of Impact on Sites of Cultural Heritage in Environmental Impact Assessment
- A baseline study is required as a rule
for project proposals where it is found that sites of cultural heritage
are present or where there is strong evidence that their presence is
highly likely. The aim is to establish a complete inventory of all known
and potential sites of cultural heritage within the impacted area of
the proposed project site. The extent of this coverage will vary from
case to case and the scope shall be set out in the EIA Study Brief.
The project proponent is recommended to consult the AMO at the earliest
possible instance for a preliminary indication.
- An inventory of possible and potential
impact on sites of cultural heritage should then be compiled. Impact
may take the form of permanent alienation of land; construction activities
including temporary works area requirements, heavy-vehicle traffic,
ground disturbance etc.; severance of sites of cultural heritage from
their original settings and surroundings leading to diminished amenities
value; intrusive and obtrusive operations of the new development upon
- This process is especially important
as it can minimize the possibilities of discovering previously unknown
sites of cultural heritage during construction stage which may cause
delay or even necessitate modification of project design.