Guidance notes

Assessment of Impact on Sites of Cultural Heritage in Environmental Impact Assessment Studies


  1. A baseline study is required as a rule for project proposals where it is found that sites of cultural heritage are present or where there is strong evidence that their presence is highly likely. The aim is to establish a complete inventory of all known and potential sites of cultural heritage within the impacted area of the proposed project site. The extent of this coverage will vary from case to case and the scope shall be set out in the EIA Study Brief. The project proponent is recommended to consult the AMO at the earliest possible instance for a preliminary indication.

  2. An inventory of possible and potential impact on sites of cultural heritage should then be compiled. Impact may take the form of permanent alienation of land; construction activities including temporary works area requirements, heavy-vehicle traffic, ground disturbance etc.; severance of sites of cultural heritage from their original settings and surroundings leading to diminished amenities value; intrusive and obtrusive operations of the new development upon commissioning; etc.

  3. This process is especially important as it can minimize the possibilities of discovering previously unknown sites of cultural heritage during construction stage which may cause delay or even necessitate modification of project design.