Agreement No. CE 61/2007 (CE)

North East New Territories New Development Areas Planning and Engineering Study - Investigation

 

Environmental Monitoring and Audit Manual

 

Contents

 

                                                                                                                                                                                             

1             Introduction   1

1.1           Project Background  1

1.2           The Assignment 2

1.3           Study Area  2

1.4           Designated Project 3

1.5           Purposes of this Manual 6

2             Project Description   8

2.1           General Description   8

2.2           Revised Recommended Outline Development Plan   8

2.3           Key Infrastructure  9

2.4           Implementation Programme  17

2.5           Summary of Concurrent Project 19

2.6           Project Implementation Schedule  23

3             Project Organization   24

4             Air Quality  27

4.1           Introduction   27

4.2           Mitigation Measures  27

4.3           Air Quality Parameters  27

4.4           Monitoring Equipment 27

4.5           Laboratory Measurement / Analysis  29

4.6           Monitoring Locations  29

4.7           Baseline Monitoring  31

4.8           Impact Monitoring  32

4.9           Action / Limit Levels  32

4.10        Event and Action Plan   32

5             Noise  36

5.1           Introduction   36

5.2           Mitigation Measures  36

5.3           Noise Monitoring Parameters for Construction Phase  36

5.4           Monitoring Equipment for Construction Phase  36

5.5           Noise Monitoring Locations for Construction Phase  37

5.6           Baseline Monitoring for Construction Phase  38

5.7           Impact Monitoring for Construction Phase  38

5.8           Action / Limit Levels  38

5.9           Event and Action Plan for Construction Noise  39

5.10        Impact Monitoring / Commissioning Test for Operational Phase  40

5.11        Methodology for Operational Phase  42

5.12        Noise Monitoring Stations for Operational Phase  42

6             Water Quality  44

6.1           Introduction   44

6.2           Mitigation Measures  44

6.3           Monitoring Locations  44

6.4           Monitoring Parameters  44

6.5           Baseline Monitoring  45

6.6           Impact Monitoring  45

6.7           Verification Monitoring  46

6.8           Monitoring Equipments  46

6.9           Laboratory Measurement / Analysis  48

6.10        Quality Control 48

6.11        Action and Limit Levels  49

6.12        Event and Action Plan   50

7             Sewerage and Sewage Treatment Implications  54

7.1           Introduction   54

7.2           Sewerage and Sewage Treatment Implications during Construction Phase  54

8             Waste Management Implications  55

8.1           Introduction   55

8.2           Mitigation Measures  55

8.3           Waste EM&A Requirements  55

9             Land Contamination   57

9.1           General 57

9.2           Site Investigations for Inaccessible Potentially Contaminated Sites  57

9.3           Re-appraisal of Surveyed Sites  57

9.4           Treatment Method for Arsenic-containing Soil in KTN   58

9.5           Ambient Arsenic Monitoring  58

10          Hazard to Life  64

10.1        Introduction   64

10.2        Mitigation Measures  64

11          Landfill Gas Hazard  65

11.1        Introduction   65

11.2        Monitoring and Mitigation Measures  65

12          Landscape and Visual 68

12.1        Introduction   68

12.2        Mitigation Measures  68

12.3        Audit Requirement 68

13          Cultural Heritage  71

13.1        Introduction   71

13.2        Mitigation Measures  71

13.3        Monitoring and Audit Requirements  73

14          Ecology  75

14.1        Introduction   75

14.2        Mitigation Measures  75

14.3        Monitoring and Audit Requirements  79

15          Fisheries  87

15.1        Introduction   87

15.2        Mitigation Measures  87

15.3        Monitoring and Audit Requirements  87

16          Site Environmental Audit 88

16.1        Site Inspection   88

16.2        Compliance with Legal and Contractual Requirements  89

16.3        Environment Complaints  89

17          Reporting  91

17.1        General 91

17.2        Baseline Monitoring Report 91

17.3        Monthly Monitoring Reports  92

17.4        Final EM&A Review Reports  97

17.5        Data Keeping  98

17.6        Interim Notifications of Environmental Quality Limit Exceedances  98

 

     

LIST OF TABLES

 

Table 1.1a        Schedule 2 Designated Projects in KTN NDA

Table 1.1b        Schedule 2 Designated Projects in FLN NDA

Table 2.1           Major Planning Parameters of the revised RODP

Table 2.2           Breakdown of the reclaimed water demand in KTN NDA and FLN NDA

Table 2.3           Reclaimed Water Quality Standard for KTN and FLN NDAs

Table 2.4           Construction Programme

Table 2.5           Evaluation of cumulative impacts due to concurrent projects in HKSAR

Table 4.1           Proposed Monitoring Locations for Construction Dust

Table 4.2           Action / Limit Levels for Construction Dust

Table 4.3           Event / Action Plan for Construction Dust

Table 5.1           Proposed Construction Noise Monitoring Locations

Table 5.2           Action and Limit Levels for Construction Noise

Table 5.3           Event / Action Plan for Construction Noise

Table 5.4           Proposed Traffic Noise Monitoring Locations

Table 6.1           Proposed Water Quality Monitoring Stations for Baseline and Construction Phase Monitoring

Table 6.2           Laboratory analysis for SS

Table 6.3           Action and Limit Levels for Water Quality

Table 6.4           Event / Action Plan for Water Quality

Table 9.1           Proposed Monitoring Locations for Ambient Arsenic Monitoring

Table 9.2           Action and Limit Levels for Ambient Arsenic Monitoring

Table 9.3           Event / Action Plan for Ambient Arsenic Monitoring

Table 11.1        Actions in the event of LFG being detected

Table 12.1        Event / Action Plan for Landscape and Visual during Construction Phase

Table 14.1        Monitoring of Measures to Minimise Disturbance to Waterbirds on the Ng Tung, Sheung Yue and Shek Sheung Rivers

Table 14.2        Action and Limit Levels and Responses to Evidence of Disturbance to Waterbirds using in Ng Tung, Sheung Yue and Shek Sheung Rivers

Table 14.3        Not Used

Table 14.4        Monitoring of Measures to Minimise Impacts to Ma Tso Lung Stream and Siu Hang San Tsuen Streams

Table 14.5        Action and Limit Levels and Responses to Evidence of Declines in Aquatic Fauna

Table 14.6        Monitoring of Measures to Minimise Impacts on ecologically sensitive habitats from disturbance and pollution

Table 14.7        Action and Limit Levels and Responses to Evidence of Declines in Aquatic Fauna

 

 

LIST OF FIGURES

 

Figure 1.1         NENT NDA Study Areas

Figure 1.2         Locations of Schedule 2 Designated Project in KTN NDA

Figure 1.3         Locations of Schedule 2 Designated Project in FLN NDA

Figure 1.4         Locations of Schedule 2 Designated Project in Fanling Bypass

Figure 2.1         Revised RODP of KTN NDA

Figure 2.2         Revised RODP of FLN NDA

Figure 2.3         Road Network in Study Area

Figure 2.4         Proposed Road and Improvement Works

Figure 2.5         Proposed Road and Improvement Works

Figure 2.6         Proposed Road and Improvement Works

Figure 2.7         Proposed Road and Improvement Works

Figure 2.8         Sections for Po Shek Wu Interchange Improvement

Figure 2.9         Sections for Po Shek Wu Interchange Improvement

Figure 2.10       Layout of Sewage Pumping Station for NDAs Development

Figure 2.11       Layout Plan of the Proposed Sewage Treatment Works Extension in FLN NDA

Figure 2.11a    Proposed Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE) Mains in Kwu Tung North NDA

Figure 2.11b    Proposed Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE) Mains in Fanling North NDA

Figure 2.11c     Proposed Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE) Mains within the Study Area

Figure 2.12       Proposed Road and Improvement Works

Figure 2.13       Proposed Road and Improvement Works

Figure 2.14       Proposed Road and Improvement Works

Figure 2.15       Sections for Fanling Bypass

Figure 2.16       Sections for Fanling Bypass

Figure 2.17       Sections for Fanling Bypass

Figure 2.18       Reprovisioning of North District Temporary Wholesale Market (On Completion)

Figure 2.19       Conceptual Cross Section of Steel Canopy at North District Temporary Wholesale Market

Figure 2.20       General Layout for Development Packages

Figure 2.20a    Proposed Network and Hierarchy in KTN NDA

Figure 2.20b    Proposed Network and Hierarchy in FLN NDA

Figure 2.21       Locations of Concurrent Projects – Construction Phase

Figure 2.22       Locations of Concurrent Projects – Operational Phase

Figure 4.1a       Locations of Dust Monitoring Stations (KTN NDA)

Figure 4.1b       Locations of Dust Monitoring Stations (FLN NDA)

Figure 4.1c       Locations of Dust Monitoring Stations (FL Bypass)

Figure 5.1a       Locations of Construction Airborne Noise and Operational Noise Monitoring Stations (KTN NDA)

Figure 5.1b       Locations of Construction Airborne Noise and Operational Noise Monitoring Stations (FLN NDA)

Figure 5.1c       Locations of Construction Airborne Noise and Operational Noise Monitoring Stations (FL Bypass)

Figure 6.1a       Locations of Water Quality Monitoring Stations (KTN NDA)

Figure 6.1b       Locations of Water Quality Monitoring Stations (FLN NDA)

Figure 11.1       Location of Landfill Contamination Zone within NENT NDAs

Figure 11.2       Ma Tso Lung Landfill Site and KTN NDA RODP

Figure 14.1       Areas of Compensatory Planting in the Kwu Tung North NDA

Figure 14.2       Areas of Compensatory Planting in the Fanling North NDA

  

 

LIST OF APPENDIX

 

 

Appendix 2-1   Construction Programme

Appendix 2-2   Project Implementation Schedule

Appendix 3-1   Project Organization for Environmental Works

Appendix 4-1   Sample Data Sheet for TSP Monitoring

Appendix 5-1   Mitigation Measures for Road Traffic Noise

Appendix 5-2   Sample Data Sheet for Noise Monitoring

Appendix 17-1 Incident Report on Action Level or Limit Level Non-compliance

 

 


1            Introduction

1.1         Project Background

The Planning and Development Study on North East New Territories (NENT Study, CE64/96) commenced in 1998 had identified areas in Kwu Tung North (KTN), Fanling North (FLN) and Ping Che/Ta Kwu Ling (PC/TKL) to be suitable for New Development Areas (NDAs).  The NENT Study also confirmed the feasibility of NDAs based on the findings and recommendations from the technical assessments on various aspects including planning, environmental and engineering.  In 2003, having regard to the housing demand at the time, the Government decided to shelve the NDAs proposal in the interim pending a comprehensive review of Hong Kong’s overall planning under the Study on Hong Kong 2030: Planning Vision and Strategy (HK2030 Study). 

The HK2030 Study carried out by the Planning Department (PlanD) completed in 2007 was a comprehensive review of Hong Kong’s territorial development strategy for formulating a broad planning framework to guide the future development of Hong Kong up to 2030.  It recommended proceeding with KTN, FLN and PC/TKL NDAs (i.e. NENT NDAs) as well as Hung Shui Kui NDA to address long-term housing demand and to provide job opportunities.  NENT NDAs and Hung Shui Kui NDA were included as one of ten major infrastructure projects in the 2007-08 Policy Address. 

Further to the recommendations for NDAs in HK2030 Study, the Civil Engineering and Development Department (CEDD) and PlanD jointly commissioned the North East New Territories New Development Areas Planning and Engineering Study - Investigation (the Project) to formulate updated development proposals for NENT NDAs.  The Project aims to review and update the findings and recommendations of the NENT Study, and to formulate revised proposals for NENT NDAs.

The Project has adopted a three-stage public engagement programme to foster consensus building.  The Stage 1 Public Engagement which commenced in mid November 2008 and lasted for about three months aimed to engage key stakeholders (the general public, relevant organisations, district councils and rural committees) in discussions on key issues relating to the development of the NDAs.

The Stage 2 Public Engagement which aimed at collecting public views on the Preliminary Outline Development Plans (PODPs) for the three NDAs commenced in November 2009 and completed in January 2010.  The Stage 3 Public Engagement (PE3) was carried out from mid June to end September 2012, to gauge public views on the Recommended Outline Development Plans (RODPs) for the NDAs. A series of community engagement activities were undertaken for different stakeholders including the Legislative Council Panel on Development, Town Planning Board, Heung Yee Kuk, North District Council, relevant Rural Committees, Advisory Council on the Environment, Housing Authority, Land Development Advisory Committee, professional bodies, local concerns groups and other stakeholders such as green groups.

After careful and comprehensive consideration of comments received during the PE3 and taking into account all relevant considerations including the findings of various technical assessments, the current plan is to proceed with development in KTN and FLN NDAs to accommodate about 174,900 population, whilst PC/TKL NDA will be subject to re-planning under the policy initiative announced in the 2013-14 Policy Address to further explore the development potential of New Territories North.  The RODPs for KTN and FLN NDAs have been suitably revised.

1.2         The Assignment

On 16 June 2008, CEDD and PlanD commissioned Ove Arup & Partners Hong Kong Limited (Arup) as the Consultant for the Project.

The Project commenced on 16 June 2008 and is expected to complete in October 2013 to carry out planning, engineering and environmental studies with a view to reviewing and updating the findings and recommendations of the NENT Study to formulate revised proposals for NENT NDAs; confirming the feasibility of implementing the revised proposals for NENT NDAs to meet long-term housing, social, economic and environmental needs; and formulating the implementation strategies and programme for the NDAs with the first population intake by the year of 2023.

1.3         Study Area

The NDAs under this Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Study include KTN NDA and FLN NDA covering a total area of about 614 ha.  The Study Area is shown in Figure 1.1.

KTN NDA

KTN NDA is located to the west of Sheung Shui and is generally bounded by Shek Sheung River to the east, Castle Peak Road and Fanling Highway (New Territories Circular Road) to the south, Pak Shek Au and Tit Hang villages to the west and the present Closed Area boundary to the north. The NDA has an area of some 450 ha and is proposed to accommodate a population of about 101,600 people on full development.

FLN NDA

FLN NDA is located immediately to the north-east of the established Fanling/Sheung Shui New Town and is bounded by Upper Ng Tung River to the north and east, Sha Tau Kok Road to the south, and Ma Sik Road and Tin Ping Road to the south-west. The NDA has an area of around 164 ha and is proposed to accommodate a population of about 73,300 people on full development.

KTN and FLN NDAs would become the extension of Fanling/Sheung Shui New Town to form the Fanling/Sheung Shui/Kwu Tung North (FL/SS/KTN) New Town, which will have a total population of about 460,000 upon full development, comparable to such new towns as Tuen Mun and Tseung Kwan O.  FL/SS/KTN New Town will be an integrated community providing a wide range of employment opportunities as well as commercial, community, recreation and cultural facilities supporting a larger population.

PC/TKL NDA

PC/TKL NDA was originally planned only for low to medium-density residential developments and special industries due to the absence of rail link and the presence of other infrastructure constraints. To optimize the use of valuable land resources, and also taking into account the strategic planning considerations, PC/TKL NDA will be put aside and re-planned in the context of the policy initiative announced in the 2013-14 Policy Address to further explore the development potential in New Territories North.  Thus, no revised RODP has been formulated for PC/TKL NDA and as such, no EIA assessment is required for PC/TKL NDA at this juncture.

The environmental impacts of the development of KTN and FLN NDAs are assessed in this EIA report.

1.4         Designated Project

The Project which covers KTN and FLN NDAs is a designated project (DP) under Item 1 Schedule 3 of EIAO - Engineering feasibility study of urban development projects with a study area covering more than 20 ha or involving a total population of more than 100,000.

In addition, the following work components also fall under various Schedule 2 DP categories as summarised in Table 1.1. The locations of Schedule 2 DPs are shown in Figures 1.2 – 1.4.

Table 1.1a - Schedule 2 Designated Projects in KTN NDA

Item

Work Component

Schedule 2 DP Category

Reason

1

San Tin Highway and Fanling Highway Kwu Tung Section Widening (between San Tin Interchange and Po Shek Wu Interchange) (Major Improvement)

 

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road

To widen the concerned portion of San Tin Highway and Fanling Highway Kwu Tung Section from dual 3-lane to dual 4-lane configuration

2

Castle Peak Road (CPR) Diversion (Major Improvement)

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road.

The CPR will be realigned and join with the Pak Shek Au Interchange at the western end and the original CPR near Yin Kong at the eastern end.

3

KTN NDA Road P1 and P2 (New Road) and associated new Kwu Tung Interchange (New Road) and Pak Shek Au Interchange Improvement  (Major Improvement)

 

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road.

Construction of new primary distributor roads inside KTN NDA.

4

KTN NDA Road D1 to D5 (New Road)

 

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road.

Construction of new district distributor roads inside KTN NDA.

5

New Sewage Pumping Stations (SPSs) in KTN NDA

F3

A SPS---(b) with an installed capacity of more than 2,000 m3  per day and a boundary of which is less than 150 m from an existing or planned residential area or educational institution.

Construction of two new SPSs in KTN with installed capacity of more than 2,000 m3 per day and less than 150m from existing and planned residential buildings.

6

Proposed railway station and associated facilities in KTN NDA (To be conducted under separate study).

A2

A railway and its associated facilities.

The construction of new Kwu Tung railway station

7*

Utilization of Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE) from Shek Wu Hui Sewage Treatment Works (SWHSTW)

F4

An activity for the reuse of treated sewage effluent from a treatment plant

Construction of service reservoir and watermain for the reuse of treated sewage effluent in KTN NDA.

*Work component serves both KTN and FLN NDAs.

Table 1.1b - Schedule 2 Designated Projects in FLN NDA

Item

Work Component

Schedule 2 DP Category

Reason

7*

Utilization of TSE from SWHSTW

F4

An activity for the reuse of TSE from a treatment plant

Construction of service reservoir and watermain for the reuse of treated sewage effluent in FLN NDA.

8

Po Shek Wu Interchange Improvement (Major Improvement)

 

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road

Po Shek Wu Road is primary distributor. Major improvement works on primary distributor is a DP.

9

Fanling Bypass Western Section (New Road)

 

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road

Construction of new district distributor inside FLN NDA.

10

Fanling Bypass Eastern Section (New Road)

 

A1

A road which is an expressway, trunk road, primary distributor road or district distributor road including new roads, and major extensions or improvements to existing road.

Construction of new primary distributor inside FLN NDA.

11

Shek Wu Hui Sewage Treatment Works - Further Expansion at FLN NDA

 

F1

Sewage treatment works with an installed capacity of more than 15,000 m3 per day.         

The design capacity of the proposed expansion and upgrading of SWHSTW  is of 190,000 m3 per day.

12

Reprovision of temporary wholesale market in FLN NDA.

N3

A wholesale market.

A wholesale market is a DP under EIAO.

13

New SPSs in FLN NDA

F3

A SPS---(b) with an installed capacity of more than 2,000 m3  per day and a boundary of which is less than 150 m from an existing or planned residential area or educational institution.

The installed capacity of 4 new SPSs is more than 2,000m3 per day and less than 150m from existing or planned residential building or educational institution.

*Work component save both KTN and FLN NDAs.

1.5         Purposes of this Manual

The purposes of this Environmental Monitoring and Audit (EM&A) Manual are to:

·         Guide the set up of an EM&A programme to ensure compliance with the EIA recommendations;

·         Specify the requirements for monitoring equipment;

·         Propose environmental monitoring points, monitoring frequency etc.;

·         Propose Action and Limit Level; and

·         Propose Event and Action Plan.

This EM&A Manual has been prepared in accordance with the requirements stipulated in Annex 21 of the Technical Memorandum on the EIA Process (TM-EIAO). This Manual outlines the monitoring and audit programme for the construction and operation of the proposed NDAs and provide systematic procedures for monitoring, auditing and minimising environmental impacts.

This Manual contains the following information:

·         Responsibilities of the Contractor, the Engineer or Engineer’s Representative (ER), Environmental Team (ET), and the Independent Environmental Checker (IEC) under the context of the EM&A;

·         Project organisation for the EM&A works;

·         The basis for, and description of the broad approach underlying the EM&A programme;

·         Details of the methodologies to be adopted, including all laboratories and analytical procedures, and details on quality assurance and quality control programme;

·         The rationale on which the environmental monitoring data will be evaluated and interpreted;

·         Definition of Action and Limit levels;

·         Establishment of Event and Action plans;

·         Requirements for reviewing pollution sources and working procedures required in the event of non-compliance with the environmental criteria and complaints; and

·         Requirements for presentation of environmental monitoring and audit data and appropriate reporting procedures.

This Manual is a dynamic document that should be reviewed regularly and updated as necessary during the construction and operation of the Project including those updates noted in the EIA.

For the purpose of this Manual, the ER shall refer to the Engineer as defined in the Construction Contract, in cases where the Engineer's powers have been delegated to the ER, in accordance with the Construction Contract.  The ET leader, who shall be responsible for and in charge of the ET, shall refer to the person delegated the role of executing the EM&A requirements.

 


2            Project Description

2.1         General Description

The Project comprise the development of KTN NDA and FLN NDA and associated infrastructure such as road works, sewage treatment works, drainage channel, wholesale market, etc. Taken into account the public comments received and findings of technical assessments, a set of revised Recommended Outline Development Plans (RODPs) has been formulated and preferred options of traffic and transport, basic infrastructure and utilities provisions are also proposed. The Project scope is summarised in this Chapter.

2.2         Revised Recommended Outline Development Plan

Taking into account the received public comments during PE3 and with careful and comprehensive consideration, the RODPs have been further refined. Table 2.1 summarises the major planning parameters of the revised RODP. The revised RODPs of KTN NDA and FLN NDA are shown in Figure 2.1 & 2.2.

Table 2.1: Major Planning Parameters of the revised RODP

 

KTN NDA

FLN NDA

Total

Development Theme

Mixed Development

Node

Riverside

Community

-

Major Land Uses

Residential; Commercial, Research & Development; Long Valley Nature Park;

Agriculture Uses;

Recreational Facilities

Residential;

Government Facilities

-

Total Area

450 ha

164 ha

614 ha

New Population(a)

101,600

73,300

174,900

New Flats

35,400

25,300

60,700

New PRH Flats

(% Total)

17,700

(49.9%)

14,000

(55.3%)

31,700

(52.2%)

New HOS Flats

(% Total)

2,700

(7.7%)

2,200

(8.8%)

4,900

(8.1%)

New Private Flats(b)

(% Total)

15,000

(42.4%)

9,100

(35.9%)

24,100

(39.7%)

Plot Ratio

3.5 – 6

2 – 6

-

Maximum

Building Height

35 storeys

35 storeys

-

Note

(a)  Excluding those resided in the indigenous villages, affected village houses/building lots under the village removal term, and existing/committed developments.  If these people are included, the total population of the two NDAs would be 179,000 (105,500 in KTN and 73,500 in FLN).

 (b)  Excluding the three “R4” sites.

2.3         Key Infrastructure

2.3.1           San Tin Highway and Fanling Highway Kwu Tung Section Widening (between San Tin Interchange and Po Shek Wu Interchange) (Major Improvement) (DP1)

In order to sustain the future traffic growth from the development in Northern New Territories, the San Tin Highway and Fanling Highway Kwu Tung Section is proposed to widen from dual 3-lane to dual 4-lane configuration. The key characteristics of Fanling Highway are summarised as follows:

Road Type

Carriageway Type

Number of Carriageways

Carriageway Width

(metre)

Design Speed (km/hr)

Speed Limit (km/hr)

Expressway

Dual 4-lane

2

14.6

³100

100

The proposed widening work of the San Tin Highway and Fanling Highway Kwu Tung Section would push the expressway limit further to the north.  Subsequently, the adjacent service road, CPR Kwu Tung Section, has to be diverted.  The access from the CPR to Yin Kong Village will be maintained. The realigned CPR will join the Pak Shek Au Interchange at the western end and the original CPR near Yin Kong at the eastern end. The alignment has been carefully selected to maximise the land area for housing development, taking into account the development constraint.

2.3.2           Castle Peak Road Diversion (Major Improvement (DP2)

This shifted section of CPR at the south of KTN NDA will function as a bypass road and provide the linkage between KTN NDA and Kwu Tung South, and will remain as a major utility corridor between San Tin and Sheung Shui. The key characteristics of the diverted CPR are summarised as follows:

Road Type

Carriageway Type

Number of Carriageways

Carriageway Width

(metre)

Design Speed (km/hr)

Speed Limit (km/hr)

District Distributor

Single 2 -lane

1

7.3

³ 50

50

 

2.3.3           KTN NDA Road P1 and P2 (New Road) and associated new Kwu Tung Interchange (New Road) and Pak Shek Au Interchange Improvement  (Major Improvement) (DP 3)

At KTN NDA, two primary distributor (PD) roads are proposed. The eastern side PD is connected to Fanling Highway via a grade-separated interchange near Yin Kong while the western side PD will be connected to the Fanling Highway via a pair of slip roads near Pak Shek Au. These PD roads would be further connected to the LMC Loop through a periphery road network. The key characteristics of the two PD roads are summarised as follows:

Road Type

Carriageway Type

Number of Carriageways

Carriageway Width

(metre)

Design Speed (km/hr)

Speed Limit (km/hr)

Primary Distributor

Dual 2-lane

2

6.75

³ 50

50

A new grade-separated Interchange, namely Kwu Tung Interchange is proposed as the major access from the Fanling Highway to the KTN NDA. Moreover, a supplementary interchange, namely Pak Shek Au Interchange, is proposed for the KTN NDA for better accessibility and also to allow for better connection for future development in LMC Loop.

The alignment of recommended scheme is shown in Figure 2.3-2.6.

2.3.4           KTN NDA Road D1 to D5 (New Road) (DP 4)  

The distributor roads (Road D1 and D2) will provide direct connectivity between the diverted CPR and KTN NDA.  The alignment has been carefully selected to maximise the land area for housing development, taking into account the development constraint. Hence a single option is proposed.

The northern distributor road (Road D3) will provide the east-west connectivity between the two primary distributor roads (P1 and P2).  The alignment has been carefully selected to minimise the environmental impact and maximise the land area for housing development, taking into account the development constraint. Hence a single option is proposed.

Further north to the western primary distributor road, another district distributor road (Road D4) will gradually go downhill and passes under a 400kV power Over-head (Transmission) Lines (OHL).  Sufficient clearance is provided.  The road will join with the junction to the LMC Loop. The alignment has been carefully selected to minimise the environmental impact and maximise the land area for housing development, taking into account the development constraint. Hence a single option is proposed.

Further north to the eastern primary distributor road, a district distributor road (Road D5) will gradually goes uphill and passes under a 400kV power OHL. The road generally follows the existing level and sufficient clearance is provided.  Then it turns to the west and goes round the northern side of Fung Kong Shan, forming another junction near the Lo Wu Firing Range.  This junction connects with the possible road to the future developments in LMC Loop, and also acts as an entry point to the KTN NDA from the north. The alignment has been carefully selected to maximise the land area for housing development, taking into account the development constraint.

The alignment of this scheme is shown in Figure 2.3-2.6. The key characteristics of the five district distributors inside KTN NDA are summarised as follows:

Road Type

Carriageway Type

Number of Carriageways

Carriageway Width

(metre)

Design Speed (km/hr)

Speed Limit (km/hr)

District Distributor

Single 2-lane

1

7.3

³ 50

50

 

2.3.5           New Sewage Pumping Stations (SPSs) in KTN NDA (DP5)

Gravity sewers will be provided within NDA. To prevent the gravity sewer from crossing underneath the river, two SPSs (with an installed capacity of more than 2,000 m3/day) are proposed to be constructed in KTN.

One of the proposed SPSs (capacity of about 100,000 m3/day) will be located at site D1-3 on the west bank of Sheung Yue River. Wet well/dry well type of SPS will be used and 3 duty pumps and 1 stand-by pump will be installed in the proposed SPS. A superstructure of about 5m in height will be constructed for the SPS. The proposed location also allows that the sewerage can be directly discharged into adjacent river without affecting the nearby residents in case of any emergency event. In order to minimise work front areas as well as the associated direct and indirect environmental impacts, the proposed twin 900mm diameter rising mains will be routed along the cycle track adjacent to the west bank of Sheung Yue River, crossing the Sheung Yue River on a pipe bridge and cross underneath the railway track of MTRC, routing along the maintenance access track on the east bank of the Ng Tung River, cross the Ng Tung River on a pipe bridge and connect to the inlet works of expanded / upgraded SWHSTWs.

Another new SPS with an installed capacity of about 8,000 m3/day is proposed at Site F1-2 of KTN NDA. Wet well/dry well type of SPS will be used and 1 duty pump and 1 stand-by pump will be installed in the proposed SPS. A superstructure of about 5m in height will be constructed for the SPS. In order to minimise the work front areas and the environmental impact, the proposed twin 250mm diameter rising mains will be routed along the proposed KTN NDA Road D5 and the downstream of the rising mains will be connected to the proposed gravity sewage system of KTN NDA near the proposed roundabout between KTN NDA Road D5 and P2.

The details of the proposed sewage pumping stations are shown in Figure 2.10.

2.3.6           Proposed railway station and associated facilities in KTN NDA (To be conducted under other separate study) (DP6)

The planning of future railway network and stations is currently under review in the consultancy study for the Review and Update of the Railway Development Strategy 2000 (RDS-2U) undertaken by the Railway Development Office, HyD.  The entire study is expected to be finished in 2013.   The Government will consider the consultant's final recommendations in the light of the development progress of new development areas and explore the way forward for the Kwu Tung Station which may also serve as a possible interchange with the future Northern Link (NOL).  Should the Kwu Tung Station be taken forward, the key infrastructure requirements will be investigated in separate studies at subsequent design stages.

The location of the railway station is shown in Figure 2.1.

2.3.7           Utilization of Treated Sewage Effluent from SWHSTW (DP7)

Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE) is proposed to be reused for non-potable uses such as toilet flushing, landscape irrigation and make-up water for district cooling system (DCS).

Part of the TSE from the STW will be polished up to the required standards before being diverted to a flushing water service reservoir and supplied to the development for non-potable uses. The locations of flushing water service reservoir is proposed to be located at about +70.00mPD, which could provide sufficient top water head for discharging.  In order to minimise the environmental impact and work front areas, the distribution pipeline will align with the proposed road network.  Hence a single option is proposed.

The initial capacity of the TSE reuse system will be approximately 20,000m3/day serving the KTN and FLN NDAs, with the provision of expanding to 53,000m3/day covering both the KTN and FLN NDAs and the existing development in Sheung Shui and Fanling areas. The exact scale of the TSE reuse system is subject to further refinement during the detailed design stage of the Study. TSE supply from SWHSTW Phase 1 expansion is about 60,000m3/day, and it should be sufficient for the demand of KTN and FLN NDAs.

TSE is proposed for non-potable uses such as toilet flushing, landscape irrigation and make-up water for DCS. Table 2.2 summarises the breakdown of reclaimed water demand in KTN NDA and FLN NDA. Table 2.3 provides the reuse water standard adopted for toilet flushing, landscape irrigation water reuse and make-up water for DCS.

To fulfil this stringent standard, additional treatment of the TSE via chlorination will be required. Chlorine Contact Tank (CCT) will be constructed for carrying chlorination and dechlorination processes. After polishing treatment, the reclaimed water produced from the TSE reuse system will be conveyed to the distribution system by newly proposed pumping station. The distribution system consists of rising mains, a new reclaimed water service reservoir, and distribution system up to individual development sites.

The location of the TSE system is shown in Figure 2.11, 2.11a, 2.11b and 2.11c.              

Table 2.2 - Breakdown of the reclaimed water demand in KTN NDA and FLN NDA

Reclaimed Water Demand in MLD

KTN

FLN

Flushing

9.47

3.66

DCS

4.90

no DCS for FLN

Irrigation

2.36

1.66

Table 2.3 - Reclaimed Water Quality Standard for KTN and FLN NDAs

Parameter

Unit

Reclaimed Water Quality Standard for KTN and FLN NDAs

E. coli

cfu/100mL

Not detectable

Total residual chlorine (TRC)

mg/L

≥ 1  (out of treatment system)

≥ 0.2  (at user end)

Dissolved oxygen (DO)

mg/L

≥ 2

Total suspended solids (TSS)

mg/L

≤ 5

Colour

unit

  20

Turbidity

NTU

5

pH

mg/L

6 - 9

Threshold odour number (TON)

-

≤100

5-day Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5)

mg/L

≤10

Ammoniacal nitrogen (NH3-N)

mg/L as N

≤1

Synthetic detergents

mg/L

≤5

Note: Apart from TRC which has been specified, the water quality standards for all parameters shall be applied at the point-of-use of the system. 

2.3.8           Po Shek Wu Interchange Improvement (Major Improvement) (DP8)

The Po Shek Wu Interchange is currently exceeding its junction capacity.  In order to cater for the traffic flow from the FLN NDA, improvement work, including realignment of the Po Shek Wu Road and the construction of an elevated southbound right-turning slip road to bypass the interchange, is proposed.  In response to public opinions received on the layout of the proposed Po Shek Wu Interchange Improvement and to minimise the potential environmental impact, a single-lane elevated slip road is proposed in the latest improvement scheme for the right turning traffic (Po Shek Wu Road southbound to Fanling Highway westbound) to bypass the existing Po Shek Wu Interchange. Noise mitigation structures along Po Shek Wu Road will be required to mitigate the traffic noise impact.

The details of the selected scheme is shown in Figure 2.7-2.9.

2.3.9           Fanling Bypass Western Section (New Road) (DP9)

The proposed Fanling Bypass Western Section provides a linkage between the Man Kam To Road and the proposed Fanling Bypass Eastern Section.  The planning intention is to arrange the bypass at the periphery of the NDA at the north of the Ng Tung River, such that through traffic will be diverted away from the town centre to minimise the environmental impact of the traffic to the FLN NDA.

The location of the proposed roundabout at Man Kam Road designed adjacent to the Northern side of Ng Tung River, to avoid the encroachment of the existing Hung Kiu San Tsuen and Ng Tung River

The key characteristics of the Fanling Bypass Western Section are summarised as follows:

Road Type

Carriageway Type

Number of Carriageways

Carriageway Width

(metre)

Design Speed (km/hr)

Speed Limit (km/hr)

District Distributor

Single 2 –lane

1

7.3

³ 50

50

The alignment of this scheme is shown in Figure 2.12.

2.3.10        Fanling Bypass Eastern Section (New Road) (DP 10)

The proposed Fanling Bypass Eastern Section provides a direct bypass linkage between FLN NDA and Sha Tau Kok Road (STKR) with the Fanling Highway Tai Po direction.  Generally the Fanling Bypass Eastern Section is wholly elevated, except an underpass portion near Lung Yeuk Tau. There are footbridges across Fanling Highway and at the Lung Yeuk Tau Interchange. As indicated in the traffic forecast, the Fanling Bypass can effectively divert traffic away from STKR Luen Wo Hui Section and Wo Hop Shek Interchange, and improve the traffic condition there.  This responds to the Fanling residents’ key concern during PE2 and PE3 that the additional NDA traffic will worsen the existing Fanling traffic condition.

To avoid extensive slope cutting and minimise the potential environmental impact to the existing Siu Han San Tsuen, shifting the proposed alignment of Fanling Bypass to north is not recommended.

The key characteristics of the Fanling Bypass Eastern Section are summarised as follows:

Road Type

Carriageway Type

Number of Carriageways

Carriageway Width

(metre)

Design Speed (km/hr)

Speed Limit (km/hr)

Primary Distributor

dual 2 -lane

2

7.3

³80

80

The alignment of this scheme is shown in Figure 2.13-2.17.

2.3.11        Shek Wu Hui Sewage Treatment Works - Further Expansion in FLN NDA (DP11)

The existing SWHSTW is a secondary STW with design capacity of 93,000m3/day, serving the North District sewerage catchment (Sheung Shui and Fanling areas). In order to cope with the natural and planned population growths within the sewerage catchment, SWHSTW shall be further expanded by phases, namely Phases 1A, 1B and Phase 2, within the existing and adjacent extension sites.  The treatment capacities SWHSTW after completion of Phases 1A and 1B would be increased to 133,000m3/day and 153,000m3/day respectively and reaching an ultimate capacity of 190,000m3/day after completion of Phase 2. 

At the same time, the treatment level of SWHSTW should also be upgraded to tertiary level in order to meet the “no net increase in pollution loading to Deep Bay” requirement with reference to “Hong Kong 2030 Planning Vision and Strategy, Working Paper No. 30 Broadbrush Environmental Comparison of Development Options, Clause 14”.

The exact design details and sequence of the SWHSTW upgrading scheme is subject to refinement under separate study being conducted by DSD under Agreement No CE40/2012(DS). This is classified as a DP under EIAO Schedule 2, Part I, Item F2 (sewage treatment works with an installed capacity of more than 5000 m3 per day). The location of SWHSTW – Further Expansion is shown in Figure 2.11.

 

The main treatment process components are listed below:

Sewage Treatment

Sludge Treatment

Inlet works

Preliminary Treatment

Equalization

Primary Sedimentation

MBR Pre-treatment Screen

Bioreactor and Membrane Filtration System

Primary Sludge Thickening

Waste Activated Sludge Thickening

Sludge Digestion and Biogas Utilization

Sludge Dewatering

 

2.3.12        Reprovision of temporary wholesale market in FLN NDA (DP12)

The North District Temporary Wholesale Market for Agricultural Products will be affected by the NDA development. In order not to affect the operation of the market, the re-provisioned wholesale market at site D1-6 of FLN NDA will be re-constructed by phases.

The re-provisioned wholesale market will have approximately 1,000 market stalls within a site area of around 1.3ha, which will be the same scale as the existing wholesale market. The wholesale market will provide around 1,000 employment. The re-provisioned wholesale market will provide parking spaces, trading area for stalls, offices, toilet and refuse collection point facilities. The final layout will be reshaped to be compatible with the road layout and minimise the environmental impact.

The details of the re-provisioned wholesale market is shown in Figure 2.18-2.19.

2.3.13        New Sewage Pumping Stations (SPS) in FLN NDA (DP13)  

There will be four new SPSs with installed capacity of more than 2,000 m3 per day inside the FLN NDA (sites A1-6, B2-3, B1-4 and C2-3) to convey the sewerage to the SWHSTW.

For the proposed SPS at site A1-6 of FLN NDA, the installed capacity of about 10,000 m3/day is proposed. Wet well/dry well type of SPS will be used and 1 duty pumps and 1 stand-by pump will be installed in the proposed SPS. The proposed location also allows that the sewerage can be directly discharged into adjacent river without affecting the nearby residents in case of any emergency event. A superstructure of about 5m in height will be constructed for the SPS. The downstream of the proposed twin 300mm diameter rising mains will be connected to the proposed gravity sewage system at FLN NDA Road L6.

For the proposed SPS at site C2-3 of FLN NDA, the installed capacity of about 35,000 m3/day is proposed. Wet well/dry well type of SPS will be used and 3 duty pumps and 1 stand-by pump will be installed in the proposed SPS. The proposed location also allows that the sewerage can be directly discharged into adjacent river without affecting the nearby residents in case of any emergency event. A superstructure of about 5m in height will be constructed for the SPS. The downstream of the proposed twin 250mm diameter rising mains will be connected to the proposed gravity sewage system at FLN NDA Road L4.

For the proposed SPS at site B1-4 of FLN NDA, the installed capacity of about 3,000 m3/day is proposed. Wet well/dry well type of SPS will be used and 1 duty pump and 1 stand-by pump will be installed in the proposed SPS. The proposed location also allows that the sewerage can be directly discharged into adjacent river without affecting the nearby residents in case of any emergency event. A superstructure of about 5m in height will be constructed for the SPS. The proposed twin 150mm diameter rising mains will be routed over the Ng Tung River and the downstream of the rising mains will be connected to the proposed gravity sewage system at KTN NDA Road L6.

For the proposed SPS at site B2-3 of FLN NDA, the installed capacity of about 61,000 m3/day is proposed. Wet well/dry well type of SPS will be used and 3 duty pumps and 1 stand-by pump will be installed in the proposed SPS. A superstructure of about 5m in height will be constructed for the SPS. The proposed twin 750mm diameter rising mains will be routed along the existing Man Kam To Road, Po Wan Road and Chuk Wan Road to connect to SWHSTW Phase 2 expansion works.

A trunk sewer is proposed along the proposed main road which will connect to SWHSTW Phase 2 expansion works. The routing is selected to minimise the work front areas as well as the associated direct and indirect environmental impacts.  

The details of the proposed sewage pumping stations are shown in Figure 2.10.

2.4         Implementation Programme

It is anticipated that the NDAs will be commissioned in phases. The construction work is targeted to commence in Year 2017 and are summarised in Table 2.4 below.  The construction programme is shown in Appendix 2.1.

 

Table 2.4: Construction Programme

Development Package

Description

Work Period of Major Works [1]

Description of Work

Advance Works

Major Infrastructure and development of Advance Works at KTN and FLN

2017 - 2024

·   Site formation and infrastructure

·   Fanling Bypass (Eastern Section)

·   Management of Stockpiling material

·   Advanced ecological compensation works at mitigation meanders and suitable areas along main river channels

1

First stage of infrastructure and development at KTN and FLN

2018 - 2021

·   Site formation and infrastructure

·   Ecological compensation works

·   Sewerage and water supply networks

·   School, hospital, HKPF facilities and housing site

·   Fanling Bypass (Eastern Section)

·   STW Extension Phase 1B at FLN

·   Village resite in KTN and FLN

·   Secondary service reservoir

·   Trunk mains and distribution mains

2

Infrastructure and development at KTN (South)

2018 - 2029

·   Site formation and infrastructure

·   Fanling Highway Widening

·   Kwu Tung Interchange

·   Pak Shek Au Interchange

3

Infrastructure and development at KTN (North)

2020 - 2028

·   Site formation and infrastructure

 

4

Remaining Infrastructure and development at FLN (East)

2021 – 2029

 

·   Site formation and infrastructure

·   Secondary service reservoir

·   Trunk mains and distribution mains

·   Fanling Bypass (Western Section)

·   Po Shek Wu Interchange Improvement

 

5

Remaining Infrastructure and development at FLN (West)

2022 - 2028

·   Site formation and infrastructure

STW Extension Phase 2

Note:

[1] Works period of site formation for lots subject to village removal term is not included

2.5          Summary of Concurrent Project

The evaluations of cumulative impacts due to the potential concurrent projects are presented in Table 2.5. Locations of the concurrent projects are shown in Figure 2.21 and 2.22.

Table 2.5 - Evaluation of cumulative impacts due to concurrent projects in HKSAR

Concurrent Projects

Evaluation

1

Agreement No. CE42/2006(TP) Planning Study on Liantang/Heung Yuen Wai Cross-boundary Control Point and its Associated Connecting Roads in Hong Kong – Feasibility Study

A new Boundary Control Point (BCP) is proposed to be constructed at Heung Yuen Wai. The associated connecting road is within 500m study boundary of Fanling Bypass. Cumulative impact has been assessed for both construction and operational phases.

2

Agreement No. CE60/2005 (TP) Land Use Planning for the Closed Area – Feasibility Study (FCA)

The study is a strategic land use planning for the opening of Regulation of Shenzhen River Stage III. The new Closed Area boundary is put in place in late 2011 / early 2012. Since this project is in a strategic level, there is no major implementation programme for the associated infrastructure. Cumulative construction environmental impacts from this Project are therefore not considered. For the operational impact, the change in traffic due to the implication of land use planning for the closed area is taken into account.

3

Agreement No. CE22/2006(HY) Cycle Tracks Connecting North West New Territories with North East New Territories – Investigation, Design and Construction

This project aims to provide an extension to the proposed cycle track network in the New Territories and associated supporting and recreational facilities; comprising 3 major sections and 3 minor sections. According to the website of CEDD, the cycle track section from Sheung Shui to Ma On Shan has been under construction.  And that from Sheung Shui to Tuen Mun will be under tender soon. However, this is considered far away from site and.cumulative impacts from this Project are therefore not considered.

4

Agreement No. CE53/2008(CE)
Planning and Engineering Study on

Development of Lok Ma Chau Loop - Investigation

 

The Development of the LMC Loop comprises the buildings, landscape and supporting infrastructure within and adjacent to the site. The eastern connection road lies within the study area of KTN NDA. Since the construction programme is likely to be concurrently with the LMC Loop, cumulative impact has been assessed for both construction and operational phases.

5

Construction of a Secondary Boundary Fence and new sections of Primary Boundary Fence and Boundary Patrol Road

The existing boundary fence from Mai Po to Lin Ma Hang will be reproduced or a secondary boundary fence will be erected under this project. The whole construction is expected to commence in 2011-2012 for completion in 2015-2016. Since this project will be completed prior to the commencement of NDA construction, cumulative environmental impact is not anticipated.

6

The proposed Northern Link of the railway

The proposed Northern Link will run between the existing West Rail Line at Kam Sheung Road and the Lok Ma Chau Terminus of the existing East Rail Line. It will intersect with the East Rail Line at a new station at Chau Tau of San Tin, where passengers can interchange with the East Rail Line. This project is still in planning stage and there is no implementation programme yet. Cumulative impacts from this Project are therefore not considered.

8

Agreement No. CE 20/2004(EP) North East New Territories (NENT) Landfill Extension – Feasibility Study

A Strategic Plan under this Study was developed for the landfill extensions and new sites for the disposal of solid wastes in the next 50 years. The proposed extension is southeast adjacent to the existing NENT Landfill and is outside the 500m study boundary of PC/TKL NDA which is subject to replanning in later stage. Thus, cumulative environmental impact is not anticipated.

9

Development of a Poultry Slaughtering and Processing Plant in Sheung Shui

According to the Government Press Release on 1st June 2010, the development of a poultry slaughtering centre would be shelved. Cumulative impacts from this Project are therefore not considered.

10

Drainage Master Plan Review for Yuen Long and North Districts

In view of changes in land uses and new developments planned within the northern area, this project has conducted numerical models for evaluating the hydraulic performance of the major rivers/channels. Further drainage improvement works for major rivers, upstream channels and the local flooding spots would be proposed by this project. The proposal is expected to be finalised in late 2010. Since the proposals of drainage works has not yet been finalised, cumulative impacts from this Project are therefore not considered.

11

Widening of Tolo Highway/ Fanling Highway between Island House Interchange and Fanling (Stage 2)

The project comprises (1) widening of a section of Fanling Highway of approximately 3 kilometers (km) long between Tai Hang and Wo Hop Shek Interchange from dual three-lane to dual four-lane carriageway;  and (2) widening of the southbound slip road at Wo Hop Shek Interchange. The tentative completion date of the project is from Yr 2015 to Yr 2018 but is still under review by HyD. Cumulative impacts from this Project have been assessed for both construction and operational phases.

12

Construction of cycle tracks and the associated supporting facilities from Sha Po Tsuen to Shek Sheung River

This Project (the EIAO DP portion) is for the Priority Phase of the proposed Cycle Track Network recommended in the FS.  According to the discussion with CEDD, the construction period is Yr 2014 – 2017. Cumulative impacts from this Project are thus considered.

13.

Planning and Engineering Study for Kwu Tung South - Feasibility Study

This project is under review and planning. No detailed information was available and thus not taken into account.

14.

Site formation and associated infrastructural works for

development of columbarium, crematorium and related facilities

at Sandy Ridge Cemetery

This Project comprises mainly the site formation of about 10 hectares of land and provision of associated infrastructural works, including roads, viaducts, tunnel, pedestrian walkway between Lo Wu MTR Station and the proposed columbarium facilities, drainage and sewerage works, waterworks and other utility services.

 

The site formation and associated infrastructural works will include designated projects under Schedule 2 of the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance (EIAO) (Cap. 499), such as road bridges and widening of a district distributor road, etc. which require environmental permits prior to construction and operation. An EIA will be conducted to address the environmental impact and mitigation measures will be proposed if necessary.

 

The site formation works will be carried out by phases for completion in 2022.

 

The location is far away from the sensitive uses from NDA sites (>500m) and thus not taken into account in this EIA.

15.

Regulation of Shenzhen River Stage IV

This project forms a part of Drainage Master Plan Study in Northern New Territories. The location of this project is about 5km away which is far away from site. The environmental impact including water quality would be mitigated to acceptable levels. Thus, cumulative environmental impact is not anticipated.

16.

Development of Organic Waste Treatment Facilities, Phase 2

This Project comprises mainly the construction and operation of Organic Waste Treatment Facilities, Phase 2 in Sha Ling.  The project would be completed by 2016.  The proposed location is more than 500m from the boundary of the FLN NDA.  Moreover, the environmental impact including air quality would be mitigated to acceptable levels. Thus, cumulative environmental impact is not anticipated.          

17.

Provision of Cremators at Wo Hop Shek Crematorium

This Project comprises mainly the demolition works in Phases I and II and the provision of seven cremators in Phase I as well as the additional two cremators under the future expansion phase.  The construction works would be completed by 2014 before the commencement of NDAs project.  The environmental impact in operation stage would be mitigated to acceptable levels. Since the proposed location is within 500m from the proposed NDA associated road network, the cumulative operational environmental impact has been considered.

18

EIA study for SCL (HUH – ADM)

The proposed Access Road at Lo Wu is an extension of the existing Drainage Services Department (DSD)’s maintenance access road adjacent to the Sheung Shui Treatment Works for connecting to the existing Lo Wu Marshalling Yard which is currently serving the East Rail Line. Works activities for the proposed access road extension would only involve minor construction works such as site clearance, road formation and concrete road slab laying, lasting for a short duration of about one month. The likely environmental impacts associated with the proposed works would mainly relate to the construction impacts. Considering that the proposed works would be minor in nature, limited scale (less than 20m) and short-term (last for about one month), significant cumulative environmental impacts arising from its construction is not anticipated.

 

2.6         Project Implementation Schedule

Detailed EIA assessments have been conducted and presented in the EIA report. Mitigation measures have also been identified and recommended. The Project Implementation Schedule (PIS) is given in Appendix 2-2. It specifies the extent, locations, time frame and responsibilities for the implementation of the environmental mitigation measures identified.


3            Project Organization

The proposed project organization and lines of communication with respect to environmental protection works are shown in Appendix 3-1.

Sufficient and suitably qualified professional and technical staff shall be employed by the respective parties to ensure full compliance with their duties and responsibilities, as required under the EM&A programme for the duration of the Project.

The leader of the Environmental Team (ET) shall be an independent party from the Contractor and has relevant professional qualifications, or have sufficient relevant EM&A experience subject to approval of the Engineer’s Representative (ER) and EPD. The ET Leader shall have at least 7 years of experience in conducting EM&A for infrastructure projects.  His / Her qualification shall be vetted by the ER.

The responsibilities of respective parties are:

The Contractor

·         Employ an Environmental Team (ET) to undertake monitoring, laboratory analysis and reporting of environmental monitoring and audit;

·         Provide assistance to ET in carrying out monitoring and auditing;

·         Submit proposals on mitigation measures in case of exceedances of Action and Limit levels in accordance with the Event and Action Plans;

·         Implement measures to reduce impact where Action and Limit levels are exceeded; and

·         Adhere to the agreed procedures for carrying out compliant investigation.

Environmental Team

·         Set up all the required environmental monitoring stations;

·         Monitor various environmental parameters as required in the EM&A Manual;

·         Analyse the EM&A data and review the success of EM&A programme to cost-effectively confirm the adequacy of mitigation measures implemented and the validity of the EIA predictions and to identify any adverse environmental impacts arising;

·         Carry out site inspection to investigate and audit the Contractors’ site practice, equipment and work methodologies with respect to pollution control and environmental mitigation, and take proactive actions to pre-empt problems;

·         Audit and prepare audit reports on the environmental monitoring data and site environmental conditions;

·         Report on the EM&A results to the IEC. Contractor, the ER and EPD or its delegated representative;

·         Recommend suitable mitigation measures to the Contractor in the case of exceedance of Action and Limit levels in accordance with the Event and Action Plans;

·         Undertake regular and ad-hoc on-site audits / inspections and report to the Contractor and the ER of any potential non-compliance; and

·         Follow up and close out non-compliance actions.

Engineer or Engineer’s Representative

·         Supervise the Contractor’s activities and ensure that the requirements in the EM&A Manual are fully complied with;

·         Inform the Contractor when action is required to reduce impacts in accordance with the Even and Action Plans;

·         Employ an IEC to audit the results of the EM&A works carried out by the ET; and

·         Comply with the agreed Event Contingency Plan in the event of any exceedance.

Independent Environmental Checker

·         Review the EM&A works performed by the ET (at not less than monthly intervals);

·         Audit the monitoring activities and results (at not less than monthly intervals);

·         Report the audit results to the ER and EPD in parallel;

·         Review the EM&A reports (monthly summary reports) submitted by the ET;

·         Review the proposal on mitigation measures submitted by the Contractor in accordance with the Event and Action Plans;

·         Check the mitigation measures submitted by the Contractor in accordance with the Event and Action Plans;

·         Check the mitigation measures that have been recommended in the EIA and this Manual, and ensure they are properly implemented in a timely manner, when necessary;

·         Report the findings of site inspections and other environmental performance reviews to ER and EPD;

·         Coordinate the monitoring and auditing works for all the on-going contracts in the area in order to identify possible sources / causes of exceedances and recommend suitable remedial actions where appropriate; and

·         Coordinate the assessment and response to complaints / enquires from locals, green groups, district councils or the public at large.


4            Air Quality

4.1         Introduction

The EIA has considered the potential air quality impacts during both the construction and operational phases of the Project.  Fugitive dust and odour would be the key impacts during the construction and operational phases respectively.

4.2         Mitigation Measures

The EIA Report has recommended dust control and odour control measures.  All the proposed mitigation measures are summarised in the Project Implementation Schedule (PIS) in Appendix 2-2.

4.3         Air Quality Parameters

4.3.1     Construction Dust

Monitoring and audit of the TSP levels shall be carried out by the ET to ensure that any deteriorating air quality could be readily detected and timely action taken to rectify the situation.

One-hour and 24-hour TSP levels should be measured to indicate the impacts of construction dust on air quality.  The 24-hour TSP levels shall be measured by following the standard high volume sampling method as set out in the Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 1 (Part 50).  Upon approval of the IEC, 1-hour TSP levels can be measured by direct reading method which is capable of producing comparable results as that by the high volume sampling method, to indicate short event impacts.

All relevant data including temperature, pressure, weather conditions, elapsed-time meter reading for the start and stop of the sampler, identification and weight of the filter paper, and any other local atmospheric factors affecting or affected by site conditions, etc., shall be recorded down in detail.  A sample data sheet is shown in Appendix 4-1.

4.3.2     Odour

The EIA Report has assessed the odour impact from potential sources. No adverse odour impact is anticipated with the implementation of mitigation measures. Monitoring of odour during the operational phase is therefore not required.

4.4         Monitoring Equipment

High volume samplers (HVSs) complying with the following specifications shall be used for carrying out the 1-hour and 24-hour TSP monitoring:

0.6 – 1.7 m3 per minute adjustable flow range;

Equipped with a timing / control device with +/1 5 minutes accuracy for 24 hours operations;

Installed with elapsed-time meter with +/- 2 minutes accuracy for 24 hours operation;

Capable of providing a minimum exposed are of 406cm2;

Flow control accuracy: +/-2.5% deviation over 24-hour sampling period;

Equipped with a shelter to protect the filer and sampler;

Incorporated with an electronic mass flow rate controller or other equivalent devices;

Equipped with a flow recorder for continuous monitoring;

Provided with a peaked roof inlet;

Incorporated with a manometer;

Able to hold and seal the filter paper to the sampler housing at horizontal position;

Easily changeable filter; and

Capable of operating continuously for a 24-hour period.

The ET is responsible for the provision, installation, operation, maintenance, dismantle of the monitoring equipment.  They shall ensure that sufficient number of HVSs with an appropriate calibration kit is available for carrying out the baseline monitoring, regular impact monitoring and ad hoc monitoring.  The HVSs shall be equipped with an electronic mass flow controller and be calibrated against a traceable standard at regular intervals.  All the equipment, calibration kit, filter papers, etc., shall be clearly labelled.

Initial calibration of dust monitoring equipment shall be conducted upon installation and thereafter at fortnightly intervals.  The transfer standard shall be traceable to the internationally recognized primary standard and be calibrated annually.  The concern parties such as IEC shall properly document the calibration data for future reference.  All the data should be converted into standard temperature and pressure condition.

The flow-rate of the sampler before and after the sampling exercise with the filter in position shall be verified to be constant and be recorded in the data sheet as mentioned in Appendix 4-1.

If the ET proposed to use a direct reading dust meter to measure 1-hour TSP levels, they shall submit sufficient information to the IEC to prove that the instrument is capable of achieving a comparable results to the HVS.  The instrument should also be calibrated regularly, and the 1-hour sampling shall be determined periodically by the HVS to check the validity and accuracy of the results measured by direct reading method.

Wind data monitoring equipment shall also be provided and set up for logging wind speed and wind direction near the dust monitoring locations.  The equipment installation location shall be proposed by the ET and agreed with the IEC.  For installation and shall be proposed by the ET and agreed with the IEC.  For installation and operation of wind data monitoring equipment, the following points shall be observed:

The wind sensors should be installed 10m above ground so that they are clear of obstructions or turbulence caused by buildings;

The wind data should be captured by a data logger, the data shall be downloaded for analysis at least once a month;

The wind data monitoring equipment should be re-calibrated at least once every six months; and

Wind direction should be divided into 16 sectors of 22.5 degrees each.

In exceptional situations, the ET may propose alternative methods to obtain representative wind data upon approval from the ER and agreement from the IEC.

4.5         Laboratory Measurement / Analysis

A clean laboratory with constant temperature and humidity control, and equipped with necessary measuring and conditioning instruments to handle the dust samples collected, shall be available for sample analysis, and equipment calibration and maintenance.  The laboratory should be HOKLAS accredited.

If a site laboratory is set up or a non-HOKLAS accredited laboratory is hired for carrying out the laboratory analysis, the laboratory equipment shall be approved by the ER and the measurement procedures shall be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the ER and IEC.  IEC shall regularly audit to the measurement performed by the laboratory to ensure the accuracy of measurement results.  The ET Leader shall provide the ER with one copy of the Title 40 of Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 1 (Part 50), Appendix B for his / her reference. 

Filter paper of size 8” X 10” shall be labelled before sampling.  It shall be a clean filter paper with no pinholes, and shall be conditioned in a humidity-controlled chamber for over 24-hours and be pre-weighed before use for the sampling.

After sampling, the filter paper loaded with dust shall be kept in a clean and tightly sealed plastic bag.  The filter paper shall then be returned to the laboratory for reconditioning in the humidity-controlled chamber followed by accurate weighing by an electronic balance with readout down to 0.1 mg.  The balance shall be regularly calibrated against a traceable standard.

4.6         Monitoring Locations

Figure 4.1a to Figure 4.1c and Table 4.1 show the locations of the proposed dust monitoring. The status and locations of air quality sensitive receivers may change after issuing this Manual.  If such cases exist, the ET Leader shall propose updated monitoring locations and seek approval from ER and agreement from the IEC.

 

Table 4.1: Proposed Monitoring Locations for Construction Dust

ID

NSR ID in EIA

Planned or Existing

Location/Description

KTN NDA

DMS-1

KTN-19

Planned

Nursery Classes and Kindergartens; Post Offices

DMS -2

KTN-90

Planned

Nursery Classes and Kindergartens (2 nos); District Elderly Community Centre

DMS -3

KTN-326

Planned

Village Resite

DMS -4

KTN-E162

Existing

Temporary Structure near Fanling Highway (near Pak Shek Au)

FLN NDA

DMS -5

FLN-20

Planned

Weapons Training Division

DMS -6

FLN-35

Planned

Village Resite

DMS -7

FLN-E62

Existing

Scattered Village Houses North of Proposed Potential Ecopark

DMS -8

FLN-E124

Existing

Noble Hill

DMS -9

FLN-243

Planned

Residential Buildings, Nursery Classes and Kindergartens, Neighbourhood Elderly Community Centre,  Residential Home for the Elderly, Post Office

DMS -10

FLN-E104

Existing

Choi Ngan House, Choi Po Court

DMS -11

FLN-E143

Existing

House near Tong Hang

 

When alternative monitoring locations are proposed, the proposed site should, as far as practicable:

be at the site boundary or such locations close to the major dust emission source;

be close to the sensitive receptors; and

take into account the prevailing meteorological conditions.

The ET shall agree with the ER in consultation with the IEC on the position of the HVS for the installation of the monitoring equipment.  When positioning the samplers, the following points shall be noted:

a)    a horizontal platform with appropriate support to secure the samplers against gusty wind should be provided;

b)    no two samplers should be placed less than 2 meters apart;

c)    the distance between the sampler and an obstacle, such as buildings, must be at least twice the height that the obstacle protrudes above the sampler;

d)    a minimum of 2 meters of separation from walls, parapets and penthouses is required for rooftop samplers;

e)    a minimum of 2 meters separation from any supporting structure, measured horizontally is required;

f)        no furnace or incinerator flue is nearby;

g)    airflow around the sampler is unrestricted;

h)   the sampler is more than 20 meters from the dripline;

i)        any wire fence and gate, to protect the sampler, should not cause any obstruction during monitoring;

j)         permission must be obtained to set up the samplers and to obtain access to the monitoring stations; and

k)    a secured supply of electricity is needed to operate the samplers.

4.7         Baseline Monitoring

Baseline monitoring shall be carried out at all of the designated monitoring locations for construction dust (see Table 4.1) for at least 14 consecutive days prior to the commissioning of major construction works to obtain daily 24-hour TSP samples.  The selected baseline monitoring stations should reflect baseline conditions at the impact stations.  One-hour sampling should also be done at least 3 times per day while the highest dust impact is expected. 

During the baseline monitoring, there should not be any major construction or dust generation activities in the vicinity of the monitoring stations.  Before commencing baseline monitoring, the ET shall inform the IEC of the baseline monitoring programme such that, if required, the ER can conduct on-site audit to ensure accuracy of the baseline monitoring results.

In case the baseline monitoring cannot be carried out at the designated monitoring locations, the ET Leader shall carry out the monitoring at alternative locations that can effectively represent the baseline conditions at the impact monitoring locations.  The alternative baseline monitoring locations shall be approved by the ER and agreed with the IEC.

In exceptional cases, when insufficient baseline monitoring data or questionable results are obtained, the ET shall liaise with the IEC and EPD to agree on an appropriate set of data to be used as a baseline reference and submit to ER for approval.

Ambient conditions may vary seasonally and shall be reviewed once every three months.  When the ambient conditions have changed and a repeat of the baseline monitoring is required to be carried out for obtaining the updated baseline levels, the monitoring should be at times when the Contractor's activities are not generating dust, at least in the proximity of the monitoring stations.  Should change in ambient conditions be determined, the baseline levels and, in turn, the air quality criteria, should be revised.  The revised baseline levels and air quality criteria should be agreed with the IEC and EPD.

4.8         Impact Monitoring

The ET shall carry out impact monitoring at all designated monitoring locations for construction dust (see Table 4.1) during the entire construction period.  For regular impact monitoring, the sampling frequency of at least once in every 6 days, shall be strictly observed at all the monitoring stations for 24-hour TSP monitoring.  For 1-hour TSP monitoring, the sampling frequency of at least 3 times in every 6 days should be undertaken when the highest dust impact occurs.  Before commencing impact monitoring, the ET shall inform the IEC of the impact monitoring programme such that the IEC can conduct on-site audit to ensure accuracy of the monitoring results.

The specific time to start and stop the 24-hour TSP monitoring shall be clearly defined for each location and be strictly followed by the ET.

In case of non-compliance with the air quality criteria, more frequent monitoring, as specified in the Action Plan in the following section, shall be conducted within the specified timeframe after the result is obtained.  This additional monitoring shall be continued until the excessive dust emission or the deterioration in air quality is rectified, and agreed with the ER and the IEC.

4.9         Action / Limit Levels

The baseline monitoring results form the basis for determining the air quality criteria for the impact monitoring. The ET shall compare the construction dust impact monitoring results with air quality criteria set up for 24-hour TSP and 1-hour TSP.  Table 4.2 shows the air quality criteria, namely Action and Limit levels to be used.

Table 4.2: Action / Limit Levels for Construction Dust

Parameters

Action

Limit

24-hour TSP Level in mg/m3

For baseline level £ 200 mg/m3, Action level = (baseline level * 1.3 + Limit level)/2;

For baseline level > 200 mg/m3 Action level = Limit level

260mg/m3

1-hour TSP Level in mg /m3

For baseline level £ 384 mg/m3, Action level = (baseline level * 1.3 + Limit level)/2;

For baseline level > 384 mg/m3, Action level = Limit level

500mg/m3

 

4.10      Event and Action Plan

Should non-compliance of the air quality criteria occur, actions in accordance with the Action Plan in Table 4.3 shall be carried out.

Table 4.3: Event / Action Plan for Construction Dust

Event

Action

ET

IEC

ER

Contractor

Action Level exceedance for one sample

1. Identify source, investigate the causes of exceedance and propose remedial measures;

2. Inform IEC and ER;

3. Repeat measurement to confirm finding;

4. Increase monitoring frequency to daily.

1. Check monitoring data submitted by ET;

2. Check Contractor’s working method.

1. Notify Contractor.

1. Rectify any unacceptable practice;

2. Amend working methods if appropriate.

Action Level exceedance for two or more consecutive samples

1. Identify source;

2. Inform IEC and ER;

3. Advise the ER on the effectiveness of the proposed remedial measures;

4. Repeat measurements to confirm findings;

5. Increase monitoring frequency to daily;

6. Discuss with IEC and Contractor on remedial actions required;

7. If exceedance continues, arrange meeting with IEC and ER;

8. If exceedance stops, cease additional monitoring.

1. Check monitoring data submitted by ET;

2. Check Contractor’s working method;

3. Discuss with ET and Contractor on possible remedial measures;

4. Advise the ET on the effectiveness of the proposed remedial measures;

5. Supervise Implementation of remedial measures.

1. Confirm receipt of notification of failure in writing;

2. Notify Contractor;

3. Ensure remedial measures properly implemented.

 

1. Submit proposals for remedial to ER within 3 working days of notification;

2. Implement the agreed proposals;

3. Amend proposal if appropriate.

Limit Level exceedance for one sample

1. Identify source, investigate the causes of exceedance and propose remedial measures;

2. Inform IEC, ER, and EPD;

3. Repeat measurement to confirm finding;

4. Increase monitoring frequency to daily;

5. Assess effectiveness of Contractor’s remedial actions and keep IEC, EPD and ER informed of the results.

1. Check monitoring data submitted by ET;

2. Check Contractor’s working method;

3. Discuss with ET and Contractor on possible remedial measures;

4. Advise the ER on the effectiveness of the proposed remedial measures;

5. Supervise implementation of remedial measures.

1. Confirm receipt of notification of failure in writing;

2. Notify Contractor;

3. Ensure remedial measures properly implemented.

1. Take immediate action to avoid further exceedance;

2. Submit proposals for remedial actions to IEC within 3 working days of notification;

3. Implement the agreed proposals;

4. Amend proposal if appropriate.

Limit Level exceedance for two or more consecutive samples

1. Notify IEC, ER and EPD;

2. Identify source;

3. Repeat measurement to confirm findings;

4. Increase monitoring frequency to daily;

5. Carry out analysis of Contractor’s working procedures to determine possible mitigation to be implemented;

6. Arrange meeting with IEC and ER to discuss the remedial actions to be taken;

7. Assess effectiveness of Contractor’s remedial actions and keep IEC, EPD and ER informed of the results;

8. If exceedance stops, cease additional monitoring.

1. Discuss amongst ER, ET, and Contractor on the potential remedial actions;

2. Review Contractor’s remedial actions whenever necessary to assure their effectiveness and advise the ER accordingly;

3. Supervise the implementation of remedial measures.

1. Confirm receipt of notification of failure in writing;

2. Notify Contractor;

3. In consultation with the IEC, agree with the Contractor on the remedial measures to be implemented;

4. Ensure remedial measures properly implemented;

5. If exceedance continues, consider what portion of the work is responsible and instruct the Contractor to stop that portion of work until the exceedance is abated.

1. Take immediate action to avoid further exceedance;

2. Submit proposals for remedial actions to IEC within 3 working days of notification;

3. Implement the agreed proposals;

4. Resubmit proposals if problem still not under control;

5. Stop the relevant portion of works as determined by the ER until the exceedance is abated.

Notes:

ET – Environmental Team

IEC – Independent Environmental Checker

ER – Engineer’s Representative


5            Noise

5.1         Introduction

The EIA has considered the potential airborne noise impacts during both the construction and operational phases of the Project.  Noise monitoring is proposed to be conducted during construction and operational phase.

5.2         Mitigation Measures

5.2.1     Construction Phase

The EIA Report has recommended construction noise control measures including the use of quiet plant and temporary noise barriers, etc. All the proposed mitigation measures are summarised in the PIS in Appendix 2-2. 

5.2.1     Operational Phase

Mitigation measures of noise barriers would need to be implemented along the roadworks for NDAs.  These mitigation measures include the following and are shown in Appendix 5-1 and summarised in the PIS in Appendix 2-2.

5.3         Noise Monitoring Parameters for Construction Phase

Construction noise level shall be measured in terms of the A-weighted equivalent continuous sound pressure level (Leq).  Leq 30 min shall be used as the monitoring parameter for the time period between 0700 and 1900 hours on normal weekdays.  For all other time periods, Leq 5 min shall be employed for comparison with the Noise Control Ordinance (NCO) criteria.

As supplementary information for data auditing, statistical results such as L10 and L90 shall also be obtained for reference.  A sample data record sheet is shown in Appendix 5-2 for reference.

5.4         Monitoring Equipment for Construction Phase

As referred to in the Technical Memorandum (TM) issued under the NCO, sound level meters in compliance with the International Electrotechnical Commission Publications 651: 1979 (Type 1) and 804: 1985 (Type 1) specifications shall be used for carrying out the noise monitoring.  Immediately prior to and following each noise measurement, the accuracy of the sound level meter shall be checked using an acoustic calibrator generating a known sound pressure level at a known frequency.  Measurements may be accepted as valid only if the calibration level from before and after the noise measurement agrees to within 1.0 dB.

Noise measurements should be made in accordance with standard acoustical principles and practices in relation to weather conditions.

The ET is responsible for the provision, installation, operation, maintenance, dismantle of the monitoring equipment.  He shall ensure that sufficient noise measuring equipment and associated instrumentation are available for carrying out the baseline monitoring, regular impact monitoring and ad hoc monitoring.  All the equipment and associated instrumentation shall be clearly labelled.

5.5         Noise Monitoring Locations for Construction Phase

The locations of construction airborne noise monitoring stations are summarised in Table 5.1 and shown in Figure 5.1a to Figure 5.1c.

Table 5.1: Proposed Construction Noise Monitoring Locations

Monitoring Station ID

NSR ID in EIA (Assessment Point)

Planned or Existing

Remarks

KTN NDA

CP-NMS1

KTN-45 (R3002)

Existing

Residential Buildings at Ma Tso Lung

CP-NMS2

KTN-20 (R3000)

Existing

Residential Buildings at Ma Tso Lung

CP-NMS3

A3-7 (R2141)

Existing

Fung Kong Garden

CP-NMS4

D1-9 (R8203)

Existing

Sin Wai Nunnery

CP-NMS5

B2-7 (R8009)

Planned

Primary School

FLN NDA

CP-NMS6

FNE-2 (R1382)

Existing

Choi Yuen Estate

CP-NMS7

A1-2 (R8508)

Existing

N/A

CP-NMS8

FN-18 (R4242)

Existing

Man Kok Village

CP-NMS9

FN-22 (R4316)

Existing

Woodland Crest

CP-NMS10

FN-31 (R4421)

Existing

Belair Monte

CP-NMS11

FS-11 (R8509)

Existing

Scattered Village Houses in Tong Hang

CP-NMS12

D3-11 (R8602)

Planned

Secondary School

 

The ET shall select the monitoring location based on the locations of the construction activities and seek approval from ER and agreement from the IEC and EPD to the proposal.  The monitoring locations should be chosen based on the following criteria:

·         At locations close to the major site activities which are likely to have noise impacts;

·         Close to the most affected existing noise sensitive receivers; and

·         For monitoring locations located in the vicinity of the sensitive receivers, care should be taken to cause minimal disturbance to the occupants during monitoring.

The monitoring station shall normally be at a point 1 m from the exterior of the sensitive receiver building facade and be at a position 1.2 m above the ground.  If there is problem with access to the normal monitoring position, an alternative position may be chosen, and a correction to the measurements shall be made.  For reference, a correction of +3 dB(A) shall be made to the free field measurements.  The ET shall agree with the IEC on the monitoring position and the corrections adopted.  Once the positions for the monitoring stations are chosen, the baseline monitoring and the impact monitoring shall be carried out at the same positions.

The IEC may, depending on site conditions and monitoring results, decide whether additional monitoring locations shall be included or any monitoring locations could be removed/relocated during any stage of the construction phase.

5.6         Baseline Monitoring for Construction Phase

The ET shall carry out baseline noise monitoring prior to the commencement of the construction works.  There shall not be any construction activities in the vicinity of the stations during the baseline monitoring.  Continuous baseline noise monitoring for the A-weighted levels Leq, L10 and L90 shall be carried out daily for a period of at least two weeks in a sample period of 5 minutes or 30 minutes between 0700 and 1900, and 5 minutes between 1900 and 0700.  A schedule on the baseline monitoring shall be submitted to the ER and IEC for approval before the monitoring starts.

In exceptional cases, when insufficient baseline monitoring data or questionable results are obtained, the ET shall liaise with the IEC and EPD to agree on an appropriate set of data to be used as a baseline reference and submit to the ER for approval.

5.7         Impact Monitoring for Construction Phase

During normal construction working hour (0700-1900 Monday to Saturday), monitoring of Leq, 30min noise levels (as six consecutive Leq, 5min readings) shall be carried out at the agreed monitoring locations once every week in accordance with the methodology in the TM. 

In case of non-compliance with the construction noise criteria, more frequent monitoring, as specified in the Action Plan, shall be carried out.  This additional monitoring shall be continued until the recorded noise levels are rectified or proved to be irrelevant to the construction activities.

A schedule on the compliance monitoring shall be submitted to the ER and IEC for approval before the monitoring starts.

5.8         Action / Limit Levels

The ET shall compare the construction noise monitoring results with noise criteria.  Table 5.2 shows the noise criteria, namely Action and Limit levels to be used.

Table 5.2 - Action and Limit Levels for Construction Noise

Time Period

Action Level

Limit Level

0700 - 1900 hours on normal weekdays

When one documented complaint is received

75 dB(A) *

Note :    

If works are to be carried out during restricted hours, the conditions stipulated in the construction noise permit issued by the Noise Control Authority have to be followed.

* Reduce to 70 dB(A) for schools and 65 dB(A) during school examination periods.

5.9         Event and Action Plan for Construction Noise

Should non-compliance of the noise criteria occur, actions in accordance with the Action Plan in Table 5.3 shall be carried out.

Table 5.3 - Event / Action Plan for Construction Noise

Event

Action

ET

IEC

ER

Contractor

Action Level Exceedance

1. Notify IEC and ER;

2. Carry out investigation;

3. Report the results of investigation to the IEC, ER and Contractor;

4. Discuss with the Contractor and formulate remedial measures;

5. Increase monitoring frequency to check mitigation effectiveness.

1. Review the analysed results submitted by the ET;

2. Review the proposed remedial measures by the Contractor and advise the ER accordingly;

3. Supervise the implementation of remedial measures.

1. Confirm receipt of notification of failure in writing;

2. Notify Contractor;

3. Require Contractor to propose remedial measures for the analysed noise problem;

4. Ensure remedial measures are properly implemented

1. Submit noise mitigation proposals to IEC;

2. Implement noise mitigation proposals.

Limit Level Exceedance

1. Identify source;

2. Inform IEC, ER and EPD;

3. Repeat measurements to confirm findings;

4. Increase monitoring frequency;

5. Carry out analysis of Contractor’s working procedures to determine possible mitigation to be implemented;

6. Inform IEC, ER and EPD the causes and actions taken for the exceedances;

7. Assess effectiveness of Contractor’s remedial actions and keep IEC, EPD and ER informed of the results;

8. If exceedance stops, cease additional monitoring.

1. Discuss amongst ER, ET, and Contractor on the potential remedial actions;

2. Review Contractors remedial actions whenever necessary to assure their effectiveness and advise the ER accordingly;

3. Supervise the implementation of remedial measures.

1. Confirm receipt of notification of failure in writing;

2. Notify Contractor;

3. Require Contractor to propose remedial measures for the analysed noise problem;

4. Ensure remedial measures properly implemented;

5. If exceedance continues, consider what portion of the work is responsible and instruct the Contractor to stop that portion of work until the exceedance is abated.

1. Take immediate action to avoid further exceedance;

2. Submit proposals for remedial actions to IEC  within 3 working days of notification;

3. Implement the agreed proposals;

4. Resubmit proposals if problem still not under control;

5. Stop the relevant portion of works as determined by the ER until the exceedance is abated.

Notes:

ET – Environmental Team

IEC – Independent Environmental Checker

ER – Engineer’s Representative

 

5.10      Impact Monitoring / Commissioning Test for Operational Phase

Road Traffic Noise

Traffic noise monitoring shall be carried out at all the designated traffic noise monitoring stations.  The following is an initial guide on the traffic noise monitoring requirements during the operational phase:

·         One set of measurements at the morning traffic peak hour on normal weekdays.

·         One set of measurement at the evening traffic peak hour on normal weekdays.

·         The traffic noise shall be measured in terms of the A-weighted L10 (1 hour) over 2 hourly periods.  As supplementary information for data auditing, statistical results such as Leq, L90 and Lmax shall also be obtained for reference.

·         A concurrent census of traffic flow and percentage heavy vehicles shall be conducted for the far-side and near-side of the road and the existing road network in the vicinity of each measurement points.

·         Average vehicle speed estimated for far-side and near-side of the road and the existing road network in the vicinity of each measuring points.

·         The two sets of monitoring data shall be obtained within the first year of operation.

·         Measured noise levels shall be compared with the predicted noise levels by applying appropriate conversion corrections to allow for the traffic conditions at the time of measurement.

Fixed Noise

Fixed noise commissioning test shall be carried out at fixed noise sources such as District Cooling System, Sewage Pumping Station, Pumping Station, and Sewage Treatment Plant Extension to determine the maximum allowable sound power level as stated in the EIA report. The SWL criteria shall be implemented by Contractor before operation of the Project, in order to ensure of the compliance of the operational airborne noise levels with the TM’s stipulated noise standard.

For the Sports Ground / Sports Complex, upon any rehearsal and main event, the organiser should appoint an appropriate person to monitor the noise situation by sound level meter at the most affected noise sensitive receivers. That person should provide feedback to the organizer for immediate action, such as adjustment of the speaker output level, whenever necessary. Noise measurement should be conducted at least hourly during the event, of which the results should be recorded properly and submitted to the venue operator subsequently. The venue operator will provide the recorded measurements for reference to EPD when requested for any necessary follow up investigation.

The ET should prepare and deposit to EPD, at least 6 months before the operation os the Project, a commissioning test for the purpose of fixed noise. The commissioning should contain locations, measurement schedules, methodology of noise measurement including noise measurement procedures and data analysis of measured noise level. The commissioning test should be certified by the ET Leader before deposit with EPD.

 


5.11       Methodology for Operational Phase

For the traffic noise, the measured/monitored noise levels shall be compared with the predicted results and the predicted traffic flow conditions (calculated noise levels based on concurrent traffic census obtained).  In case discrepancies are observed, explanation shall be given to justify the discrepancies.

5.12      Noise Monitoring Stations for Operational Phase

The locations of operational airborne noise monitoring stations are summarised in Table 5.4 and shown in Figure 5.1a to Figure 5.1c.

Table 5.4 - Proposed Traffic Noise Monitoring Locations

Monitoring Station ID

NSR ID in EIA (Assessment Point)

Planned or Existing

Remarks

KTN NDA

 

 

 

OP-NMS1

KTN-11 (R1103)

Existing

Europa Garden Phase I

OP-NMS2

KTN-9 (R1086)

Existing

Valais

OP-NMS3

KTN-9 (R1089)

Existing

Valais

OP-NMS4

B2-6 (R3421)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS5

B2-10 (R2764)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS6

C1-3 (R2021)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS7

A2-2 (R2623)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS8

D1-7 (R2786)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS9

C1-3 (R2022)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS10

H1-1 (R1506)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS11

D1-11 (R2830)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS12

E1-3 (R3702)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS13

A3-3 (R2724)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS14

A2-2 (R2628)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS15

A1-2 (R2503)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS16

B2-5 (R3402)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS17

A1-9 (R2602)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS18

A1-8 (R2583)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS19

B2-10 (R2762)

Planned

N/A

FLN NDA

 

 

 

OP-NMS31

FNE-1 (R1363)

Existing

Tai Tau Leng

OP-NMS32

FNE-2 (R1382)

Existing

Choi Yuen Estate

OP-NMS33

A1-11 (R4982)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS34

B1-7 (R5004)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS35

B3-12 (R5281)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS36

FN-8 (R4141)

Existing

Scattered Village Houses North of Proposed Potential Ecopark

OP-NMS37

FN-8 (R4151)

Existing

Scattered Village Houses North of Proposed Potential Ecopark

OP-NMS38

FN-26 (R4344)

Existing

Good View New Village

OP-NMS39

D2-9 (R5362)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS40

D2-12 (R5382)

Planned

N/A

OP-NMS41

FS-1 (R4541)

Existing

Scattered Village Houses East of Ma Wat River and West of Wing Ning Wai

OP-NMS42

FS-11 (R4661)

Existing

Scattered Village Houses in Tong Hang

OP-NMS43

RWHS1 (RWHS1)

Existing

Scattered Village Houses in Wo Hop Shek

 

The ET shall select the monitoring location based on the locations of the construction activities and seek approval from ER and agreement from the IEC and EPD to the proposal.  The monitoring locations should be chosen based on the following criteria:

·         At locations close to the noise mitigation measures such as noise barriers;

·         Close to the most affected existing noise sensitive receivers; and

·         For monitoring locations located in the vicinity of the sensitive receivers, care should be taken to cause minimal disturbance to the occupants during monitoring.

The monitoring station shall normally be at a point 1 m from the exterior of the sensitive receiver building facade and be at a position 1.2 m above the ground.  If there is problem with access to the normal monitoring position, an alternative position may be chosen, and a correction to the measurements shall be made.  For reference, a correction of +3 dB(A) shall be made to the free field measurements.  The ET shall agree with the IEC on the monitoring position and the corrections adopted.


6            Water Quality

6.1         Introduction

The EIA Report has assessed the water quality impacts associated with the Project.  According to the EIA Report, the water quality impact could be minimised with the implementation of mitigation measures. The water quality monitoring programme as discussed below could ensure the implementation of the recommended mitigation measures and provide continue improvements to the environmental conditions.

6.2         Mitigation Measures

The EIA Report has recommended good site practices as the construction phase mitigation measures.  All the proposed mitigation measures are summarised in the Project Implementation Schedule (PIS) in Appendix 2-2.

6.3         Monitoring Locations

Water quality monitoring at the rivers is required during the construction period.

The water quality monitoring stations and control stations are shown in Figure 6.1a to Figure 6.1b.  The proposed locations are classified as Impact Station and Control Station according to their functions.  The ET shall seek approval from IEC and EPD for any alternative monitoring locations.

Table 6.1: Proposed Water Quality Monitoring Stations for Baseline and Construction Phase Monitoring

Station

Description

Locations

Measurement Periods

KTN NDA

CS1

Control Station for KTN NDA

Centreline of river, upstream of the channel

During construction of channel

IS1

Impact Station for KTN

Centreline of river, downstream of the channel

During construction of channel

FLN NDA

CS2

Control Station for FLN NDA

Centreline of river, upstream of the channel

During construction of channel

IS2

Impact Station for FLN NDA

Centreline of river, downstream of the channel

During construction of channel

 

6.4         Monitoring Parameters

The monitoring shall normally be established by measuring the Dissolved Oxygen (DO), temperature, turbidity, pH, Suspended Solids (SS), unionized ammonia, nitrate nitrogen and orthophosphate at all designated locations as specified in Section 6.3 above.

Replicate in-situ measurements and samples collected from each independent sampling event shall be collected to ensure a robust statistically interpretable database.  DO, temperature, pH and turbidity should be measured in-situ whereas SS should be determined by an accredited laboratory.

Other relevant data shall also be recorded, including monitoring location / position, time, water depth, weather conditions and any special phenomena or work underway at the construction site.

Measurements shall be taken at 3 water depths, namely, 1m below water surface, mid-depth and 1m above river bed, except where the water depth is less than 6m, the mid-depth station may be omitted. Should the water depth be less than 3m, only the mid-depth station will be monitored.

6.5         Baseline Monitoring

Baseline conditions for water quality shall be established and agreed with EPD prior to commencement of construction works in the rivers.  The purpose of the baseline monitoring is to establish ambient conditions prior to the commencement of the works and to demonstrate the suitability of the proposed impact and control monitoring stations.

The baseline conditions shall normally be established by measuring the water quality parameters as specified in Section 6.4. The measurement shall be taken at all designated monitoring stations, 3 days per week, for four weeks prior to the commencement of the works.

There shall not be any construction activities in the vicinity of the staions during the baseline monitoring.

In the exceptional case when insufficient baseline monitoring data or questionable results are obtained, the ET Leader shall seek approval from the IEC and EPD on an appropriate set of data to be used as baseline reference.

6.6         Impact Monitoring

The impact monitoring shall be conducted during the works period. The purpose of impact monitoring is to ensure the implementation of the recommended mitigation measures, provide effective control of any malpractices, and provide continuous improvements to the environmental conditions.

The monitoring shall be undertaken three days per week at all the designated monitoring stations. The interval between two sets of monitoring shall not be less than 36 hours except where there are exceedances of Action and/or Limit Levels, in which case the monitoring frequency will be increased.

The water quality parameters as specified in Section 6.4 shall be measured.

6.7         Verification Monitoring

The ET shall propose and implement a verification monitoring programme in light of latest stormwater drainage plan to verify the efficiency and effectiveness of silt trap and cleaning frequency of non-point source loading during rainstorm events. The verification monitoring programme, including parameters and frequencies, shall be verified by IEC and approved by EPD prior to measurement.

 

6.8         Monitoring Equipments

6.8.1     Dissolved Oxygen and Temperature Measuring Equipment

The dissolved oxygen (DO) measuring instruments should be portable and weatherproof. The equipment should also complete with cable and sensor, and DC power source. It should be capable of measuring:

·        A DO level in the range of 0 – 20 mg/L and 0 – 200% saturation; and

·        A temperature of 0 – 45 degree Celsius

The equipment should have a membrane electrode with automatic temperature compensation complete with a cable.

Should salinity compensation not be built-in to the DO equipment, in-situ salinity should be measured to calibrate the DO measuring instruments prior to each measurement.

6.8.2     pH Measuring Equipments

A portable pH meter capable of measuring a pH range between 0.0 and 14.0 shall be provided under the specified conditions (e.g., Orion Model 250A or an approved similar instrument).

6.8.3     Turbidity Measuring Equipments

The turbidity measuring instruments should be a portable and weatherproof with DC power source.  It should have a photoelectric sensor capable of measuring turbidity level between 0 - 1000 NTU (for example, Hach model 2100P or an approved similar instrument).

6.8.4     Turbidity Measuring Equipments

The turbidity measuring instruments should be a portable and weatherproof with DC power source.  It should have a photoelectric sensor capable of measuring turbidity level between 0 - 1000 NTU (for example, Hach model 2100P or an approved similar instrument).

6.8.5     Water Depth Detector

A portable, battery-operated echo sounder should be used for water depths determination at each designated monitoring station.  The detector can either be hand held or affixed to the bottom of the work boat, if the same vessel is to be used throughout the monitoring programme.

6.8.6     Water Sampler

A water sampler is required for SS monitoring. It should comprise a transparent PVC cylinder, with a capacity of not less than 2 litres, which can be effectively sealed with l