APPENDIX G – SPECIS LISTS OF FLORA AND FAUNA            

 

 

Table G-1        Plant Species Recorded in Forest

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local Abundance

Remark

Abrus mollis

Restricted

C

O

 

Acacia concinna (A. sinuata) 

Restricted

C

S

 

Acacia confusa

Common, introduced

T

O

 

Acronychia pedunculata

Very common

T

F

 

Adenanthera pavonina var. microsperma

Restricted

T

S

 

Adiantum flabellulatum

Very common

H

F

 

Adiantum malesianum

Common

H

O

 

Aidia pycnantha (Randia cochinchinensis)

Common

T

O

 

Ailanthus fordii

Rare

T

O

Protected in HK

Alangium chinense

Common

T

O

 

Alchornea trewioides

Common

S

O

 

Alpinia hainanensis (A. katsumadai)

Very common

H

O

 

Ampelopsis cantoniensis

Very common

C

O

 

Antidesma bunius

Common

T

O

 

Antidesma paniculatum

Common

S

O

 

Aporosa dioica

Very common

T

O

 

Aquilaria sinensis

Common

T

O

Class III National protection

Archidendron clypearia

Common

T

O

 

Archidendron lucidum (Pithecellobium lucidum, Abarema lucida)

Common

T

O

 

Ardisia crenata

Common, cultivated only

H

O

 

Bambusa sp.

 

T

O

 

Bischofia javanica

Common

T

O

 

Blechnum orientale

Very common

H

O

 

Bowringia callicarpa

Very common

C

O

 

Breynia fruticosa

Very common

S

O

 

Bridelia tomentosa

Very common

T

O

 

Brucea javanica

Common

S

O

 

Byttneria aspera

Very common

C

F

 

Caesalpinia crista (C. nuga)

Very common

C

O

 

Calamus tetradactylus

Common

C

O

 

Cansjera rheedii

Restricted

S

O

 

Canthium dicoccum

Common

T

O

 

Capparis cantoniensis

Common

C

S

 

Casuarina equisetifolia

Common, introduced

T

O

 

Cayratia corniculata (Columella corniculata) 

Very common

C

O

 

Celastrus hindsii

Very common

C

F

 

Celtis biondii

Restricted

S

S

 

Celtis tetrandra ssp. sinensis (C. sinensis)

Common

T

O

 

Celtis timorensis (C. philippinensis)

Restricted

Sap

S

 

Centotheca lappacea

Common

H

F

 

Choerospondias axillaris

Common

T

O

 

Chrysopogon aciculatus

Very common

H

S

 

Cinnamomum parthenoxylon

Common

T

S

 

Cissus repens

Restricted

C

O

 

Cissus repens

Restricted

C

O

 

Claoxylon indicum

Common

T

O

 

Clausena lansium

Common, introduced

T

O

 

Cratoxylum cochinchinense

Very common

T

O

 

Cryptocarya concinna

Restricted

T

O

 

Cudrania cochinchinensis ( Maclura cochinchinensis)

Common

S

O

 

Cyclobalanopsis myrsinifolia

Common

T

O

 

Cyclosorus parasiticus (Christella parasitica)

Very common

H

O

 

Dalbergia balansae

Restricted*

T

O

 

Dalbergia benthamii

Common

C

O

 

Daphniphyllum calycinum

Common

S

O

 

Dendrotrophe frutescen

Very common

C

O

 

Derris alborubra

Common

C

O

 

Desmos chinensis (D. cochinchinensis)

Common

S

O

 

Dicranopteris pedata (D. dichotoma, D. linearis)

Very common

H

O

 

Dimocarpus longan

Common, introduced, naturalised

T

O

 

Dioscorea benthamii

Common

C

O

 

Dioscorea fordii (D. batatas)

Common

C

O

 

Diospyros eriantha

Very common

T

O

 

Elaeagnus loureiri

Restricted

S

O

 

Elephantopus scaber

Common

H

O

 

Eleutherococcus trifoliatus (Acanthopanax trifoliatus)

Restricted

C

O

 

Embelia ribes

Common

C

O

 

Erycibe obtusifolia

Restricted

C

S

 

Ficus hispida

Very common

T

O

 

Ficus nervosa

Restricted

T

O

 

Ficus variegata var. chlorocarpa

Common

T

O

 

Ficus variolosa

Very common

S

O

 

Fissistigma uonicum

Restricted

C

O

 

Fraxinus griffithii

Restricted

T

O

 

Garcinia oblongifolia

Very common

T

O

 

Glochidion eriocarpum

Very common

S

F

 

Glochidion hirsutum

Common

T

O

 

Gmelina chinensis

Common

T

O

Protected in Guangdong

Gnetum luofuense (G. montanum)

Very common

C

F

 

Gordonia axillaris

Very common

T

O

 

Gynura divaricata

Very common

H

O

 

Hedyotis hedyotidea

Very common

C

O

 

Helicteres angustifolia

Very common

H

O

 

Hibiscus tiliaceus

Very common

T

O

 

Ilex asprella

Very common

S

F

 

Lantana camara

Very common, exotics from America

S

O

 

Liriope spicata

Very common

H

F

 

Litchi chinensis

Common, introduced

T

O

 

Lithocarpus glaber

Common

T

O

 

Litsea glutinosa

Very common

T

F

 

Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia

Very common

S

F

 

Loeseneriella concinna (L. obtusifolia, Hippocratea obtusifolia)

Common

C

O

 

Lophatherum gracile

Very common

H

F

 

Lygodium flexuosum

Very common

C

F

 

Machilus chekiangensis

Very common

T

F

 

Machilus velutina

Common

T

O

 

Maesa perlarius

Common

S

O

 

Malaisia scandens

Rare

C

O

 

Mallotus paniculatus

Very common

T

F

 

Mallotus philippensis

Restricted

T

S

 

Melodinus suaveolens

Common

C

F

 

Memecylon ligustrifolium

Common

S

O

 

Merremia umbellata

Common

C

O

 

Microcos paniculata

Common

T

F

 

Microstegium ciliatum

Very common

H

O

 

Mikania micrantha

Very common, exotics from America

C

O

 

Millettia nitida

Very common

C

O

 

Millettia speciosa

Common

C

O

 

Miscanthus sinensis

Very common

H

S

 

Murraya exotica

Common, introduced

S

S

 

Musa balbisiana

Common

GH

O

 

Mussaenda pubescens

Very common

C

O

 

Oroxylum indicum

Restricted

T

O

 

Osmunda vachellii

Common

H

O

 

Ottochloa nodosa var. micrantha (O. malabarica) 

Very common

H

F

 

Oxalis corniculata

Very common

H

S

 

Oxyceros sinensis (Randia sinensis)

Common

S

O

 

Pandanus  tectorius

Very common

T

O

 

Pericampylus glaucus

Restricted

C

O

 

Photinia benthamiana

Common

T

O

 

Phyllanthus cochinchinensis

Very common

S

F

 

Phyllanthus emblica

Very common

T

O

 

Phyllanthus reticulatus

Common

S

O

 

Phyllodium pulchellum

Very common

H

O

 

Piper hancei

Very common

C

O

 

Pothos chinensis

Very common

C

O

 

Pseudosasa cantori (Arundinaria cantorii) 

Common

S

O

 

Psychotria rubra

Very common

S

O

 

Psychotria serpens

Very common

C

O

 

Pteris dispar (P. semipinnata var. dispar)

Common

H

O

 

Pteris ensiformis

Common

H

O

 

Pterospermum heterophyllum

Restricted

T

O

 

Pueraria lobata

Very common

C

O

 

Pyrrosia lanceolata

Common

E

O

 

Quisqualis indica

Restricted

C

S

 

Reevesia thyrsoidea

Common

T

O

 

Rhapis excelsa

Common

S

S

 

Rhus succedanea

Common

T

O

 

Rourea minor

Common

C

O

 

Sageretia thea

Very common

S

F

 

Sapium discolor

Very common

T

F

 

Sapium sebiferum

Common

T

O

 

Schefflera octophylla

Very common

T

O

 

Scolopia saeva

Common

T

O

 

Scutellaria indica

Common

H

O

 

Senecio scandens

Common

C

O

 

Severinia buxifolia (Atalantia buxifolia)

Common

S

O

 

Sida rhombifolia

Common

S

S

 

Solena amplexicaulis

Very common

C

O

 

Sterculia lanceolata

Very common

T

F

 

Strophanthus divaricatus

Common

S

F

 

Strychnos angustiflora

Common

C

O

 

Synedrella nodiflora

Very common, exotics from America

H

S

 

Syzygium jambos

Common

T

O

 

Syzygium levinei

Common

T

O

 

Tarenna attenuata

Common

S

O

 

Tectaria subtriphylla

Common

H

O

 

Tetracera asiatica

Very common

C

F

 

Tetradium glabrifolium (Evodia meliifolia) 

Common

T

O

 

Thunbergia grandiflora

Common, introduced, naturalised

C

O

 

Tinospora sagittata

Restricted

C

S

 

Tristania conferta

Common, introduced

T

O

 

Tylophora ovata

Common

C

O

 

Uncaria hirsuta

Rare

C

O

 

Urceola micrantha (Parabarium micranthum, Ecdysanthera micrantha)

Rare

C

S

 

Urceola rosea (Ecdysanthera rosea)

Common

C

O

 

Urena lobata

Common

S

O

 

Uvaria calamistrata

Rare

C

S

 

Uvaria grandiflora

Restricted

C

O

 

Uvaria microcarpa

Common

C

O

 

Vitex quinata

Common

T

O

 

Vitis balanseana

Restricted

C

S

 

Xenostegia tridentata (Merremia hastata)

Very rare

C

S

 

Zanthoxylum avicennae

Common

T

O

 

Zanthoxylum nitidum

Very common

C

O

 

 

 


Table G-2        Plant Species Recorded in Tall Shrubland

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local Abundance

Remark

Antirhea chinensis

Very common

S

F

 

Bauhinia glauca

Very common

C

F

 

Breynia fruticosa

Very common

S

F

 

Carex cruciata

Very common

H

F

 

Cassytha filiformis

Very common

C

F

 

Cheilosoria tenuifolia (Cheilanthes tenuifolia)

Common

H

F

 

Embelia laeta

Very common

S

F

 

Eurya nitida (E. japonica)

Very common

S

F

 

Gahnia tristis

Very common

H

F

 

Glochidion eriocarpum

Very common

S

F

 

Ilex asprella

Very common

S

F

 

Ischaemum barbatum

Very common

H

F

 

Ischaemum ciliare

Very common

H

F

 

Liriope spicata

Very common

H

F

 

Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia

Very common

S

F

 

Lygodium flexuosum

Very common

C

F

 

Melastoma sanguineum

Common

S

F

 

Millettia nitida

Very common

C

F

 

Miscanthus sinensis

Very common

H

F

 

Paederia foetida (P. scandens)

Very common

C

F

 

Phyllanthus cochinchinensis

Very common

S

F

 

Phyllanthus emblica

Very common

T

F

 

Pseudosasa cantori (Arundinaria cantorii) 

Common

S

F

 

Psychotria serpens

Very common

C

F

 

Rhaphiolepis indica

Very common

S

F

 

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

Very common

S

F

 

Scleria levis (S. hebecarpa, S. pubescens)

Common

H

F

 

Scleria lithosperma

Restricted

H

F

 

Smilax glabra

Very common

C

F

 

Stenoloma chusanum (Sphenomeris chinensis) 

Very common

H

F

 

Strophanthus divaricatus

Common

S

F

 

Tetracera asiatica

Very common

C

F

 

Alyxia sinensis

Common

C

O

 

Ampelopsis cantoniensis

Very common

C

O

 

Antidesma japonicum

Common

S

O

 

Aporosa dioica

Very common

T

O

 

Aquilaria sinensis

Common

T

O

 

Ardisia lindleyana (A. punctata)

Common

S

O

 

Aster baccharoides

Very common

H

O

 

Blechnum orientale

Very common

H

O

 

Bothriochloa glabra

Common

H

O

 

Bridelia tomentosa

Very common

T

O

 

Brucea javanica

Common

S

O

 

Caesalpinia crista (C. nuga)

Very common

C

O

 

Cansjera rheedii

Restricted

S

O

 

Casuarina equisetifolia

Common, introduced

T

O

 

Celastrus hindsii

Very common

C

O

 

Clematis chinensis

Restricted

C

O

 

Cratoxylum cochinchinense

Very common

T

O

 

Cyclobalanopsis glauca

Rare

T

O

 

Cyclobalanopsis myrsinifolia

Common

T

O

 

Daphniphyllum calycinum

Common

S

O

 

Dendrotrophe frutescen

Very common

C

O

 

Dicranopteris pedata (D. dichotoma, D. linearis)

Very common

H

O

 

Dimeria ornithopoda

Common

H

O

 

Diospyros vaccinioides

Very common

S

O

 

Diploclisia glaucescens

Common

C

O

 

Diplospora dubia (Tricalysia dubia)

Common

S

O

 

Embelia ribes

Common

C

O

 

Emelia sonchifolia

Very common

H

O

 

Eriachne pallescens

Very common

H

O

 

Eriocaulon merrillii

Common

H

O

 

Eriocaulon sexangulare

Very common

H

O

 

Eulalia quadrinervis

Very common

H

O

 

Eupatorium catarium (Praxelis clematidea)

Very common

H

O

 

Eurya chinensis

Very common

S

O

 

Ficus hirta

Common

S

O

 

Ficus microcarpa

Common

T

O

 

Ficus variolosa

Very common

S

O

 

Fuirena ciliaris

Restricted

H

O

 

Fuirena umbellata

Common

H

O

 

Garcinia oblongifolia

Very common

T

O

 

Glochidion hirsutum

Common

T

O

 

Gmelina chinensis

Common

T

O

Protected in Guangdong

Gnetum luofuense (G. montanum)

Very common

C

O

 

Gordonia axillaris

Very common

T

O

 

Grewia biloba

Common

S

O

 

Gymnema sylvestre

Very common

C

O

 

Hedyotis acutangula

Very common

H

O

 

Helicteres angustifolia

Very common

S

O

 

Hypserpa nitida

Very common

C

O

 

Ilex memecylifolia

Common

S

O

 

Ilex pubescens

Very common

S

O

 

Itea chinensis

Very common

S

O

 

Jasminum lanceolaria

Very common

C

O

 

Lithocarpus glaber

Common

T

O

 

Litsea glutinosa

Very common

T

O

 

Lonicera macrantha

Common

C

O

 

Lophatherum gracile

Very common

H

O

 

Machilus velutina

Common

T

O

 

Mallotus paniculatus

Very common

T

O

 

Mallotus repandus

Common

S

O

 

Microcos paniculata

Common

T

O

 

Millettia speciosa

Common

C

O

 

Nepenthes mirabilis

Common

H

O

Protected in HK

Palhinhaea cernua (Lycopodium cernuum)

Very common

H

O

 

Pericampylus glaucus

Restricted

C

O

 

Pinus massoniana

Common

T

O

 

Psychotria rubra

Very common

S

O

 

Pteris ensiformis

Common

H

O

 

Pyrrosia lanceolata

Common

E

O

 

Rhus hypoleuca

Common

S

O

 

Rhus succedanea

Common

T

O

 

Rhynchospora rugosa

Restricted

H

O

 

Rhynchospora rugosa

Restricted

H

O

 

Rourea microphylla

Common

C

O

 

Schefflera octophylla

Very common

T

O

 

Scolopia saeva

Common

T

O

 

Sinosideroxylon wightianum (Sideroxylon wightianum) 

Common

S

O

 

Sterculia lanceolata

Very common

T

O

 

Strychnos angustiflora

Common

C

O

 

Strychnos umbellata

Common

C

O

 

Styrax suberifolius

Common

T

O

 

Syzygium buxifolium

Common

S

O

 

Tarenna attenuata

Common

S

O

 

Trema tomentosa (T. orientalis)

Common

S

O

 

Uvaria microcarpa

Common

C

O

 

Vitex negundo

Common

S

O

 

Xyris indica

Restricted

H

O

 

Zanthoxylum avicennae

Common

T

O

 

Zanthoxylum nitidum

Very common

C

O

 

Artocarpus hypargyreus

Common

T

S

Class III National Protection

Berchemia racemosa

Common

S

S

 

Cleisostoma simondii (C. williamsonii, C. teres, Sarcanthus teretifolius)

Very common

E

S

Protected in HK

Mallotus apelta

Common

S

S

 

Ormosia semicastrata

Restricted

T

S

 

Youngia japonica (Crepis japonica )

Very common

H

S

 


Table G-3        Plant Species Recorded in Shrubland and Grassland Mixture

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local Abundance

Dicranopteris pedata (D. dichotoma, D. linearis)

Very common

H

A

Eulalia quadrinervis

Very common

H

A

Ischaemum barbatum

Very common

H

A

Arundinella setosa

Very common

H

F

Aster baccharoides

Very common

H

F

Carex cruciata

Very common

H

F

Cymbopogon caesius

Very common

H

F

Cymbopogon hamatulus

Very common

H

F

Embelia laeta

Very common

S

F

Eriachne pallescens

Very common

H

F

Eurya nitida (E. japonica)

Very common

S

F

Helicteres angustifolia

Very common

S

F

Imperata cylindrica

Very common

H

F

Inula cappa

Common

H

F

Ischaemum ciliare

Very common

H

F

Palhinhaea cernua (Lycopodium cernuum)

Very common

H

F

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

Very common

S

A

Scleria levis (S. hebecarpa, S. pubescens)

Common

H

F

Solidago virgo-aurea

Common

H

F

Alpinia galangas

Restricted

H

O

Alyxia sinensis

Common

C

O

Anisopappus chinensis

Common

H

O

Blechnum orientale

Very common

H

O

Bothriochloa glabra

Common

H

O

Cratoxylum cochinchinense

Very common

T

O

Dianella ensifolia

Very common

H

O

Diospyros vaccinioides

Very common

S

O

Eremochloa ciliaris

Very common

H

O

Eriocaulon sexangulare

Very common

H

O

Eurya chinensis

Very common

S

O

Ficus variolosa

Very common

S

O

Fimbristylis dichotoma

Very common

H

O

Fuirena ciliaris

Restricted

H

O

Fuirena umbellata

Common

H

O

Gahnia tristis

Very common

H

O

Hedyotis acutangula

Very common

H

O

Ilex asprella

Very common

S

O

Lepidosperma chinensis

Very common

H

O

Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia

Very common

S

F

Lygodium flexuosum

Very common

C

O

Lygodium scandens

Common

H

O

Millettia nitida

Very common

C

O

Morinda umbellata

Common

C

O

Paederia foetida (P. scandens)

Very common

C

O

Phoenix hanceana

Common

S

O

Phyllanthus cochinchinensis

Very common

S

O

Rhaphiolepis indica

Very common

S

O

Rhus hypoleuca

Common

S

O

Rhynchospora rugosa

Restricted

H

O

Rubus leucanthus

Common

C

O

Rubus reflexus

Very common

C

O

Scleria ciliaris (S. chinensis)

Very common

H

O

Scleria lithosperma

Restricted

H

O

Trema tomentosa (T. orientalis)

Common

S

O

Xyris indica

Restricted

H

O

Mallotus paniculatus

Very common

T

S


Table G-4        Plant Species Recorded in Wetland

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Conservation status

Growth form

Local abundance

Achyranthes aspera

Common

H

O

Alternanthera sessilis

Common

H

F

Azolla imbricata

Rare

GH

O

Bacopa monnieri

Common

H

A

Berchemia lineata

Restricted

S

S

Centella asiatica

Very common

H

O

Ceratopteris thalictroides

Rare

H

S

Chrysopogon aciculatus

Very common

H

A

Colocasia esculenta

Common, introduced

H

O

Commelina diffusa (C. nudiflora)

Common

H

O

Cynodon dactylon

Very common, exotics from Africa

H

A

Cyperus haspan

Common

H

F

Cyperus malaccensis var. brevifolius

Common

H

O

Cyperus rotundus

Very common

H

A

Eclipta prostrata

Common

H

O

Eichhornia crassipes

Common, exotics from S. America

GH

F

Eleocharis dulcis

Common, introduced & naturalised

H

O

Eleocharis retroflexa ssp. chaetaria (E. chaetaria)

Restricted

H

O

Fimbristylis acuminata

Restricted*

H

O

Fimbristylis miliacea (F. littoralis)

Common

H

F

Fimbristylis schoenoides

Restricted

H

O

Fuirena ciliaris

Restricted

H

F

Fuirena umbellata

Common

H

F

Glochidion hirsutum

Common

T

O

Hydrocotyle wilfordii

Common

H

F

Hygrophila salicifolia (H. lancea)

Common

H

O

Hypericum japonicum

Very common

H

F

Isachne globosa

Very common

H

A

Juncus prismatocarpus

Common

H

O

Kyllinga nemoralis ( K. monocephala)

Very common

H

F

Lemna perpusilla (L. minor)

Common

GH

O

Lindernia antipoda

Common

H

F

Lindernia ciliata

Common

H

O

Ludwigia octovalvis

Common

H

O

Marsilea quadrifolia

Very rare

H

F

Paspalum distichum

Common

H

O

Passiflora foetida

Very common

C

O

Philydrum lanuginosum

Common

H

O

Pistia stratiotes

Common

H

O

Pogostemon auricularius

Common

H

S

Polygonum glabrum

Common

H

O

Pycreus flavidus

Common

H

O

Pycreus polystachyos (Cyperus polystachyos)

Very common

H

F

Pycreus sanguinolentus

Rare

H

O

Rhus succedanea

Common

T

O

Rotala indica

Very common

H

F

Rumex maritimus

Common

H

O

Sacciolepis indica

Very common

H

A

Salvinia natans

Rare

GH

F

Sapium sebiferum

Common

T

O

Spilanthes paniculata (S. acmella)

Common

H

O

Urena lobata

Common

S

O

 

 

 


Table G-5        Plant Species Recorded in Abandoned Farmland

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local abundance

Achyranthes aspera

Common

H

O

Agave vivipara

Rare, introduced & naturalized

H

S

Alternanthera sessilis

Common

H

F

Amaranthus viridis

Very common

H

O

Asclepias curassavica

Common, introduced & naturalised

H

O

Bacopa monnieri

Common

H

F

Boehmeria nivea

Restricted

S

O

Catharanthus roseus

Common, exotics from Africa

H

S

Centella asiatica

Very common

H

O

Chrysopogon aciculatus

Very common

H

A

Colocasia esculenta

Common, introduced

H

O

Cymbopogon caesius

Very common

H

O

Cynodon dactylon

Very common, exotics from Africa

H

A

Cyperus rotundus

Very common

H

A

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

Common, exotics from Africa

H

O

Desmodium heterocarpon

Very common

H

O

Desmodium triflorum

Very common

H

F

Eclipta prostrata

Common

H

O

Elephantopus scaber

Common

H

O

Eupatorium catarium (Praxelis clematidea)

Very common

H

O

Ficus pumila

Very common

C

O

Fimbristylis acuminata

Rare

H

S

Fimbristylis dichotoma

Very common

H

O

Fimbristylis schoenoides

Restricted

H

O

Hedyotis biflora

Restricted

H

O

Indigofera suffruticosa

Restricted

S

O

Kyllinga nemoralis ( K. monocephala)

Very common

H

O

Lantana camara

Very common, exotics from America

S

F

Lindernia antipoda

Common

H

O

Malvastrun coromendelinum

Common

S

O

Mikania micrantha

Very common, exotics from America

C

O

Mimosa pudica

Very common

H

O

Passiflora foetida

Very common

C

O

Ricinus communis

Restricted, exotics from Africa

S

O

Rotala indica

Very common

H

O

Sapium sebiferum

Common

T

O

Scoparia dulcis

Common, exotics from America

H

O

Senna occidentalis (Cassia occidentalis )

Very common, exotics from S. America

H

O

Senna tora (Cassia tora)

Common, exotic weed of uncertain origin

H

O

Sida cordifolia

Common

H

F

Sida rhombifolia

Common

S

O

Solanum erianthum (S. verbascifolium)

Common, exotics from America

S

O

Spilanthes paniculata (S. acmella)

Common

H

O

Triumfetta rhomboidea

Common

S

O

Urena lobata

Common

S

O

Xanthium strumarium

Common, exotics from America

H

F

Zanthoxylum nitidum

Very common

C

O


Table G-6        Plant Species Recorded in Farmland

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local abundance

Ananas comosus

Common, introduced

H

F

Brassica chinensis

Common, introduced

H

F

Brassica parachinensis

Common, introduced

H

F

Clausena lansium

Common, introduced

T

F

Cocculus orbiculatus

Common

C

O

Daucus carota var. sativa

Common, introduced

H

F

Dimocarpus longan

Common, introduced, naturalised

T

F

Ipomoea batatas

Common, introduced

C

A

Lactuca sativa

Common, introduced

H

F

Lantana camara

Very common, exotics from America

S

F

Ludwigia adscendens

Common

GH

O

Mikania micrantha

Very common, exotics from America

C

F

Musa paradisiaca var. sapientum

Common, introduced

GH

O

Phyllanthus reticulatus

Common

S

O

Saccharum officinarum

Common, introduced

S

O

Sapium sebiferum

Common

T

O

 


Table G-7        Plant Species Recorded in Rocky Shore

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Conservation status

Growth form

Local abundance

Asparagus cochinchinensis

Common

C

O

Berchemia lineata

Restricted

S

O

Berchemia racemosa

Common

S

O

Brucea javanica

Common

S

O

Caesalpinia crista (C. nuga)

Very common

C

O

Canavalia rosea (C. maritima)

Common

C

F

Celastrus hindsii

Very common

C

O

Celtis biondii

Restricted

S

S

Cerbera manghas

Common

T

O

Cladium mariscus (C. jamaicense)

Common

H

O

Clerodendrum inerme

Common

S

F

Cryptolepis sinensis

Common

C

O

Cyperus javanicus (Mariscus albescens, M. javanicus)

Common

H

O

Desmodium heterocarpon

Very common

S

O

Diospyros vaccinioides

Very common

S

O

Eupatorium catarium (Praxelis clematidea)

Very common

H

O

Ficus virens

Common

T

O

Fimbristylis dichotoma

Very common

H

O

Fimbristylis subbispicata

Common

H

F

Glochidion hirsutum

Common

T

O

Grewia biloba

Common

S

O

Gymnema sylvestre

Very common

C

O

Gynura divaricata

Very common

H

O

Heteropogon contortus

Very common

H

F

Ilex asprella

Very common

S

O

Ischaemum barbatum

Very common

H

F

Lantana camara

Very common, exotics from America

S

O

Limonium sinense

Common

H

O

Liriope spicata

Very common

H

F

Litsea glutinosa

Very common

T

O

Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia

Very common

S

F

Mallotus repandus

Common

S

O

Melinis repens (Rhynchelytrum repens)

Very common

H

O

Morinda umbellata

Common

C

O

Opuntia dillenii

Common, exotics from America

S

S

Oxalis corniculata

Very common

H

O

Paliurus ramosissimus

Common

S

O

Pandanus  tectorius

Very common

T

O

Pericampylus glaucus

Restricted

C

O

Premna serratifolia

Common

S

O

Pyrrosia lanceolata

Common

E

O

Rhamnus leptophylla

Rare

S

S

Rhaphiolepis indica

Very common

S

O

Sageretia thea

Very common

S

F

Scaevola taccada

Very common

S

O

Scleria ciliaris (S. chinensis)

Very common

H

O

Scleria lithosperma

Restricted

H

F

Setaria pumila (S. glauca)

Very common

H

O

Severinia buxifolia (Atalantia buxifolia)

Common

S

F

Sida cordifolia

Common

H

O

Smilax china

Very common

S

F

Strophanthus divaricatus

Common

S

O

Trachelospermum jasminoides

Restricted

C

S

Tylophora ovata

Common

C

O

Wikstroemia nutans

Common

S

O

Xyris indica

Restricted

H

O

 

 


Table G-8        Plant Species Recorded in Sandy Beach

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local abundance

Abrus precatorius

Common

C

O

Alysicarpus vaginalis

Very common

H

F

Anisomeles indica

Common

H

O

Apluda mutica

Very common

H

O

Caesalpinia bonduc

Restricted

C

F

Canavalia rosea (C. maritima)

Common

C

F

Catharanthus roseus

Common, exotics from Africa

H

S

Clerodendrum inerme

Common

S

O

Crinum asiaticum var. sinicum (C. latifolium)

Restricted

H

O

Crotalaria pallida (C. mucronata)

Common

H

O

Crotalaria retusa

Restricted

H

O

Cuscuta japonica

Common

C

O

Cyperus stoloniferus

Common

H

F

Digitaria heterantha

Common

H

F

Indigofera hirsuta

Common

S

O

Ipomoea pes-caprae (I. brasiliensis)

Common

C

A

Ixeris japonica

Common

H

F

Launaea sarmentosa

Very common

H

F

Melinis repens (Rhynchelytrum repens)

Very common

H

O

Opuntia dillenii

Common, exotics from America

S

S

Panicum brevifolium

Very common

H

F

Paspalum vaginatum

Common

H

F

Ricinus communis

Restricted, exotics from Africa

S

O

Scaevola taccada

Very common

S

O

Senna occidentalis (Cassia occidentalis )

Very common, exotics from S. America

H

O

Sida cordifolia

Common

H

O

Spinifex littoreus

Common

H

O

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis

Common, exotics from America

H

F

Tridax procumbens

Very common, exotics from America

H

F

Urochloa mutica (Brachiaria mutica)

Common

H

O

Vitex rotundifolia

Common

S

A

Wedelia biflora

Common

H

F


Table G-9        Plant Species Recorded in Backshore Shrubland

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Conservation status

Growth form

Local abundance

Abrus precatorius

Common

C

O

Achyranthes aspera

Common

H

O

Agave vivipara

Rare, introduced & naturalized

H

O

Anisomeles indica

Common

H

O

Asparagus cochinchinensis

Common

C

O

Berchemia lineata

Rare

S

O

Bischofia javanica

Common

T

S

Bridelia tomentosa

Very common

T

O

Caesalpinia bonduc

Restricted

C

A

Canavalia rosea (C. maritima)

Common

C

F

Casuarina equisetifolia

Common, introduced

T

F

Catharanthus roseus

Common, exotics from Africa

H

S

Celtis tetrandra ssp. sinensis (C. sinensis)

Common

T

O

Cerbera manghas

Common

T

O

Clematis chinensis

Restricted

C

O

Clerodendrum inerme

Common

S

O

Cratoxylum cochinchinense

Very common

T

O

Crinum asiaticum L. var. sinicum (C. latifolium)

Restricted

H

O

Crotalaria pallida (C. mucronata)

Common

H

O

Cynodon dactylon

Very common, exotics from Africa

H

F

Eleusine indica

Very common, exotics from Africa

H

O

Eleutherococcus trifoliatus (Acanthopanax trifoliatus)

Restricted

C

O

Imperata cylindrica

Very common

H

O

Lantana camara

Very common, exotics from America

S

F

Macaranga tanarius

Common

T

O

Malvastrun coromendelinum

Common

S

O

Mikania micrantha

Very common, exotics from America

C

O

Pandanus  tectorius

Very common

T

A

Phragmites australis (P. communis)

Very common

H

S

Premna serratifolia

Common

S

O

Pteris ensiformis

Common

H

O

Ricinus communis

Restricted, exotics from Africa

S

O

Sageretia thea

Very common

S

F

Sapium sebiferum

Common

T

O

Scolopia chinensis

Common

T

S

Senna occidentalis (Cassia occidentalis )

Very common, exotics from S. America

H

O

Senna tora (Cassia tora)

Common, exotic weed of uncertain origin

H

O

Severinia buxifolia (Atalantia buxifolia)

Common

S

O

Sida cordifolia

Common

H

F

Sida rhombifolia

Common

S

O

Stephenia longa

Common

C

O

Urena lobata

Common

S

O

Vitex negundo

Common

S

F

Xanthium strumarium

Common, exotics from America

H

F

 


Table G-10      Plant Species Recorded in Mangrove

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local abundance

Abrus precatorius

Common

C

O

Acanthus ilicifolius

Common

S

O

Aegiceras corniculatum

Common

S

O

Bruguiera gymnorhiza

Restricted

T

O

Caesalpinia bonduc

Restricted

C

F

Cassytha filiformis

Very common

C

O

Celtis tetrandra ssp. sinensis (C. sinensis)

Common

T

O

Clerodendrum inerme

Common

S

O

Cocculus orbiculatus

Common

C

O

Crinum asiaticum var. sinicum (C. latifolium)

Restricted

H

O

Cryptolepis sinensis

Common

C

F

Cynodon dactylon

Very common, exotics from Africa

H

O

Cyperus malaccensis var. brevifolius

Common

H

O

Dalbergia candenatensis (D. torta) 

Restricted

S

O

Eupatorium catarium (Praxelis clematidea)

Very common

H

O

Excoecaria agallocha

Common

T

A

Gymnema sylvestre

Very common

C

O

Hibiscus tiliaceus

Very common

T

O

Kandelia candel

Very common

T

O

Limonium sinense

Common

H

O

Litsea glutinosa

Very common

T

O

Paliurus ramosissimus

Common

S

O

Pandanus  tectorius

Very common

T

F

Premna serratifolia

Common

S

O

Scaevola taccada

Very common

S

O

Scolopia chinensis

Common

T

O

Thespesia populnea

Restricted

T

F

Zoysia sinica

Common

H

F

 


Table G-11      Plant Species Recorded in Brackish Mudflat

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local abundance

Aegiceras corniculatum

Common

S

O

Clerodendrum inerme

Common

S

O

Cyperus stoloniferus

Common

H

A

Excoecaria agallocha

Common

T

O

Paspalum vaginatum

Common

H

F

Sesuvium portulacastrum

Common

H

F

Thespesia populnea

Restricted

T

O

Zoysia sinica

Common

H

A

 


Table G-12      Plant Species Recorded in Plantation

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local abundance

Acacia confusa

Common, introduced

T

F

Alocasia macrorrhiza

Very common

H

O

Ananas comosus

Common, introduced

H

F

Averrhoa carambola

Common, introduced

T

O

Bambusa sp.

Cultivated only

T

O

Bischofia javanica

Common

T

O

Celtis tetrandra ssp. sinensis (C. sinensis)

Common

T

F

Citrus grandis (C. maxima)

Common, introduced

T

O

Clausena lansium

Common, introduced

T

F

Desmodium heterocarpon

Very common

S

O

Dimocarpus longan

Common, introduced, naturalised

T

F

Eupatorium catarium (Praxelis clematidea)

Very common

H

F

Litchi chinensis

Common, introduced

T

F

Macaranga tanarius

Common

T

O

Mangifera indica

Common, introduced

T

O

Melaleuca leucadendron

Common, introduced

T

O

Melia azedarach

Common

T

F

Mimosa pudica

Very common

H

O

Musa paradisiaca var. sapientum

Common, introduced

GH

F

Ottochloa nodosa var. micrantha (O. malabarica) 

Very common

H

O

Paederia foetida (P. scandens)

Very common

C

O

Passiflora foetida

Very common

C

O

Plumbago zeylanica

Restricted

H

O

Pothos chinensis

Very common

C

O

Pteris ensiformis

Common

H

O

Pteris multifida

Very common

H

O

Pueraria lobata

Very common

C

O

Sageretia thea

Very common

S

O

Sapium sebiferum

Common

T

O

Zanthoxylum nitidum

Very common

C

O

 


Table G-13      Plant Species Recorded in Wasteland

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local abundance

Abrus precatorius

Common

C

O

Acacia confusa

Common, introduced

T

O

Achyranthes aspera

Common

H

O

Alternanthera sessilis

Common

H

O

Artemisia verlotiorum (A. vulgaris)

Restricted

H

O

Canavalia rosea (C. maritima)

Common

C

O

Cardiospermum halicacabum

Restricted, exotics from America

C

O

Cynodon dactylon

Very common, exotics from Africa

H

A

Desmodium triflorum

Very common

H

O

Eleutherococcus trifoliatus (Acanthopanax trifoliatus)

Restricted

C

O

Eragrostis amabilis (E. tenella)

Very common

H

F

Eupatorium catarium (Praxelis clematidea)

Very common

H

F

Ficus hispida

Very common

T

O

Indigofera suffruticosa

Restricted

S

O

Ipomoea cairica

Very common

C

F

Ipomoea mauritiana (I. digitata)

Restricted

C

S

Lantana camara

Very common, exotics from America

S

F

Litsea glutinosa

Very common

T

F

Macaranga tanarius

Common

T

O

Mallotus paniculatus

Very common

T

S

Malvastrun coromendelinum

Common

S

F

Mikania micrantha

Very common, exotics from America

C

F

Mimosa pudica

Very common

H

O

Mirabilis jalapa

Common, introduced

S

O

Miscanthus floridulus

Common

H

O

Neyraudia arundinacea (N. reynaudiana)

Very common

H

F

Paederia foetida (P. scandens)

Very common

C

O

Sageretia thea

Very common

S

F

Sida cordifolia

Common

H

F

Sida rhombifolia

Common

S

O

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis

Common, exotics from America

H

F

Triumfetta rhomboidea

Common

S

O


Table G-14      Plant Species Recorded in Buildup Area

(Code for Abundance: A = Abundant; F = Frequent; O = Occasional; S = Scarce; Code for Growth Form: E = Epiphyte; C = Climber; H = Herb; GH = Giant Herb; Sap = sapling; S = Shrub; T = Tree)

 

Plant species

Status

Growth form

Local abundance

Abutilon indicum

Restricted

S

O

Acacia confusa

Common, introduced

T

F

Achyranthes aspera

Common

H

O

Alocasia macrorrhiza

Very common

H

F

Amaranthus viridis

Very common

H

O

Anisomeles indica

Common

H

O

Annona squamosa

Common, introduced

S

O

Bauhinia purpurea

Common, introduced

T

O

Bidens pilosa

Very common, exotics from America

H

F

Bothriochloa glabra

Common

H

O

Bougainvillea glabra

Common, introduced

S

O

Bridelia tomentosa

Very common

T

O

Carica papaya

Common, introduced

T

O

Celtis tetrandra ssp. sinensis (C. sinensis)

Common

T

O

Cissus repens

Restricted

C

O

Citrus madurensis

Common, introduced

S

O

Clausena lansium

Common, introduced

T

O

Cocos nucifera

Restricted, introduced

T

S

Delonix regia

Common, introduced

T

O

Eupatorium catarium (Praxelis clematidea)

Very common

H

F

Ficus hispida

Very common

T

O

Ficus microcarpa

Common

T

O

Ficus virens

Common

T

S

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Common, introduced

S

O

Hylocereus undatus

Common, introduced

C

O

Ipomoea cairica

Very common

C

F

Kyllinga nemoralis ( K. monocephala)

Very common

H

F

Lantana camara

Very common, exotics from America

S

F

Macaranga tanarius

Common

T

O

Mallotus paniculatus

Very common

T

O

Melaleuca leucadendron

Common, introduced

T

O

Melia azedarach

Common, introduced & naturalised

T

O

Michelia alba

Common, introduced

T

O

Mikania micrantha

Very common, exotics from America

C

F

Mirabilis jalapa