12A.1  KTN Schedule 2 DP 1, 2, 3 and 4 (Package A)

The following section presents the assessment of DPs 1, 2, 3 and 4 only; see Table 12.16.2 for details of how each package has been divided.

The components of DP Package A are summarised in Table 12A1.1 below.

Table 12A.1.1 - Schedule 2 DP Package A

DP Package A

1

San Tin Highway and Fanling Highway Kwu Tung Section Widening (between San Tin Interchange)

 

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road.

2

Castle Peak Road Diversion (Major Improvement)

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road.

3

KTN NDA Road P1 and P2 (New Road) and associated new Kwu Tung Interchange (New Road) and Pak Shek Au Interchange Improvement  (Major Improvement)

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road.

4

KTN NDA Road D1 to D5 (New Road)

 

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road.

 

12A.2  Review of Planning and Development Control Framework

This section provides an overview of the HKSAR Government’s development intentions, statutory land-use and planning within the Study Areas, specifically from landscape and visual standpoints.  It considers relevant, published studies, such as HK2030 Study, OZPs, and DPA Plans.  This information has been considered in relation to the relevant revised RODP of the NDAs and their Layout Plans with the aim of assessing whether the DP can fit into the surrounding setting. 

During public consultations people were noted to be specifically concerned about the landscape and visual impacts of noise barrier construction; some people also suggest maximising the greening opportunities.  The planning proposal for the NDAs which includes the Schedule 2 DPs therefore aims to minimise the area requiring noise barriers and maximise the greening opportunities to reduce potential landscape and visual impacts.

12A2.1    Design measures adopted within the Schedule 2 Designated Projects

The Schedule 2 DPs form the key infrastructure developments to support the future development and population growth within the KTN and FLN NDAs.  KTN and FLN NDAs will provide a mix of housing types as well as basic infrastructure and community facilities.  The development opportunities and constraints of the Schedule 2 DPs are presented in Section 2.4.1, these have informed the development and consideration of alternative infrastructure options.  A summary of the key design rationale for each project is provided below:

DP1 - San Tin Highway / Fanling Highway Kwu Tung Section Widening (between San Tin Interchange and Po Shek Wu Interchange) (Major Improvement) and DP2 Castle Peak Road Diversion

The existing San Tin Highway/ Fanling Highway between San Tin Interchange is anticipated to reach its design capacity by 2029.  In order to sustain the future traffic growth from the development in Northern New Territories, it is proposed to widen the concerned portion from dual 3-lane to dual 4-lane configuration.  The alterations to the highway will impact on the alignment of Castle Peak Road which runs parallel to the highway and will require realignment works.

The total length of the route affected is just over 4km and includes five pedestrian over bridges, construction of noise barriers almost along the entire route including two fully enclosed noise barriers.  The location and type of noise barriers are shown on Figure 12.51.5 to 10.

As a result of existing underground services, historic buildings, land uses (existing and planned) and protected trees (5no. Old and Valuable Trees) the alignment of the road has been adjusted to minimise conflict with these existing constraints.  The preferred design option maintains the five OVTs in their current locations by shifting the Tai Po direction carriageway further north so that the trees are kept within the future soft landscape median. The original dual 3-lane width will become the Yuen Long bound dual 4-lane carriageway and the other 4 lanes shifted to the north side of the trees.  The widened Fanling Highway will push north in the adjacent rural development areas.  The widened central median creates a substantial area for soft landscaping to assist with the integration of the widened highway, whilst securing the protection of the OVTs.

The expressway will also be very close to the old village houses at Yin Liu.  This arrangement will create a very wide central reserve along this section (maximum 27m wide and about 20,500 m² in area) and vast area of developable land (more than 1.5km long) in KTN NDA is taken off. 

The diverted Castle Peak Road has also been aligned specifically to avoid encroachment to the graded historic buildings of Enchi Lodge and the Earth God Shrine.

DP3 - KTN NDA Road P1 and P2 (New Road) and associated new Kwu Tung Interchange (New Road) and Pak Shek Au Interchange Improvement  (Major Improvement)

DP comprises two primary distributor roads (P1 and P2) which form interchange connections with the Fanling Highway to the east and west of KTN NDA.  The approximate length of each section is: Road P1 – 880m and P2 1050m (total 1.93km).  The works including four roundabouts, noise barriers, enclosed and semi-enclosed noise barriers, one pedestrian footbridge and one vehicle bridge crossing the Sheung Yue River.  Noise structures are detailed on Figures 12.51.5 to 10.

The western primary distributor road (Road P1) will branch off from the supplementary interchange near Pak Shek Au.  The alignment has been carefully selected to maximise the efficient use of land for housing development to the east, respect burial grounds to the west and avoid the existing Dongjiang water mains.  In this case alternative feasible options were not available and a single option is proposed. 

The interchange section with the Fanling Highway is intended to provide better accessibility to the NDA and anticipates the future development in LMC Loop.  The interchange configuration has been designed to minimise land requirement so that the requirement and extent of engineered structures can be reduced.  In addition the design allows the retention of the San Tin Roundabout to assist in reducing the overall disruption during construction.

The eastern dual 2-lane elevated primary distributor road (Road P2) branches off from the proposed Kwu Tung Interchange near Yin Kong, crossing Sheung Yue River and joins another proposed at-grade roundabout, which will become a major junction with the internal roads south of the Kwu Tung Station.  This design of this section is principally governed by sensitive air and noise receivers and to further ease pedestrian crossing the road by a link bridge. The alignment has been carefully selected to maximise the land area for housing development, taking into account the wider development constraints. 

The interchange section of this road is proposed as the major access from the Fanling Highway to KTN NDA.  Along the Fanling Highway section to the south of the NDA, there are many constraints to a new interchange or highway improvement works. Immediately south of the Fanling Highway and on the west side of Sheung Yue River, there are existing residential buildings (Europa Garden Phase 1 and Phase 2). Due to the limited space, it is not feasible to place the interchange along the section next to the development.  The Long Valley ecologically sensitive area is located to the east of Sheung Yue River; given this sensitivity no road will pass through or in close proximity of Long Valley.  Therefore it is proposed to locate the major interchange at about 400m east of Sheung Yue River, avoiding the Long Valley. It will be an elevated roundabout with slip roads connecting Fanling Highway in all direction movements. It is close to but does not affect the planned CDA zones on the two sides of the expressway. Buildings including the St. Paul’s House of Prayer on the both sides of this expressway section will not be affected. It is also at around 200m away from Yin Kong.

DP 4 - KTN NDA Road D1 to D5 (New Road)

The works involve just over 4km of new road infrastructure including one roundabout with pedestrian underpass, noise barriers, semi-enclosed and enclosed noise barriers.   Noise structures are detailed on Figures 12.51.5 to 10.  Five road sections form the DP; the approximate lengths of each section are: Road D1 – 525m, D2 – 810m, D3 – 925m, D4 - 895m and D5 – 850m. 

The distributor roads (Road D1 and D2) will provide direct connectivity between the diverted Castle Peak Road and KTN NDA.  The alignment has been developed in parallel to the revised RODP design and considers maximising the efficient use of the land area for housing development.  The northern distributor road (Road D3) will provide the east-west connectivity between the two primary distributor roads (P1 and P2).  Further north to the western primary distributor road, another district distributor road (Road D4) will gradually go downhill and passes under a 400kV power Over-head (Transmission) Lines (OHL).  Further north to the eastern primary distributor road, a district distributor road (Road D5) will gradually goes uphill and passes under a 400kV power OHL. The road generally follows the existing level.  Then it turns to the west and goes round the northern side of Fung Kong Shan, forming another junction near the Lo Wu Firing Range.  This junction connects with the possible road to the future developments in LMC Loop, and also acts as an entry point to KTN NDA from the north.

12A2.2    Existing Outline Zoning Plans (OZPs)

The review of the OZPs has included a study of the map information as well as the accompanying Notes and Explanatory Statements.  The DP sites and study areas have been superimposed onto existing OZPs and DPA Plans to determine the potential influence on the existing zoning.   The study areas and site boundaries for DPs 1, 2, 3, and 4 have been combined on Figure 12.50.1.

The KTN DPs 1, 2, 3 and 4 study areas are covered by the following OZP/DPA documents:

·         Approved Kwu Tung North OZP No. S/NE-KTN/8.

·         Approved Ma Tso Lung and Hoo Hok Wai Development Permission Area Plan No. DPA/NE-MTL/2.

·         Approved Ngau Tam Mei OZP No. S/YL-NTM/12.

·         Draft Kwu Tung South OZP No. S/NE-KTS/13.

 

Table 12A.2.1 summarises the areas of existing zoning types which will be directly affected by the site boundary of each DP.

Table 12A.2.1- Schedule 2 Designated Projects 1, 2, 3 and 4

Zoning Type

OZP/DPA number and extent of zoning within the site boundary that will undergo change (ha).

Comments on Major land use changes

DP1 - San Tin Highway and Fanling Highway Kwu Tung Section Widening (between San Tin Interchange)

Agriculture (AGR)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.8

Approximately 0.8ha of this zoning type will be modified to the west of Ying Kong on the north side of the Fanling Highway.

Industrial

(I)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.8

Approximately 0.8ha of this zoning will be modified to the east of the Home of Loving Faithfulness as it meets the Fanling Highway.

Green Belt (GB)

S/FSS/17

0.7

Approximately 0.7ha of this zoning will be modified on the southern periphery of Hak Ka Wai as it meets the Fanling Highway.

DP2 – Castle Peak Road Diversion

Agriculture (AGR)

S/NE-KTN/8

1.9

Approximately 1.9ha of this zoning type will be modified to the south of Pak Shek Au.

Industrial

(I)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.72

Approximately 0.72ha of this zoning will be modified to the south of Tong Kok.

Green Belt (GB)

S/NE-KTN/8

1.9

Approximately 1.9ha of this zoning will be modified to the west of Pak Shek Au as it meets the Fanling Highway.

Comprehensive Development Area (CDA)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.45

Approximately 0.45ha of this zoning will be modified to the east of Pak Shek Au.

Government / Institution / Community (GIC)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.06

Approximately 0.06ha of this zoning will be modified to the south of the Home of the Loving Faithfulness (Dills Corner), east of Ho Sheung Heung Road.

DP3 – KTN NDA Road P1 and P2 and associated new Kwu Tung Interchange and Pak Shek Au Interchange Improvement

Agriculture (AGR)

S/NE-KTN/8

2.4ha

Approximately 2.4ha of this zoning type will be modified within Pak Shek Au and east of Tong Kok.

Industrial

(I)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.3

Approximately 0.3ha of this zoning type will be modified to the west of Yin Kong.

Green Belt (GB)

S/NE-KTN/8

1.4

Approximately 1.4ha of this zoning type will be modified within Pak Shek Au and to the south of Ma Tso Lung landfill.

Comprehensive Development Area (CDA)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.8

Approximately 0.8ha of this zoning type will be modified to the east of Tong Kok.

Open Space (O)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.87

Approximately 0.87ha of this zoning type will be modified to the north of Pak Shek Au.

Open Storage (OS)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.9

Approximately 0.9ha of this zoning type will be modified between Fung Kong Shan and Tong Kok.

DP4 – KTN NDA Road D1 to D5

Agriculture (AGR)

S/NE-KTN/8

1.7

Approximately 1.7ha of this zoning type will be modified, concentrated around Fung Kong Shan and Tung Fong. 

Industrial

(I)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.5

Approximately 0.5ha of this zoning type will be modified to the south of Tong Kok and to the west of Tung Fong.

Green Belt (GB)

S/NE-KTN/8

1.2

Approximately 1.2ha of this zoning type will be modified, the majority of which is focused around Fong Kong Shan.

Open Storage (OS)

S/NE-KTN/8

3.8

Approximately 3.8 of this zoning type will be modified between Fung Kong Shan and Tong Kok.

Comprehensive Development Area (CDA)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.7

Approximately 0.7ha of this zoning type will be modified to the east of Pak Shek Au and east of Tong Kok.

Government / Institution / Community (GIC)

S/NE-KTN/8

0.3

Approximately 0.3ha of this zoning type associated the Community Sports area west of Tung Fong and a small area of land at the Home of the Loving Faithfulness (Dills Corner), east of Ho Sheung Heung Road.

 

12A2.3    Summary of land use changes

In summary, the DPs would modify a diversity of land uses throughout their alignment.  As a result of their linear nature these traverse numerous planning zones; whilst the overall area affected may not be large the alignment has potential to isolate small areas of the various land uses making them less viable.

In the case of land uses which have already been developed and would normally incorporate road functions such as Industrial, Open Storage and Other Specified Uses; it is considered that this change would be broadly compatible.

The principal conflicts are in relation to the loss of land zoned as Green Belt, Agriculture and Open Space where the impact of the construction works are considered to be largely irreversible.   All four DPs pass through these land use types to varying degrees, most of which are relatively small.

The works area for DP3 and DP4 would generate the majority of these conflicts as it passes through Pak Shek Au, Tong Kok and, Tung Fong and Fung Kong Shan areas.  The total loss of agricultural zoned land would amount to approximately 4.9ha and 2ha of Green Belt land.

12A.3  Landscape Baseline Conditions

According to the Study Brief (ESB-176/2008) baseline review comprises the identification of all existing LR and LCA within 500m of the DP boundaries.

The overall Study Area for all the DPs is generally natural and rural.  Complex LRs can be classified into different major categories, as follows:

LR1 – Channelised Water Course

LR2 – Water Course

LR3 – Water Pond

LR4 – Marsh/ Wetland

LR5 – Plantation

LR6 – Hillside Woodland

LR7 – Lowland Woodland

LR8 – Shrubland/ Grassland Mosaic

LR9 – Agricultural Land

LR10 – Open Space/ Recreational Area

LR11 – Urban Development Area

LR12 – Rural Development Area

LR13 – Industrial/ Open Storage

LR14 – Major Transportation Corridor

The LCAs in the study area are classified into major categories as follows:

LCA1 Natural Hillside Landscape

LCA2 Rural and Urban Peripheral Village Landscape

LCA3 Urban Development Landscape

LCA4 Industrial Landscape

LCA5 Lowland Agricultural Landscape

LCA6 Major Transportation Corridor Landscape

LCA7 Major Water Course Corridor Landscape

The landscape resources and landscape character areas of each NDA are described in further detail below, together with their sensitivity.

12A3.1    Broad Brush Tree Survey

A broad brush tree survey has been carried out within the study area which estimates that around 500 trees will be affected by the proposed development. Major tree species included Acacia confusa, Acacia auriculiformis, Araucaria heterophylla, Bauhinia blakeana, Bombax ceiba, Cassia siamea, Celtis sinensis, Cinnamomum camphora, Clausena lansium, Citrus maxima, Dimocarpus longan, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Ficus virens, Ficus microcarpa, Litchi chinensis, Leucaena leucocephala, Macaranga tanarius, Mangifera indica, and Melaleuca quinquenervia. Many trees are found in the foothills of the natural upland, as well as the rural fringe in between different villages and they are generally mature. 

A detailed Tree Felling Application process will be carried out at a later detailed design stage, to finalise tree treatment and allocate compensatory planting areas including available open space, parks and streetscape.

There are five Old and Valuable Trees (OVTs) found in the Study Area, all in KTN (ref. No. LCSD/ N45, LCSD/ N47, LCSD/ N49, LCSD/ N50, LCSD/ N51) and their locations are illustrated in Figure 12.51.9.

 

12A3.2    DP Package A Baseline Landscape Resources and Landscape Character Areas

The baseline LRs and LCAs of KTN DPs 1, 2, 3 and 4 are detailed along with their sensitivity in Table 12A.3.1 and 12A.3.2; figures presenting this information are set out below:

·         Figure  12.51.1 presents LRs.

·         Figures 12.51.5 to 11 presents LRs enlarged plan versions.

·         Figures 12.51.30 to 41 for representative images of LRs.

·         Figure  12.52.1 presents LCAs.

·         Figures 12.52.5 to 6 for representative images of LCAs.

 


Table 12A.3.1 - Landscape Resources and their Sensitivity- KTN NDA (DP1, 2, 3 and 4)

Id. No.

Landscape Resource (LR)

Quality & Maturity
(High/ Medium/ Low)

Rarity
(High/ Medium/ Low)

Ability to Accommodate Change
(High/
Medium/ Low)

Sensitivity
(High/
Medium/ Low)

KLR 1 – Channelised Water Course

Refers to modified water courses channelised with concrete or grasscrete, or with gabion-fortified banks, or water courses undergoing such channelisation.  This LR includes both large channelised river water courses as well as some much smaller concrete lined water courses associated with agricultural land.  This LR also includes some walkways along the larger water course and the vegetation associated with the water course, both within the channel and along the banks as well as the ridge of the banks.  The vegetation mainly consists of grasses and shrubs, but also includes trees in some areas as detailed further in the individual LR descriptions. 

Within the Study Area of KTN NDA (DP1, 2, 3 and 4) this LR includes sections of Shek Sheung River, Sheung Yue River, San Tin Eastern Main Drainage Channel and main channel along Castle Peak Road and Lok Ma Chau Road. This LR is one of the prominent features within the landscape.

1.2

Shek Sheung River

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

Shek Sheung River collects water from the south and flows north, joining Sheung Yue River west of Sheung Shui Slaughter House.  There is also a branch that splits from Ng Tung River and flows round the Shek Wu Hui Sewage Treatment Works to the south but this is mainly dry and a flood protection measure.  This LR is mainly a grasscrete lined, trapezoidal channel, formed for the purpose of flood protection in Kwu Tung and Fanling areas.  Water partially dries out during the dry season and there are small water channels at the base of the channel when water flow is low, with grass on either side.

A small section of this river flows through the eastern corner of Long Valley, where it is a narrow channel.  There are grasses and shrubs along the river’s embankment, as well as trees planted along both sides in many sections of the river. The dominant tree species are exotic, including Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia confusa and Leucaena leucocephala. Native trees of lower abundance can also be found, e.g. Celtis sinensis, Cinnamomum camphora, Cleistocalyx operculatus and Sapium sebiferum.

Overall this river has medium amenity value and is reasonably capable of accommodating change.  Its sensitivity is therefore considered to be medium.

1.3

Sheung Yue River

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

Sheung Yue River runs across Long Valley from southwest to northeast where it joins Shek Sheung River before flowing into Ng Tung River. This river drains water in Ho Sheung Heung and Shek Tsai Leng to the west and Yin Kong and Tsung Pak Long to the east.  Its banks are fortified with a rigid lining of stone masonry among which grasses grow sparsely between the stone blocks.  At ground level, planted trees are found along both sides of the river.  Most of the dominant trees are exotic, including species such as Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia confusa and Leucaena leucocephala.  Other trees include the native species Cordia dichotoma, Ficus virens and Macaranga tanarius.

This river is reasonably capable of accommodating change and its sensitivity is considered to be medium. 

1.4

Water Course Network in Long Valley

Medium

Low

High

Medium

This LR describes a network of waterways in the Long Valley area which eventually connect and flow into a box culvert near the Kwu Tung Road junction with Castle Peak Road.  The watercourses are mainly vertically-sided concrete channels constructed for irrigation purposes with limited vegetation.  The riparian vegetation that does exist comprises common and widespread herb species. 

This LR has a reasonable ability to accommodate change, being a man-made network of water channels, but overall it is vital to the Long Valley agricultural area for irrigation and its sensitivity is considered to be medium. 

1.5

San Tin Eastern MDC

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

San Tin Eastern Main Drainage Channel runs along the west side of San Sham Road form Castle Peak Road to Shenzhen River. It drains water in the low-lying areas at the east of San Tin and Ki Lun Tsuen to the north. The channel is grasscrete banked and trapezoidal in section for the purpose of flood protection. Water partially dries out during the dry season and there is small water channel at the base of the main channel when water flow is low, with grass on either side. Plantation trees scattered along the upper banks include Acacia confuse and Celtis sinensis.

This river is reasonably capable of accommodating change and its sensitivity is considered to be medium.

KLR 2 – Water Course

Refers to natural or semi-natural water courses, including short sections with concreted banks.  This LR also includes vegetation associated with the water course, both within the streams and along the banks as well as in the immediate vicinity.  The vegetation mainly consists of grasses and shrubs, but also includes trees in some areas such as the upland streams, as detailed further in the individual LR descriptions.  The vegetation often provides a subtle transition between this LR and its surrounding LR(s). 

Within the Study Area this LR includes watercourses running between different rural areas and villages, incorporating streams running off Ki Lun Shan, near Fung Kong, Shek Tsai Leng, Chau Tau, Pak Shek Au, Ngau Tei and around Kwu Tung itself. 

2.1

Natural Streams in Kwu Tung

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

These streams, connecting with the Sheung Yue River, are located centrally within the Study Area.  They pass through villages including Fung Kong, Tung Fong, Tong Kok, Shek Tsai Leng and south of Ho Sheung Heung.  The upstream section is natural but has been degraded by pollution, with seasonal flows and heavily vegetated stream banks, overgrown with common grass species such as Bidens alba and Pennisetum spp.  Other sections of these streams are fortified by concrete banks with grey water flowing.

This LR is relatively intolerant to change and its sensitivity is considered to be medium.

2.3

Natural Streams at Ki Lun Shan

Medium

Medium

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

These natural streams run off Ki Lun Shan and flow down to the lowland area in the south of KTN NDA Study Area. One of the streams passes through Valais.  They are not perennial streams and flow decreases and ceases during the dry season.  Common grasses such as Alocasia odora, Wedelia trilobata and Panicum maximum grow abundantly along the banks.

This LR is relatively intolerant to change and its sensitivity is considered to be high.

2.4

Natural Streams at Ma Tso Lung

High

Medium

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR describes natural streams running off Ma Tso Lung to the lowland area in Ma Tso Lung San Tsuen in the northwest of KTN NDA Study Area. Riparian plants included fruit trees (i.e. Dimocarpus longan and Litchi chinensis) and native understory species (e.g. Lophatherm gracile and Alocasia odora) and the riparian vegetation is dominated by the exotic climber species Mikania micrantha and herb species Bidens alba and Alocasia macrorhizos. The section at Ma Tso Lung is regarded as ecologically important due to its naturalness and well developed bank area.

This LR is relatively intolerant to change and its sensitivity is considered to be high.

KLR 3 – Water Pond

Refers to freshwater ponds.  The ponds are often associated with agricultural land and used for irrigation, and punctuate the traditional field pattern.  Some ponds are also found near residential or developed areas and have aesthetic, landscape value and some are fish ponds.  This LR also includes vegetation associated with the ponds, both within and around the banks as well as in the immediate vicinity.  The vegetation mainly consists of grasses and shrubs, with scattered trees.

The main locations of these water ponds within the Study Area of DP1, 2, 3 and 4 include both foothill and lowland areas and are most concentrated in Ho Sheung Heung, Long Valley and Chau Tau.

3.1

Ho Sheung Heung Water Ponds

Medium

Medium

Low

High

This LR is located within Ho Sheung Heung agricultural land and forms part of a relatively large continuous area of water ponds although most of these sit outside the Study Area.  These ponds retain water most of the time including both the dry and wet seasons.  The bunds of these ponds are vegetated by grasses and low shrubs, as well as some fruit trees such as Musa x paradisiaca, Litchi chinensis, Mangifera indica, Dimocarpus longan and Citrus maxima.    

The ponds in this area are of medium quality with common fruit trees and are relatively intolerant to change.  The sensitivity of this LR is considered to be high.

3.2

Long Valley Water Pond

Medium

Medium

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR is located within Long Valley agricultural land.  Water in the pond is usually full in the wet season and periodically pumped out by local farmers during the dry season for management purposes and irrigation.  Grasses grow along their banks and provide a subtle transition between this LR and its surrounding agricultural land.

Overall these ponds are relatively intolerant to change and their sensitivity is high.

3.3

Fung Kong Shan Water Ponds

Low

Medium

Low

Medium

The ponds of this LR are located at the foot of Fung Kong Shan, to the west and east of Ma Tso Lung Road.  They are isolated water ponds and store rainwater in both the wet and dry seasons but appear to be mainly abandoned.  Dense grasses and shrubs grow in their immediate vicinity, as well as the Palm species Roystonea regia and some fruit trees such as Litchi chinensis and Dimocarpus longan. 

The quality and significance of this LR is relatively low, but it is relatively intolerant to change. Its sensitivity is therefore considered as medium.

3.5

Water Ponds beside Kam Hang Road

Medium

Medium

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

The ponds of this LR are located along Kam Hang Road and surrounded by villages and some agricultural land.  They generally share a similar appearance and condition to the Long Valley water ponds (KLR-3.2) and water is sometimes pumped out during the dry season.  The bunds and some areas with shallow water are vegetated by grasses and low shrubs. 

Overall these ponds have medium amenity value and are relatively intolerant to change. This LR’s sensitivity is considered to be high.

3.6

Water Ponds at Pak Shek Au

Low

Medium

Low

Medium

These are relatively small and isolated ponds at Pak Shek Au just north of the Fanling Highway in a small area of agricultural land now largely bordered by industrial land or open storage use.  The ponds were most likely used for irrigation purposes serving the surrounding farmland in the past and have now been abandoned.  Grasses and climbers overgrow their banks and their surfaces are largely covered in duckweed.

This LR has low landscape quality with its limited size and overgrown vegetation but it is relatively intolerant to change.  Its sensitivity is medium.

3.7

Water Ponds at Tit Hang

Low

Medium

Low

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

These are two small water ponds located at Tit Hang.  Grasses and climbers overgrow their banks and are present in their immediate vicinity, while much of the water surface on one of the ponds in particular is covered in duckweed.

This LR has low landscape quality and small area but it is relatively intolerant to change.  Its sensitivity is medium.

3.9

Kam Tsin Tsuen Pond

Low

Medium

Medium

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

The pond of this LR is associated with Kam Tsin Tsuen.  It has manmade, stone banks with no vegetation and is fenced off from the surrounding walkway. 

This pond is relatively tolerant to change and its sensitivity is considered to be medium.

3.11

Chau Tau Tsuen Water Ponds

Medium

Medium

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

The ponds of this LR are small in scale associated with Chau Tau Tsuen. The bunds are vegetated by grasses and low shrubs, as well as some trees. They are normally full in the wet season and periodically pumped out by local farmers during the dry season for irrigation.

Overall these ponds have medium amenity value and are relatively intolerant to change. This LR’s sensitivity is considered to be high.

KLR 4 – Marsh/ Wetland

Refers to freshwater marsh/ wetland landscape resources, often found at old river meanders which have been truncated during river channelisation and retraining, overgrown with herbaceous vegetation and often with some areas of seasonal or permanent open water.  This LR also includes wetland areas along natural streams around Ma Tso Lung as well as areas that were once ponds but have not been actively managed for a long time.

Within the Study Area, this LR is found in Long Valley, along the channelised water courses.

4.1

Marshes in Long Valley

Medium

High

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR is generally located in the middle of Long Valley agricultural land, including both permanent wet marshes and well vegetated marshes.  For the permanent wet marshes, they used to be fish ponds or used for irrigation purposes and have now been abandoned and are not actively managed.  Dense emergent vegetation is present in these marshes and shows relatively high diversity including Phragmites karka, sedges Cyperus iria and Kyllinga aromatica, and herbs and climbers Ipomoea aquatica, Polygonum barbatum and Polygonum lapathifolium.  For the well vegetated marshes, a large portion of the wetland area is covered with rich and moist topsoil, colonised by common and widespread species such as Brachiaria mutica, Panicum maximum, Bidens alba, Ludwigia perennis and the Common Wetland Fern Cyclosorus interruptus. 

This LR is fairly rare and is relatively intolerant to change and its sensitivity is considered to be high.

4.2

Mitigation Wetland

Medium

High

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

Several plots of marsh are located along the Sheung Yue River that borders the Long Valley agricultural land.  They were formerly meanders of the river and were isolated during the river channelisation.  To mitigate the ecological impact resulting from channelisation, these areas are now managed by a government department to provide marsh habitat, mainly for wetland dependent wildlife.  As part of the habitat management, wetland plants and riparian vegetation have been planted.  These plants include Commelina diffusa, Hedychium coronarium, Ludwigia perennis and Nelumbo nucifera.  Bamboos and trees are also planted along the bunds, e.g. Acacia auriculiformis, Cinnamomum camphora, Hibiscus tiliaceus and Ilex rotunda.

Mitigation habitats are fairly rare in Hong Kong and additionally, this LR is relatively intolerant to change.  Its sensitivity is considered to be high.

KLR 5 – Plantation

Refers to medium sized and larger clusters of trees that have been planted and are distinct from natural woodland since they have been planted by man.  Common tree species in this LR include native (Ficus microcarpa, Celtis sinensis, Cinnamomum camphora and Macaranga tanarius) and exotic species (Acacia confusa, Casuarina equisetifolia and Melaleuca quinquenervia) and further details are given in the individual LR descriptions.

Within the Study Area this LR includes patches of plantation to the south of Fanling Highway, in the vicinity of Hak Ka Wai and Wai Loi Tsuen.  The roadside vegetation associated with this LR also includes five (5) OVTs as classified by the Leisure, Culture and Services Department (LCSD) and protected by technical circular ETWB TCW No.29/2004.  They are all located along Castle Peak Road (ref. No. LCSD/ N45, LCSD/ N47, LCSD/ N49, LCSD/ N50, LCSD/ N51) and the trees species are all Melaleuca quinquenervia

5.1

Plantation South of Fanling Highway

High

Medium

Medium

Medium

This LR mainly includes two plantation patches.  One is close to the Sheung Yue River and is currently managed by a government department as one of the mitigation measures for the ecological impacts arising from the river channelisation.  Trees in this plantation area are fairly mature, including mainly planted exotic species (Acacia confusa and Casuarina equisetifolia).  Other species in lower abundance include exotic species (Melaleuca quinquenervia) and native species (Celtis sinensis and Macaranga tanarius).  The other patch of dense plantation is found just north of Hong Kong Golf Club and trees commonly recorded in this area include native (Cinnamomum camphora, Ficus virens and Macaranga tanarius) and exotic species (Acacia confusa, Bombax ceiba,  Melaleuca quinquenervia and Leucaena leucocephala).

Trees in this LR are dense and mature, providing a relatively high landscape value.  However, it is a man-made resource and is able to be recreated reasonably easily meaning it has a high capacity to accommodate change.  Its sensitivity is therefore considered to be medium.

5.2

Plantation in the Vicinity of Hak Ka Wai

Medium

Medium

High

Medium

This area of plantation is largely associated with the narrow Sheung Yue River channel and the villages of Hak Ka Wai and Tsung Pak Long, including in their playground areas and public facilities.  This plantation generally comprises exotic tree species dominated by Acacia confusa. Other species of lower abundance include exotic species (Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia mangium, Araucaria heterophylla, Casuarina equisetifolia, Livistona chinensis and Leucaena leucocephala) and native species (Cinnamomum camphora, Ficus microcarpa, Macaranga tanarius).

This LR has a relatively high capacity to accommodate change and its sensitivity is considered to be medium.

5.4

Old and Valuable Trees (OVT) Castle Peak Road

High

High

Low

High

This LR refers to OVTs found in the roadside planting along Fanling Highway and Castle Peak Road.  There are five (5) OVTs as classified by the Leisure, Culture and Services Department (LCSD) and protected by technical circular ETWB TCW No.29/2004. They are all located nearest to Castle Peak Road and reference numbers are. No. LCSD/ N45, LCSD/ N47, LCSD/ N49, LCSD/ N50, LCSD/ N51).  All the trees species are Melaleuca quinquenervia of unknown ages, registered in September 2004 and last inspected in August 2012. 

LCSD/ N45, LCSD/ N47, LCSD/ N50, and LCSD/ N51 all have ‘large size’ as their special characteristic, reaching between 15-18 m in height, 1130-1280 mm diameter at breast height (DBH) and 9-16 m crown spread. LCSD/ N49 is listed as having ‘outstanding form’ as its special characteristic and is 15 m high with a DBH of 670 mm and a crown spread of 8 m. 

This LR has a low capacity to accommodate change and its sensitivity is considered to be high.

KLR 6 – Hillside Woodland

Refers to woodland areas largely scattered over hillsides, including at the base of hills and associated patches of woodland.  This LR is predominantly composed of native tree species and is generally located some distance from human activities and hence disturbance (except at the base of hills where it often borders rural development areas where there is human activity), growing naturally with some understorey vegetation.  It can include areas of Fung Shui Woodland growing in hillsides in the vicinity of villages as detailed in the individual descriptions.  Common tree species in this LR include Macaranga tanarius, Leucaena leucocephala, Celtis sinensis and Ficus microcarpa.  Further details are given in the individual LR descriptions.

Within the Study Area of the KTN NDA (DP1, 2, 3 and 4), this LR is found at the hillsides of Ki Lun Shan, Tit Hang, Fung Kong Shan as well as northwest of Ho Sheung Heung.

6.1

Ki Lun Shan Hillside Woodland

High

Medium

Low

High

This LR lies on the northern foothills of Ki Lun Shan, bordering shrubland/ grassland on the higher ground above and rural villages and lowland woodland in the lowland area below.  Due to limited human disturbance, these trees are mature, medium to large in size and growing on hillsides including the foothills.  Dominant tree species include Celtis sinensis, Ficus microcarpa and Macaranga tanarius. 

This LR is considered to be relatively mature and of high quality and it has little capacity to tolerate change.  The sensitivity of this LR is considered to be high.

6.2

Tai Shek Mo Hillside Woodland

High

Medium

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

Several small patches of woodland are scattered among the foothills of Tai Shek Mo.  Dominant species include exotic trees Acacia confusa and Casuarina equisetifolia as well as native trees Celtis sinensis, Cinnamomum camphora, Ficus microcarpa and Macaranga tanarius.

This LR is considered to be relatively mature and of high quality and it has little capacity to tolerate change.  The sensitivity of this LR is considered to be high.

6.3

Hillside Woodland in Ma Tso Lung, Tit Hang and Fung Kong

High

Medium

Low

High

This LR refers to the narrow, winding and largely continuous patches of woodland in the hillside areas of Ma Tso Lung, Tit Hang and Fung Kong.  Woodlands in these areas predominantly border uphill shrubland/ grassland areas and lowland woodlands, and sometimes adjoin rural and industrial areas.  Due to limited human disturbance, these trees are mature ranging from medium to large sizes.  Dominant tree species include both native and exotic ones.  Dominant native trees are Ficus hispida, Cinnamomum camphora, Rhus succedanea, Celtis sinensis, Ficus microcarpa and Macaranga tanarius.  Dominant exotic species include Melaleuca quinquenervia, Leucaena leucocephala, Melia azedarach, Acacia confusa and Casuarina equisetifolia. 

This LR is considered to be relatively mature and of high quality and it has little capacity to tolerate change.  The sensitivity of this LR is considered to be high.

6.4

Ho Sheung Heung Fung Shui Woodland

High

High

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

Ho Sheung Heung Fung Shui Woodland is bound by Ho Sheung Heung Road, Ho Sheung Heung Pai Fung Road and Chung Kuk Path and covers a small hill.  It used to be a complete area of woodland with continuous canopy but has been fragmented by recent hill fires.  Grasses and shrubs have now colonised the exposed areas to connect the woodland patches.  Apart from Aquilaria sinensis, a species of conservation interest, other typical Fung Shui Woodland trees are also found, such as Garcinia oblongifolia, Sterculia lanceolata and Litsea glutinosa. Other dominant trees include native species Celtis sinensis, Ficus microcarpa, Ficus hispida, Macaranga tanarius, Bischofia javanica, Cinnamomum camphora, Microcos paniculata and Schefflera heptaphylla and exotic species Acacia confusa, Bombax ceiba, Dimocarpus longan and Melia azedarach of medium to large sizes.

This Fung Shui Woodland has high amenity and cultural value and is intolerant to change.  Its sensitivity is considered to be high.

KLR 7 – Lowland Woodland

Refers to woodland growing on low lying ground (generally <40 mPD), often found near rural village areas in small, fragmented patches, with differing tree species according to the location.  This LR can be found in patches within areas of human activity and also includes some Fung Shui Woodland of particular cultural importance, located adjacent to certain villages as detailed in the individual descriptions.  Common plant species in this LR include Acacia confusa, Celtis sinensis, Cinnamomum camphora, Leucaena leucocephala and Macaranga tanarius.  Further details are given in the individual LR descriptions.

Within the Study Area  this LR includes woodlands in lowland areas in Ki Lun Shan, Kam Tsin, Pak Shek Au, Shek Tsai Leng, Tai Tau Leng and North District Hospital.

7.1

Kwu Tung South Road Lowland Woodland

High

Medium

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR refers to a small patch of woodland near the intersection of Kwu Tung Road and Kwu Tung South Road.  It is associated with the residential buildings in the lowland area but has a similar plant species composition to the Ki Lun Shan Hillside vegetation.  The dominant species include exotic species (Acacia confusa and Leucaena leucocephala) and native species (Celtis sinensis, Cinnamomum camphora and Macaranga tanarius). 

This LR is considered to be relatively nature and of high quality with relatively little capacity to tolerate change.  The sensitivity of this LR is high.

7.2

Lowland Woodland in the Vicinity of Kam Tsin

Medium

Medium

Low

High

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR is found in several patches in the vicinity of Kam Tsin area, including the woodlands surrounding Casas Domingo and Ascot Park.  Woodlands within this LR are in close proximity to residential and recreational areas and therefore potentially suffer disturbance from human activities lowering their quality.  This LR also includes a small patch of Fung Shui woodland bordered by Kam Tsin road and Kam Tsin South Road to the west and Kam Tsin village to the east.  It includes a number of large Cinnamomum camphora and Dimocarpus longan trees.  Elsewhere the dominant species include both native (Ficus microcarpa, Cinnamomum camphora, Macaranga tanarius and Celtis sinensis) and exotic (Acacia confusa, Acacia auriculiformis, Averrhoa carambola, Bombax ceiba, Leucaena leucocephala and Dimocarpus longan) species.  

This LR is relatively intolerant to change and its sensitivity is considered to be high.

7.3

Lowland Woodland in Pak Shek Au and Tong Kok

High

Medium

Low

High

This LR refers to the lowland woodlands at Pak Shek Au and Tong Kok, north of Fanling Highway.  These woodlands are largely surrounded by adjacent industrial/ open storage areas and therefore potentially suffer from disturbance by human activities.  This LR also includes an old developed area west of Dills Corner that has now become completely overgrown with woodland. 

The trees in this woodland are of medium to large sizes, and are dominated by both native and exotic species. The most abundant native species include Ficus microcarpa, Bischofia javanica, Cinnamomum camphora, and Macaranga tanarius, while exotic species include Acacia confusa, Bombax ceiba, Dimocarpus longan, Delonix regia, Averrhoa carambola, Casuarina equisetifolia, Chukrasia tabularis, Leucaena leucocephala and Spathodea campanulata.

This LR has a medium to high amenity value and a low capacity to tolerate change and it sensitivity is considered to be high.

7.6

Lowland Woodland near Tai Tau Leng

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR refers to a small patch of woodland located near Tai Tau Ling. This woodland patch is largely surrounded by adjacent industrial/ open storage areas and therefore potentially suffered from disturbance by human activities making this resource of lower quality than would normally be expected. Common tree species include Leucaena leucocephala, Acacia confuse and Cinnamomum camphora.

This is a landscape resource of medium quality and has a medium tolerance to change, making its sensitivity medium.

7.7

Lowland Woodland  at North District Hospital

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR refers to the small patch of woodland located at North District Hospital. This woodland patches are largely surrounded by residential area and GIC area. Human disturbance is medium. Main species include Leucaena leucocephala, Macaranga tanarius, Acacia confuse, Aleurites moluccana, Ficus microcarpa.

This LR has a medium amenity value and medium tolerance to change. Its sensitivity is considered to be medium.

KLR 8 – Shrubland/ Grassland Mosaic

Refers to a mosaic of shrubland and grassland which is usually large in size and uniform in appearance.  This LR is typical of the fire-maintained hill-slopes in Hong Kong and common species include grasses such as Imperata koenigii, Neyraudia reynaudiana, Bidens alba, Panicum maximum and Miscanthus spp., fern Dicranopteris pedata and shrubs Baeckea frutescens, Breynia fruticosa, Litsea rotundifolia var. oblongifolia and Rhaphiolepis indica. 

Within the Study Area of KTN NDA (DP1, 2, 3 and 4), this LR is found mainly on hillsides, particularly on the upper areas of Fung Kong Shan, Ki Lun Shan, Tai Shek Mo and the Western Range Foothills.  

8.1

Ki Lun Shan Shrubland/ Grassland Mosaic

Medium

Low

Medium

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This resource is located on the uplands of Ki Lun Shan and comprises an extensive area.  It borders woodlands at the foothills.  It is one of the prominent landscape features in the study area and is maintained by periodical hill fires.

This LR can re-establish itself fairly easily and is therefore considered to be relatively tolerant to change.  Its sensitivity is medium.

8.2

Fung Kong Shan Shrubland/ Grassland Mosaic

Medium

Low

Medium

Medium

This resource is located on the uphill of Fung Kong Shan.  It borders some woodland at the foothills as well as rural development areas.  It is maintained by periodic hill fires.

This LR can re-establish itself fairly easily and is therefore considered to be relatively tolerant to change.  Its sensitivity is medium.

8.3

Shrubland/ Grassland Mosaic in Tai Shek Mo and the Western Range Foothills

Medium

Low

Medium

Medium

This LR is an extensive area of shrubby grassland on the uplands of Tai Shek Mo and the foothills of the Western Ranges covering Ma Tso Lung.  It largely merges into hillside woodland in at the foothills and is sometimes adjacent to some rural and urban development areas.  Similar to the other hilly shrubland/ grassland in Hong Kong, this LR is also maintained by periodical hill fires.

This LR can re-establish itself fairly easily and is therefore considered to be relatively tolerant to change.  Its sensitivity is medium.

8.4

Shrubland/ Grassland Mosaic along Sheung Yue River and Fanling Highway

Low

Low

High

Low

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

These shrublands /grasslands are all located in lowland areas and in the vicinity of artificial resources such as channelised watercourses and highways.  They are waste grounds through lack of maintenance and have been gradually colonised by weeds and climbers.

This LR is of low landscape value and amenity and is relatively tolerant to change.   Its sensitivity is low.

KLR 9 - Agricultural Land

Refers to land used for agriculture including crops and orchards as well as ornamental plant nurseries.  This LR contains a small number of structures such as small irrigation ponds, green houses, equipment sheds and small/ narrow hard paved access paths.  It not only contains agricultural vegetation but also some scattered non-agricultural vegetation including some shrubs and trees.  It is often an intermediary between areas of development and natural areas.

Within the Study Area this LR is mainly found in Long Valley, Tong Kok, Tung Fong and Chau Tau.

9.1

Long Valley Agricultural Land

High

High

Low

High

This LR in Long Valley consists mainly of wet agriculture and includes both active and inactive fields.  Common wetland crops in Long Valley include Ipomoea aquatica and Nasturtium officinale, with some fields cultivated with Eleocharis dulcis, Oryza sativa and Trapa bispinosa.  Water lily (Nymphaea sp.) and Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) are also cultivated in some ponds with shallow water.  Dry land crops include Aloe vera var. chinensis, Allium tuberosum, Brassica chinensis, and Lactuca sativa.  Fruit trees are present along field bunds including Dimocarpus longan, Litchi chinensis and Magnifera indica.

This LR in Long Valley is of good quality and high significance in terms of crop production and being a large contiguous area of agriculture in Hong Kong.  Although agricultural land per se is fairly easy to re-establish given the right environment, given the size of this LR and lack of similar areas in Hong Kong, it is relatively intolerant to change and its sensitivity is high.

9.3

Agricultural Lands in Shek Tsai Leng, Tong Kok and Fung Kong

Low

Low

Medium

Medium

These agricultural lands scattered in the centre of the study area of KTN are associated with the villages in Shek Tsai Leng, Tong Kok and Fung Kong, where they are surrounded by industrial or open storage areas.  Most of the agricultural lands within this area are abandoned with weeds and invasive trees (e.g. Leucaena leucocephala) beginning to colonise the land and turning it to wasteland.  In some locations, common vegetable plants, such as Lactuca sativa, are still found being cultivated in the small areas of farmland that are still active.

This LR is mostly abandoned and does not have high value in terms of crop production but does provide some green space between the hard surfaces of industrial/open storage areas or rural development areas.  Agricultural land is fairly easy to re-establish within the right environment, and is relatively tolerant to change but given the greening element amongst an area where there is a lot of industrial/ open storage LR, overall this LR is considered to have medium sensitivity.

9.4

Other Agricultural Lands in KTN & KTS

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

 

This LR refers to several small and fragmented agricultural lands in different locations within the study area of KTN, including Chau Tau Tsuen, Pak Shek Au, Yin Kong, Kam Tsin and Tai Tau Leng.  Most of these agricultural lands have been wholly or partly abandoned and grass and shrubs now grow in the fields.  For those fields remaining active, common crops cultivated by farmers include Brassica parachinensis and Lactuca sativa. 

This LR has medium value in terms of crop production and is relatively tolerant to change.  It is considered to have medium sensitivity.

9.5

Other Orchards Areas in KTN & KTS

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR refers to several small and fragmented orchard areas in different locations within the study area of KTN & KTS, including around the Ma Tso Lung area and west of Fanling Golf Course.  Common fruit trees in this LR include Musa x paradisiaca, Artocarpus macrocarpon, Mangifera indica and Dimocarpus longan, where the fruit trees present include Artocarpus macrocarpon, Dimocarpus longan and Carica papaya.  Not all these orchard areas are still well looked after and some have been left untreated for a while. 

This LR has medium value in terms of crop production and being agricultural is relatively tolerant to change although trees generally take longer to grow and produce than crops so ability to accommodate change is medium.  Overall this LR is considered to have medium sensitivity.

KLR 10 - Open Space/ Recreation Area

Refers to areas that provide recreational use either in the form of playground areas, sports pitches, passive recreation parks or sitting out spaces. There is vegetation associated with this LR, particularly within golf courses where there is maintained grass on the greens, as well as many landscaped trees and some shrubs. 

Within the Study Area this LR is found at Hong Kong Golf Club, Sheung Shui Community Sports and Lo Wu Saddle Club.

10.1

Hong Kong Golf Club

High

Medium

High

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

Hong Kong Golf Club is located either side of Fan Kam Road.  It is a large private golf club with an extensive greens maintained for golfing activities.  Besides the golf course, the club has some built structures including the Club House and facilities to accommodate swimming and tennis, as well as restaurants and accommodation.  The Halfway House at Hong Kong Golf Club is graded as a Grade II historic building.

Trees, dominated by Melaleuca quinquenervia, are planted around the golf course for landscaping purposes.  Water lilies (Nymphaea spp.) are cultivated in the golf course ponds.  The entire plantation is well maintained and in good condition.

This LR is of high quality and amenity value and covers an extensive area of land; however it is an artificial resource and has a high capacity to accommodate change.  Its sensitivity is considered to be medium.

10.2

Sheung Shui Community Sports

Medium

Medium

High

Medium

Sheung Shui Community Sports is located near Ma Tso Lung Road.  It is a multi-sport centre with both outdoor and indoor facilities such as a basketball court, grass football pitch, campsite and clubhouse etc.  Trees are planted within this sport centre and include Michelia x alba, Psidium guajava, Dimocarpus longan and Mangifera indica.

This LR has medium landscape value and due to its man-made nature has a high capacity to accommodate change.  Its sensitivity is considered to be medium 

10.3

Lo Wu Saddle Club

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

Situated along Ho Sheung Heung Road, Lo Wu Saddle Club has more than 50 years of history and has a stable complex including grass riding arenas as well as clubhouse facilities and a schooling arena.  Trees found within this LR include Melia azedarach, Celtis sinensis and Delonix regia.

This LR is of relatively high quality and amenity value.  The artificial elements can accommodate change relatively easily but the fields where horses graze are less able to accommodate change.  Overall this LR’s sensitivity is considered to be medium.

 

KLR 11 – Urban Development Area

Refers to urbanised areas which are heavily developed with considerable hard paved surfaces and limited landscaped areas.  These LRs consist mainly of large clusters of medium to high density buildings with a high degree of related infrastructure and often with some high rise developments, with some associated facilities such as post office, police station, hospital, restaurants, supermarkets etc.  The LR also includes work sites where construction is ongoing, or sites being cleared/ formed prior to development of a structure that would form part of an urban area.  Vegetation in this LR is mainly landscape planting with scattered amenity shrubs and trees and some small public green spaces and private gardens. 

Within the Study Area it includes Sheung Shui South Urban Area and the existing formation site for the proposed Kwu Tung MTRC Station.

11.2

Existing formation site for proposed Kwu Tung MTRC Station

Low

Low

High

Low

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This site for the proposed Kwu Tung MTRC Station is located near Po Lau Road and is currently being formed prior to constructing a new MTR Station that would form part of an urban area. Trees present in this area include native species such as Macaranga tanarius and exotic species such as Dimocarpus longan, Melia azedarach and Bauhinia variegata.

This LR is undergoing site clearance, is of low landscape value and can accommodate change easily.  Its sensitivity is considered to be low.

11.3

Sheung Shui South Urban Development Area

Medium

Low

High

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR refers to the urban area to the south of Sheung Shui Station. Buildings in this area are mainly schools, public servant quarters, public housing estates (Yuk Po Court), private housing estates (Venice Garden) and a sports center. Amenity trees and shrubs are planted to enhance the environment.  Dominant tree species found in this LR include Ficus microcarpa, Acacia confusa, Melaleuca quinquenervia, Cassia siamea,

This LR has a high ability to accommodate change due to its man-made nature and is considered to have medium sensitivity.

KLR 12 – Rural Development Area

Refers to traditional villages, modern villages and small scale, low rise residential areas of lower density dominated by domestic structures (mainly of 2-3 stories) interwoven with roads and narrow paths, but limited other infrastructure.  There are some ancestral halls, shrines and temples, and this LR may also contain limited facilities such as small police stations, post offices, and covered water reservoirs and pumping stations and some small, managed, recreational areas (such as football and basketball pitches) and small wasteland areas either wholly or partly covered by weedy or sparse vegetation.  This LR often has small orchard areas associated with it (most commonly planted fruit tree species are Dimocarpus longan, Litchi chinensis, Clausena lansium, Mangifera indica and Citrus maxima) and private gardens, as well as amenity planting among the built structures.  This LR usually occurs in fragmented patches with agricultural or natural landscape resources adjacent to it.

Within the Study Area of the KTN NDA (DP1, 2, 3 and 4),  this LR is mainly found in Ho Sheung Heung, Long Valley, along Fanling Highway, as well as in the central area of Kwu Tung.  This LR also includes water reservoir and rifle range.

12.1

Ho Sheung Heung Rural Development Area

Medium

Medium

Low

Medium

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

Ho Sheung Heung village is bounded by Ho Sheung Heung Pai Fung Road and Chung Kuk Path.  In the vicinity (but not part of this LR), there is Ho Sheung Heung Fung Shui Woodland and agricultural land in which water ponds are scattered.  Although the village could be classified as relatively modern due to the fact many houses have been replaced by modern housing blocks of 2-3 storeys, some of the residential houses are identified as Historic Buildings (refer to Chapter 11), with Hau Kui Shek Ancestral Hall, a Declared Monument, located on the middle of the village and two Grade 3 listed buildings, Hung Hing Temple & Pail Fung Temple and ‘Sin Wai Nunnery’ located in the south of the village .  The whole village is mostly hard-surfaced and has limited softscape treatment but does include some trees (e.g. Dimocarpus longan, Litchi chinensis and Clausena lansium) and private amenity planting (e.g. Plumeria rubra and Thuja orientalis).

Although most of the houses in Ho Sheung Heung Village are relatively modern, the ancestral hall and graded historic buildings are vulnerable to change since they cannot be easily recreated and overall this LR has medium sensitivity.

12.2

Rural Development Area in Long Valley, Yin Kong, Tsung Pak Long and Hak Ka Wai

Medium

High

Low

High

This LR lies between the Shek Sheung River and Fanling Highway to the southeast of Long Valley.  It covers three villages: Yin Kong Tsuen, Hak Ka Wai and Tsung Pak Long. 

Yin Kong Tsuen is a traditional village undergoing transformation.  Some of the existing residential houses in the northern part of the village are identified as historical buildings. Earth shrines associated with Fung Shui Trees (Ficus microcarpa in most cases) are present including the Grade 2 listed Earth God Shrine of Kam Tsin historic building.  In addition an old western styled Enchi Lodge (Grade 2 historic building) is located on the southern part of the village.  Between the northern and southern parts of the village there is grassland which would have been agricultural land in the past.  On the other hand, the modern aspect of Yin Kong Tsuen is presented by many well-established modern village houses as well as facilities such as small-scaled playgrounds. 

Hak Ka Wai is a traditional village with around 100 years of history.  It consists of two rows of residences, an ancestral hall (the Wong Shek Chung Ancestral Hall), a study hall, an entrance gate, enclosing walls and a watch tower.  This village is registered as a Grade 1. 

Tsung Pak Long is a traditional village undergoing transformation.  It contains ancestral halls, earth shrines, a school and a church in traditional style to its northwest.  Most areas within this LR are hard-surfaced and have limited vegetation except those private amenity plantings, in which fruit trees Dimocarpus longan, Carica papaya and Citrus reticulata and landscaping shrub Duranta erecta and Murraya paniculata are commonly found.

The historic buildings located in this LR, particularly the relatively large area of Hak Ka Wai village, cannot be easily recreated and this LR is relatively intolerant to change.  Overall it is considered to have high sensitivity.

12.5

Rural Development Area to the North of Hong Kong Golf Club

Medium

Low

High

Low

This LR mainly covers one modern village, Golf Parkview, consisting of residential 4-5 storey blocks enclosed by walls but also includes some buildings and associated landscaped area in the middle of a plantation area   Golf Parkview is fairly new and being a man-made structure has a reasonable capacity to accommodate change despite some significant landscaping.  The buildings within the plantation make up Oi Yuen Villa, Lot No. SSL 2RP and is currently (May 2013) proposed as a Grade 1 historic building.

Golf Parkview is fairly modern and has a reasonable capacity to accommodate change despite some quality landscaping.

Overall this LR is considered to have low sensitivity.

12.6

Kam Tsin Rural Development Area

Medium

Low

Medium

Medium

This LR refers to the rural area around Kam Tsin located at the south east of the KTN NDA.  It covers a number of well-established villages and developments, including Kam Tsin Tsuen, The Royal Oaks, Ascot Park and Casas Domingo.  It also contains community facilities such as kindergarten and schools.  Planted trees are found between village houses and some grown naturally along the edge of the roads and villages. 

Trees commonly found in this LR include both native (e.g. Bauhinia blakeana, Celtis sinensis and Bischofia javanica) and exotic (e.g. Melaleuca quinquenervia as well as some fruit trees such as Dimocarpus longan and Psidium guajava) species.

Overall, this LR is dominated by domestic residencies, its landscape amenity, significance and quality is moderate and it has a medium ability to tolerate change due to the vegetation within the LR, making its overall sensitivity medium.

12.7

Kwu Tung Fresh Water Service Reservoir

Low

Low

High

Low

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

Kwu Tung Fresh Water Service Reservoir is a permanent structure located on Ki Lun Shan for the purpose of fresh water storage.  This area is hard-paved and covered with a grass roof but with otherwise limited vegetation diversity. 

Due to its low landscape value and high ability to accommodate change, it has low sensitivity.

12.8

Rural Development Area of Europa Garden and Valais

Low

Low

High

Low 

This LR sits outside the works area and will not be affected.

This LR lies south of Fanling Highway and west of Sheung Yue River.  The groups of houses in this LR are low-rise private residential buildings of 2-3 stories.  Trees are present both in the public areas such as roads (e.g. Acacia confusa, Casuarina equisetifolia and Thevetia peruviana) and within the private gardens where Dimocarpus longan and Averrhoa carambola as well as some palm trees that are cultivated.  This LR also contains one historic graded building, the Grade 2 listed Lady Ho Tung Welfare Centre (Main Block and Bungalow).

Most components within this LR are man-made structures and are tolerant to change.  The exception is the Grade 2 listed historic building, but since this forms a very small proportion the LR, overall its sensitivity is considered to be low.

12.9

Rural Development Area in Shek Tsai Leng, Tong Kok, Fung Kong and Tit Hang

Medium

Medium

Medium

Medium

Rural area in Shek Tsai Leng mainly includes Dills Corner Garden and its associated facilities.  Dills Corner Garden is located along Po Lau Road and is a home for the aged.  It contains several rows of 2-storey houses and is enclosed by fences.  Except for several individual, large trees along the fences (mostly Ficus microcarpa), this area is almost entirely hard-surfaced with limited landscaping.  Nevertheless, well maintained trees are planted along the roads in this area and dominant species include Acacia confusa and Melaleuca quinquenervia. There is also a football pitch, playground and school in the vicinity.

The rural area in Tong Kok, Fung Kong and Tit Hang contains loosely grouped village houses in a traditional style, with some graves of Hau clan scattered in the northern part of Fung Kong Tsuen.  All the villages are mostly hard-surfaced with small houses and winding paths and have limited softscape treatment but do include some abandoned fruit trees (e.g. Dimocarpus longan, Citrus maxima, Musa x paradisiaca and Clausena lansium) and private amenity planting. 

This is a LR with a medium capacity to tolerate change and its sensitivity is considered to be medium.

12.10

Lo Wu Rifle Range