This section summarizes the requirements on
environmental monitoring and audits for the construction and operation of the
Designated Project (DP) based on the assessment results of various
environmental issues. Details of the Environmental Monitoring and Auditing
(EM&A) programme can be referred to the separate EM&A manual.
A project organisation consisting of the
Engineerís Representative (ER), Independent Environmental Checker (IEC),
Environmental Team (ET), Project Proponent (Civil Engineering and Development
Department) and Contractor should be established to take on the
responsibilities for environmental protection for the Project. The ET and IEC
will be appointed by the Project Proponent to conduct independent auditing on
the overall EM&A programme including environmental and operation
monitoring, implementation of mitigation measures, Environmental Monitoring and
Audit (EM&A) submissions, and any other submission required under the
Environmental Permit (EP). The organisation, responsibilities of respective
parties and lines of communication with respect to environmental protection
works are given in the EM&A Manual.
EM&A is an important aspect in the EIA
process which specifies the timeframe and responsibilities for the
implementation of environmental mitigation measures. The requirements on
environmental monitoring (including baseline and impact monitoring) are given
in the EM&A Manual.
A project specific EM&A Manual to the
Project has been prepared as part of the EIAO submission with reference to the
latest design information available and Environmental Protection Departmentís
(EPD) generic EM&A Manual. The project specific EM&A Manual highlights
the following issues:
Responsibilities of the Contractor, the Engineer
or ER, ET, and the IEC under the context of EM&A;
Project organisation for the EM&A works;
The basis for, and description of the broad
approach underlying the EM&A programme;
Details of the methodologies to be adopted,
including all laboratories and analytical procedures, and details on quality
assurance and quality control programme;
The rationale on which the environmental
monitoring data will be evaluated and interpreted;
Definition of Action and Limit Levels;
Establishment of Event and Action Plans;
Requirements for reviewing pollution sources and
working procedures required in the event of non-compliance with the
environmental criteria and complaints; and
Requirements for presentation of environmental
monitoring and audit data and appropriate reporting procedures.
The Contractor shall be requested to review
the mitigation measures and Environmental Mitigation Implementation
Schedule (EMIS) with respect to the design developments and construction
methodology. In the case where the Contractor needs to update the mitigation
measures and the EMIS, an updated EM&A Manual shall be submitted to
the EPD for approval. The Contractor shall seek EPDís prior approval on these
amendments before construction commences.
A EMIS has been prepared and
included in Appendix 13.1 and in the EM&A
Manual to summarise all the proposed mitigation measures to be
implemented during the design, construction and operation phases of the
Project. The implementation responsibilities have also
been identified in the EMIS. The EM&A Manual also
presents the requirements for environmental monitoring and auditing (e.g.
monitoring and audit frequency), throughout the construction and operation
The Contractor should review the mitigation
measures and EMIS with respect to the design developments and construction
methodology as appropriate. In case the Contractor needs to update the
mitigation measures and EMIS, the EM&A Manual should be updated
The Contractor will be requested to
implement and operate a monitoring programme throughout
the entire construction and operation period of the Project. This
mechanism will include a system to report the monitoring results on the Project
Proponentís website within a period of time, to be agreed by EPD, after the
relevant monitoring data are collected. In cases where exceedance is
found, the Contractor and ET should take immediate actions to implement
remediation measures following the procedures specified in the EM&A Manual.
Detailed requirements of the
EM&A programme have been described in the EM&A Manual.
Measurements and activities that shall be conducted in accordance with the
requirements in the EM&A Manual are summarised as follows:
Baseline monitoring (construction dust, airborne
noise, water, etc.);
Impact monitoring (construction dust, airborne
noise, water, etc.);
Remedial actions in accordance with the Event
and Action Plan within the timeframe in case the specified criteria in the
EM&A Manual were exceeded;
Commissioning tests for the operation of the
Project (fixed noise impact);
Logging and keeping records of monitoring
Preparation and submission of Baseline, Monthly
and Final EM&A Reports.
Air Quality Impact
Construction dust monitoring, regular audits
and site inspections should be carried out during construction phase to ensure
that dust level will comply with the relevant criteria and the dust suppression
measures as recommended in this EIA report and the EM&A Manual are properly
implemented by the Contractor.
Monitoring and audit are not required for
Construction noise monitoring and regular
site audit should be carried out during construction phase to ensure the
construction noise level will comply with the relevant standard and the
proposed mitigation measures as recommended in this EIA Report and the EM&A
Manual are properly implemented by the Contractor.
Road traffic noise levels should be
monitored at representative NSRs, which are in the vicinity of the recommended
direct mitigation measures. The purpose of the monitoring is
to oversee the environmental performance of the development project by comparing
the road traffic noise impact predictions with the actual impacts.
Monitoring of operation noise from the
planned fixed noise sources (i.e. PTI) during the testing and
commissioning stage is recommended to verify the compliance with the EIAO-TM
Water Quality Impact
Regular audits and site inspections should
be carried out during construction phase to ensure that the water quality
will comply with the relevant criteria and the mitigation measures
recommended in this EIA Report and EM&A Manual are properly implemented by
Based on the findings from the water quality
impact assessment, no unacceptable impacts are expected during the
operational phase. No monitoring programme specific to the operation
phase is required.
Sewerage and Sewage Treatment Implications
The sewage generated during the construction
stage from the on-site workforce will be collected in chemical toilets and
disposed of off-site. Therefore, no sewerage impacts are expected from the site
during the construction phase. As such, environmental monitoring and audit of
the sewerage system is considered not required.
impact is expected from the site during
the operation phase, therefore environmental monitoring and audit of
the sewerage system is considered not required.
The quantity and timing for the generation
of various waste streams during the construction phase have been estimated.
Measures including the opportunity for on-site sorting, reusing excavated
materials and maximizing waste reduction are devised in the construction
methodology to minimise the surplus materials to be disposed off-site. Proper
disposal of chemical and clinical wastes should be via a licensed waste
Regular audits and site inspections should
be carried out to ensure the good site practices and mitigation measures
recommended are properly implemented by the Contractor. Wastes generated during
the construction activities should be audited regularly by the ET to determine
if waste is being managed in accordance with approved procedures and the site
WMP. The audit should look at all aspects of on-site waste management practices
including waste generation, storage, recycling, transport and disposal.
Apart from site inspection, documents
including licences, permits, disposal and recycling records should be reviewed
and audited for compliance with the legislations and contract requirements. In
addition, the routine site inspections should check whether the implementation
of the recommended good site practices, waste reduction measures, and other
waste management mitigation measures are in place.
With the appropriate handling, storage and
removal of waste arisings during the construction and operation of the Project,
the potential to cause adverse environmental impacts would be minimized.
The land contamination assessment examined
the potential contaminative land use within the assessment area and their
potential impacts to future land use. Potentially contaminated uses have been
identified within the Project Site. Given the identified potentially
contaminated sites are still in operation and the development will only
commence in stages, site investigation is unlikely to be carried out at this
stage and shall only begin after the land has been reverted to
Government. †Upon the land has been reverted to
Government and site clearance, a re-appraisal and a
supplementary CAP, incorporation of findings covering the entire assessment
area and updated sampling and testing strategy, shall be prepared and submitted
to EPD for approval. Site investigation and lab analyses shall commence after
the approval of the supplementary CAP by EPD.
Following the completion of SI works, the SI
results shall be presented in the Contamination Assessment Report (CAR) for
submission to EPD. If remediation is required, Remediation Action Plan (RAP)
shall be prepared with the purpose to set remediation goals and specify
remediation monitoring and measurements to monitor remediation progress. The
RAP shall be submitted to EPD for approval before the commencement of
Remediation works, if necessary, would be
carried out at the contaminated sites identified in the future RAP as detailed
in Section 8 of the EIA Report prior to commencement of construction.
Mitigation measures as outlined in the future RAP approved by EPD shall be
implemented throughout the remediation works. The EM&A requirements shall be
carried out in the form of regular site inspection to ensure the recommended
mitigation measures are properly implemented and findings of the audit shall be
reported in the EM&A reports.
Given that any contaminated soil and/or
groundwater would be remediated prior to the development, there is no land
contamination issue anticipated during the operation phase. As such, EM&A
during operation phase for land contamination is not considered necessary.
The ecological impact assessment examined
the residual impacts of the proposed development. Among the habitat loss, the
loss of woodland habitats would be mitigated by the compensatory woodland
planting, and the affected plant species of conservation importance would be
mitigated by preservation and transplantation. Besides, a management plan will
be formulated to conserve as well as to further enhance the ecological values
in Sub-Areas 2 to 4.
Monitoring on the compensatory planting
woodland should be performed on regular basis after the first planting, to
monitor the survival of trees and establishment of the woodland including
wildlife use. Survival and establishment of planted woodland at the planting
locations will be monitored quarterly for 3 years. The monitoring surveys shall
be carried out by qualified botanist(s). Survey in each woodland planting
location will commence three months after completion of planting. Selected
individuals of each planted species will be tagged and percentage survival
computed. Supplementary planting will be recommended when necessary. Wildlife
use of the planted vegetation will be monitored.
Surveys will be conducted to monitor and
evaluate the effectiveness of the preservation and transplantation programme.
Survival and conditions of transplanted plant individuals as well as
individuals to be preserved in-situ will be monitored. For transplanted
individuals, the monitoring will be two years, and the frequency will be
monthly for the first year, and then quarterly for the second year. For the
in-situ preserved plant individuals, the monitoring will be conducted monthly
throughout the construction period. The monitoring surveys shall be carried out
by qualified botanist(s). The condition of the tree protection zone, if any,
should be regularly checked.
A monitoring programme should be included in
the management plan to evaluate the effectiveness of the management strategies.
An ecological baseline information including habitat conditions including the
swampy woodland and the conditions of the floral and faunal species of
conservation importance shall be updated prior to the operation of Sub-Areas 2
to 4. During the operation of Sub-Areas 2 to 4, regular monitoring of the
ecological conditions as well as the conditions of the species of conservation
importance shall also be monitored.
As no unacceptable adverse fisheries impacts
are anticipated during construction or operational phases, no specific
monitoring programme for fisheries is required. Regular audits should be
undertaken to ensure the effectiveness of the mitigation measures and good site
practices recommended during construction phase for further controlling the
water quality impacts.
Landscape and Visual
The EIA has recommended
landscape and visual mitigation measures to be implemented during construction
and operation phases of the Project. The EM&A is required to ensure
that the proposed mitigation measures are effectively implemented.
Baseline monitoring is
required to record the baseline conditions of the Site, in particular the
changes of each landscape resource, landscape character area and the view
conditions of each visually sensitive receiver;
The design, implementation,
maintenance and management of the landscape and visual mitigation measures
shall be checked periodically to ensure that they are fully implemented. Any
potential conflicts between the proposed landscape and visual measures and any
other project works or operational requirements shall also be recorded for the
Contractor to resolve in early stage, without compromising the intention of the
To determine whether
amendments in the design for the landscape and visual mitigation measures are
required for those changes;
To recommend any necessary
amendments to the design of the landscape and visual mitigation measures; and
The design, implementation
and maintenance of mitigation measures will be checked monthly to ensure that
they are fully implemented. Details of the programme and mitigation measures
are provided in the EM&A Manual.
All the landscape and visual
mitigation measures shall be monitored during the first year of the operation
phase to check the effectiveness of the mitigation measures. Details of the
programme are provided in the EM&A Manual.
††††††††††† ††††† Built Heritage
Grading assessment by
Antiquities Authority Board (AAB) to determine grading for Fanling Golf Course, Hong Kong Golf Club, New Item.
Detailed visual impact
assessment of proposed high-rise development in Sub-Area 1 and minor
development in Sub-Area 2 to 4 should be carried out in Detailed Design Stage
for Graded Historic Buildings, Fanling Lodge (Grade 1), Clubhouse of HKGC
(Grade 2) and Half-way House of HKGC (Grade 3).
Archaeological Impact Assessment (AIA) of works locations and associated works
in Sub-Area 1 and minor development in Sub-Area 2 to 4 should be carried out in
Investigation Stage or as early as possible (prior to detailed design stage).