Chapter    Title                                                                                                                           Page

1.1              Purpose of the Manual 1

1.2              Project Background_ 1

1.3              Project Alignment 2

1.4              Tentative Construction Programme_ 3

1.5              Project Organisation_ 3

2.1              Construction Air Quality Monitoring_ 6

2.2              Operational Air Quality Monitoring_ 12

3.1              Construction Airborne Noise Monitoring_ 13

3.2              Operational Traffic Noise Monitoring_ 16

4.1              Construction Water Quality Monitoring_ 19

4.2              Operational Water Quality Monitoring_ 25

5.1              Introduction_ 26

5.2              Sewerage and Sewage Treatment Implications during Construction Phase_ 26

6.1              Introduction_ 27

6.2              Construction Phase Waste Management Implications_ 27

7.1              Introduction_ 28

7.2              Construction Phase Land Contamination_ 28

8.1              Introduction_ 29

8.2              Ecological Mitigation Measures_ 29

8.3              Environmental Monitoring and Audit 29

9.1              Introduction_ 33

10.1            Introduction_ 34

10.2            Construction Phase and Initial Operation Phase_ 34

11.1            Introduction_ 39

11.2            Construction Phase_ 39

11.3            Operation Phase_ 42

12.1            Site Inspections_ 43

12.2            Compliance with Legal and Contractual Requirements_ 44

12.3            Environmental Complaints_ 44

13.1            Introduction_ 45

13.2            Baseline Monitoring Report 45

13.3            Monthly EM&A Reports_ 46

13.4            Quarterly EM&A Reports_ 49

13.5            Final EM&A Review Report 50

13.6            Data Keeping_ 52

13.7            Interim Notifications of Environmental Quality Limit Exceedances_ 52



Table 2.1:__ Construction Air Quality Monitoring Stations_ 8

Table 2.2:__ Typical Action and Limit Levels for Air Quality 10

Table 2.3:__ Event and Action Plan for Air Quality 11

Table 3.1:__ Construction Noise Monitoring Stations_ 13

Table 3.2 :_ Typical Action and Limit Levels for Construction Noise_ 15

Table 3.3:__ Event and Action Plan for Construction Noise_ 15

Table 3.4:__ Operational Noise Monitoring Stations_ 17

Table 4.1:__ Construction Water Quality Monitoring Stations_ 21

Table 4.2:__ Typical Action and Limit Levels for Water Quality 23

Table 4.3:__ Event and Action Plan for Water Quality 23

Table 8.1:__ Trigger and Action Levels for Monitoring and Action Plan of the WLCA_ 31

Table 10.1:_ Detailed Checklist for Implementation of Landscape Mitigation Measures during the Construction Phase / Establishment Period_ 35

Table 10.2:_ Event and Action Plan for Landscape and Visual Monitoring during Construction and Operational Phases_ 38

Table 11.1:_ Impacted Built Heritage that Require Detailed Photographic and Cartographic Recordings_ 39

Table 11.2:_ Areas Requiring Further Archaeological Survey 41




Figure 1.1                              Project Layout (Main Sections)

Figure 1.2                              Project Organisation Chart

Figure 2.1                              Proposed Location of Construction Air Quality Monitoring Stations

Figure 3.1                              Proposed Location of Construction Noise Monitoring Stations

Figure 3.2                              Proposed Location of Operational Noise Monitoring Stations

Figure 4.1                              Locations of Proposed Water Quality Monitoring Stations

Figure 8.1                              Potential Woodland Compensation Area

Figure 8.2                              Indicative Boundary of the Potential Wetland Compensation Area

Figure 8.3                              Conceptual Plan and Typical Cross-section Views of the Proposed Wetland Compensation Area

Figure 10.1                           Landscape and Visual Mitigation Plan – Key Plan

Figure 10.2                           Landscape and Visual Mitigation Plan – Section A, Zone 1

Figure 10.3                           Landscape and Visual Mitigation Plan – Section A, Zones 1 & 2

Figure 10.4                           Landscape and Visual Mitigation Plan – Section A, Zone 2

Figure 10.5                           Landscape and Visual Mitigation Plan – Section A, Zone 3

Figure 10.6                           Landscape and Visual Mitigation Plan – Section B

Figure 10.7                           Landscape and Visual Mitigation Plan – Section C

Figure 11.1                           Areas Requiring Further Archaeological Survey within Section between Lin Ma Hang and Frontier Closed Area Boundary

Figure 11.2                           Areas Requiring Archaeological Survey Cum-rescue Excavation and Further Archaeological Survey within Section between Ping Yeung and Wo Keng Shan

Figure 11.3                           Areas Requiring Further Archaeological Survey within Section between Ping Yeung and Wo Keng Shan

Figure 11.4                           Areas Requiring Further Archaeological Survey within Sha Tau Kok Road Section 

Figure 11.5                           Area Requiring Further Archaeological Survey within Lau Shui Heung Tunnel Section 

Figure 11.6                           Area Requiring Further Archaeological Survey within Fanling Section 

Figure 12.1                           Flow Chart of Complaint Investigation Procedures



Appendix A                            Implementation Schedule of Environmental Mitigation Measures

Appendix B                            Sample Environmental Monitoring Data Recording Sheets

Appendix C                           Sample Template for the Interim Notifications

Appendix D                           Guidelines for Photographic Records and Cartographic Records established by AMO




1.               Introduction

1.1               Purpose of the Manual

The purpose of this Environmental Monitoring and Audit (EM&A) Manual (hereafter referred to as the Manual) is to guide the setup of an EM&A programme to ensure compliance with the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study recommendations, to assess the effectiveness of the recommended mitigation measures and to identify any further need for additional mitigation measures or remedial action. This Manual outlines the monitoring and audit programme proposed for the “Liantang / Heung Yuen Wai Boundary Control Point and Associated Works (LT/HYW)” (The Project).

It should be noted that this EM&A Manual would be further reviewed and updated where necessary.

1.2               Project Background

There are currently four existing boundary control points (BCPs) that provide vehicular crossing at the Hong Kong – Shenzhen boundary within the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).  These existing BCPs include Shenzhen Bay and Lok Ma Chau on the western side of the New Territories, as well as Man Kam To and Sha Tau Kok on the eastern side.  The existing vehicular crossing points at Man Kam To and Sha Tau Kok have already reached their capacity limits, but scope for desirable expansion to enhance their capacities is limited by site constraints and the capacity of connecting roads on both Hong Kong and Shenzhen sides. 

It is anticipated that the volume of cross-boundary traffic will continue to increase with the closer ties of Hong Kong-Shenzhen and the completion of the planned Eastern Corridor in Shenzhen.  Therefore, it was identified necessary to establish a new BCP in the eastern part of Hong Kong-Shenzhen boundary to meet the future traffic demand and re-distribute cross-boundary traffic amongst the crossings in the east.

In December 2006, the Hong Kong Government and the Shenzhen Government jointly commissioned a study entitled “Preliminary Planning Study on Developing Liantang/Heung Yuen Wai Control Point” (hereafter referred to as “the Joint Study”) to examine the need, benefit and function of a new BCP at LT/HYW.  The Joint Study confirmed the need for a new BCP at LT/HYW. 

In January 2007, the Planning Department commissioned a consultancy study entitled “Planning Study on Liantang/Heung Yuen Wai Cross-boundary Control Point and its Associated Connecting Roads in Hong Kong – Feasibility Study” (hereafter referred to as “the Feasibility Study”) to examine the land, planning, traffic and engineering implications and its associated connecting road within Hong Kong territory for the LT/HYW BCP.  With evaluation of a number of alternative options, the Feasibility Study (FS) put forward a preferred layout of the LT/HYW BCP and preferred alignment of the LT/HYW BCP connecting road. 

On 18 September 2008, at the second meeting of the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Joint Task Force on Boundary District Development, the two Governments endorsed the major findings of the Joint Study and jointly announced to implement the LT/HYW BCP after the meeting on the following basis:

(a)             The LT/HYW BCP would adopt the separate-location model but design of the BCP should maximize convenience to users including the construction of an integrated passenger hall over the Shenzhen River;

(b)             The LT/HYW BCP on Hong Kong side would require resumption and resite of Chuk Yuen Village;

(c)             The connecting road with the LT/HYW BCP on Hong Kong side would adopt the alignment leading to Tolo/Fanling Highway in the eastern direction; and

(d)             The design and construction of the LT/HYW BCP should be packaged with the improvement works of Liantang section of the Shenzhen River.

Mott MacDonald Hong Kong Ltd. (MMHK) was commissioned by the Civil Engineering and Development Department (CEDD) on 24 April 2009 under Agreement No. CE 45/2008 (CE) to provide professional services to address issues related to the planning, design and construction of the Project and to work out details of the Project to an extent to enable CEDD to take forward the Project to the detailed design and construction stages.

1.3               Project Alignment

The Project consists of two main components, construction of a BCP; and construction of a connecting road alignment.

The proposed BCP is located at the boundary with Shenzhen near the existing Chuk Yuen Village. The site will be comprised of a main passenger building with passenger and cargo processing facilities and associated customs, transport and ancillary facilities. Connection to Shenzhen side will be via several bridges over the Shenzhen River.

The connecting road alignment consists of six main sections:

1.              Lin Ma Hang to Frontier Closed Area (FCA) Boundary  – this section comprises at-grade and viaducts and includes the improvement works at Lin Ma Hang Road;

2.              Ping Yeung to Wo Keng Shan – this section stretches from the Frontier Closed Area Boundary   to the tunnel portal at Cheung Shan and comprises at-grade and viaducts including an interchange at Ping Yeung;

3.              North Tunnel – this section comprises the tunnel segment at Cheung Shan and includes a ventilation building at the portals on either end of the tunnel;

4.              Sha Tau Kok Road – this section stretches from the tunnel portal at Wo Keng Shan to the tunnel portal south of Loi Tung and comprises at-grade and viaducts including an interchange at Sha Tau Kok and an administration building;