agreed by the Director.
6. OTHER PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS
6.1 If there is any change in the name of Applicant for this EIA study brief during the course of the EIA study, the Applicant must notify the Director immediately.
6.2 If there is any key change in the scope of the Project mentioned in Sections 1.2, 1.3 and 1.4 of this EIA study brief and in Project Profile (No. PP-103/2000), the Applicant must seek confirmation from the Director in writing on whether or not the scope of issues covered by this EIA study brief can still cover the key changes, and the additional issues, if any, that the EIA study must also address. If the changes to the Project fundamentally alter the key scope of the EIA study brief, the Applicant shall apply to the Director for a fresh EIA study brief.
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Environmental Assessment and Noise Division,
Environmental Protection Department