Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance (Cap. 499)
Environmental Impact Assessment Study Brief No. ESB-103/2002
Project Title: Drainage Improvements in Northern New Territories – Package C
Name of Applicant: Drainage Services Department
(hereinafter known as the “Applicant”)
1.1 An application (No. ESB-103/2002) for an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Study Brief (SB) under section 5(1) of the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance (EIAO) was submitted by the Applicant on 9 May 2002 with a Project Profile (No. PP-168/2002) for the captioned project.
The purpose of the Project is to
alleviate the flooding problems and to facilitate future development in Lung
Yeuk Tau, Man U
Pin, Loi Tung and Lin Ma Hang areas by improving the secondary and local storm
water drainage systems in accordance with the recommendation of the 55CD
“Drainage Master Plan Study in the Northern New Territories” (DMP Study).
1.3 The Project comprises the construction of drainage channels and associated works to improve the secondary and local drainage systems in the Lung Yeuk Tau, Man Uk Pin, Loi Tung and Lin Ma Hang areas. The proposed location and scale of the drainage improvement works (the Project), identified to be Designated Project (DP) under the EIAO is shown in attached Figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and Table 1.1 below.
Table 1.1 Scale of Proposed Drainage Works
Proposed Drainage Channel Ref. No.
Detail of Proposed Channel
Approx. Length (m)
Average Base Width (m)
Drainage channel in Man Uk Pin area
Drainage channel in Man Uk Pin area
Drainage channel in Man Uk Pin area
Drainage channel in Man Uk Pin area
Drainage channel in Lung Yeuk Tau area
Drainage channel at Lin Ma Hang
1.4 The Project is a Designated Project under the EIAO by virtue of I.1(b) of the SCHEDULE 2, PART I of the EIAO with specific Designated Project Elements as listed below.
Drainage channels at Man Uk Pin (MUP03,
MUP04A, MUP04B, and MUP05) that discharge into an area within 300m from the
nearest boundary of an existing “Conservation Area” land use zoning [Item
I.1(b)(vii) of Schedule 2 of EIAO]
Drainage channel at Lung Yeuk Tau (LYT04)
that discharges into an area within 300m of an existing site of cultural
heritage, the Entrance Tower of Ma Wat Wai, at Ma Wat Wai, Ling Yeuk Tau [Item
I.1(b)(ii) of Schedule 2 of EIAO]
(iii) Drainage channel at Lin Ma Hang (LMH01) that discharges into an area within 300m of a site of specific scientific interest (SSSI), Lin Ma Hang Stream, at Lin Ma Hang [Item I.1(b)(i) of Schedule 2 of EIAO].
1.5 Pursuant to section 5(7)(a) of the EIAO, the Director of Environmental Protection (the Director) issues this EIA study brief to the Applicant to carry out an EIA study.
1.6 The purpose of this EIA study is to provide information on the nature and extent of environmental impacts arising from the construction and operation of the proposed Project and related activities taking place concurrently. This information will contribute to decisions by the Director on:
The overall acceptability of any adverse
environmental consequences those are likely to arise as a result of the
The conditions and requirements for the
detailed design, construction and operation of the proposed Project to mitigate
against adverse environmental consequences wherever practicable and reasonable
(iii) The acceptability of residual impacts, after the proposed mitigation measures are implemented.
2. OBJECTIVES OF THE EIA STUDY
2.1 The objectives of the EIA study are as follows:
To describe the proposed Project and
associated works together with the requirements for carrying out the proposed
(ii) To identify and
describe the elements of the community and environment likely to be affected by
the proposed Project and/or likely to cause adverse impacts to the proposed
Project, including both the natural and man-made environment
(iii) To identify and
quantify emission sources and determine the significance of impacts on
sensitive receivers and potential affected uses
(iv) To identify any
potential impacts from point and non-point pollution sources on the identified
water systems and sensitive receivers during the construction and operation
To identify and quantify any potential
losses and damage to flora, fauna and wildlife habitats
To identify and quantify, where
applicable, any potential landscape and visual impacts and determine the
significance of impacts on sensitive receivers
To identify any potential impacts to the
historical, archaeological and cultural resources and propose measures to
mitigate these impacts
(viii) To propose
the provision of infrastructure or mitigation measures so as to minimize
pollution, environmental disturbance and nuisance during construction and
operation of the proposed Project
identify, predict and evaluate the residual (i.e. after practicable mitigation)
environmental impacts and the cumulative effects expected to arise during the
construction and operation phases of the proposed Project in relation to the
sensitive receivers and potential affected uses
(x) To identify,
assess and specify methods, measures and standards, to be included in the
detailed design, construction and operation of the proposed Project, which are
necessary to mitigate these environmental impacts and reducing them to
(xi) To investigate the
extent of secondary environmental impacts that may arise from the proposed
mitigation measures and to identify constraints associated with the mitigation
measures recommended in the EIA study, as well as the provision of any
To design and specify the environmental
monitoring and audit requirements, if required, to ensure the implementation
and the effectiveness of the environmental protection and pollution control
(xiii) To consider alternative flood alleviation options with a view to avoiding or minimizing the potential environmental impacts to the SSSI at Lin Ma Hang, the “Conservation Area” zone in Man Uk Pin, the site(s) of cultural heritage and other sensitive uses, and to compare the environmental benefits and dis-benefits of each of the different option and to provide reasons for selecting the preferred option and to describe the part environmental factors played in the selection.
3. DETAILED REQUIREMENTS OF THE EIA STUDY
3.1 The Purpose
The purpose of this study brief is to scope the key issues of the EIA study. The Applicant has to demonstrate in the EIA report that the criteria in the relevant sections of the Technical Memorandum on the EIA Process of the EIAO (hereinafter referred to as the TM) are fully complied with.
3.2 The Scope
The scope of this EIA study covers the Designated Project (MUP03, MUP04A, MUP04B, MUP05, LYT04 and LMH01) as mentioned in Section 1.2 and 1.3 above. The EIA study shall address the likely key issues described below, together with any key issues identified during the course of the EIA study.
(i) Rmerit and effectiveness Project as a means to alleviate flooding in the areas in particular, the proposed drainage channels at Lin Ma Hang (LMH01) and at Loi Tung (MUP04A).
Exploration of sto include but not
limited to different solutions to alleviate the flooding in the areas and to
avoid serious environmental and ecological impacts, which could not be
satisfactorily mitigated. Examples shall include but not limited to :such as design bunds as flood
barriers design, flood pond design, and , especially for
those parts of the Project likely to result in adverse ecological impacts.
the potential noise and dust impacts
of the proposed Project to sensitive receivers during the construction phase s,
in particular at the school(s), village houses and other
residential premises located near the Designated Project Sites ;
the coastal ,
marine ecological habitat and ecosystem due to the
t he potential
aquatic and terrestrial ecological impacts arising from the construction works,
including loss of habitats, removal of vegetation and disturbance to animals.
The ecological assessment shall demonstrate that the proposed drainage works
would not cause a net loss in both wetland area and function, and any negative
residual impacts should be fully addressed and mitigated. The assessment shall
fully address all direct, indirect and cumulative impacts resulting from the
proposed project ;
sarising from the temporary storage and subsequent disposal edal.
(vi) The potential impacts arising from the soil runoff into the stream courses located in the nearby areas where the dredged/excavated soils are to be stored, leading to fish kill and permanent damage to the aquatic ecosystem.
impacts on the Site
s of Special
Scientific Interest (SSSI), “Lin Ma Hang Stream”, at Lin Ma Hang, the Conservation
Areas (CA) in Man Uk Pin, and the Site of Cultural Heritage at Ma Wat Wai, Lung
(viii) and the stream at Loi Tungnyeither Projectphases, any subsequent regular established and new
the potential landscape and visual
impacts arising from the removal of vegetation, and construction of the
drainage system. The design of the drainage system shall take into account
established and new environmental friendly design concept to mitigate the
landscape and visual impacts of the site ; and
the potential impacts of the proposed
Project on the cultural heritage sites, in particular the “Entrance Tower of Ma
Wat Wai, Lung Yeuk Tau”, that is likely to be affected by the construction
works. The design of the drainage channel shall demonstrate that impact on the
cultural heritage site be avoided or minimized.
3.3 Consideration of the Merit of the Proposed Project, Alternative Means, Avoidance of Environmental Impacts and Alternative Drainage Design
3.3.1 Consideration of the Merit of the Proposed Project for Flood Alleviation
Amerit Project as a means to alleviate flooding in the areas. In particular, the drainage channel at Loi Tung within Man Uk Pin (i.e. MUP04A) and the drainage channel at Lin Ma Hang (i.e. LMH01) need detailed research and/or evidence to eLoi Tung ()and areas or the proposed s are required, in ingmerit effectivenessProject for flood alleviation against the ecological loss and other environmental impacts.
Consideration of Alternative Means and Avoidance of Environmental Impacts
The Applicant shall critically consider alternative means to achieve flood alleviation instead of through stream training, widening, channelizing at Loi Tung and Lin Ma Hang areas in order to avoid direct ecological impacts on:
· the Lin Ma Hang stream and the stream at Loi Tung;
· the tributaries and wet lands associated with these streams; and
· the aquatic life, wildlife and habitats that depend on these streams and its associated tributaries and wetlands.
Consideration of Alternative Drainage Design
Apart from the alignments
and locations of channelization that are proposed
in the Project Profile, the Applicant shall also consider
different option designs that are ,
to include but not limited to the drainage improvementssuch as: (a) design, (b) bunds as flood barriers
design(c) flood pond design,
(d) ;alignment on channel improvements; alternative locations of
stormwater drains and their discharge points; and others.
es A comparison of the environmental benefits and dis-benefits of racticable
solutions described above shall be included. shall form one of
to be included in the drainage improvement, taking the key criteria included in the
evaluation system. and any desilting devices minimising uncontrolled
sediment discharge into the
sea shall be made.
3.3.2 Consideration of Alternative Construction Methods
Having regard to the cumulative effects for the construction of the six different drainage improvement works (MUP3, MUP04A, MUP04B, MUP05, LYT04 and LMH01) and the severity of the construction impacts to the affected sensitive receivers along the drainage channels and the stormwater drains, the EIA study shall also explore alternative construction methods for the Designated Project with a view to avoiding adverse environmental impacts as far as practicable. A comparison of the environmental benefits and dis-benefits of applying different construction methods shall be made. In comparison, the Applicant shall also take into account the cumulative environmental implications of potential flooding at downstream areas during wet seasons throughout different construction phases.
3.3.3 Based on the comparisons as described in sections 3.3.1 and 3.3.2 above, the Applicant shall recommend and justify the adoption of alignment or location options that will avoid or minimize adverse environmental effects as far as practicable.
3.4 Technical Requirements
The Applicant shall conduct the EIA study to address all environmental aspects of the activities as described in the scope as set out above and subject to the findings under section 3.3. The EIA study shall include the following technical requirements on specific impacts.
3.4.1 Construction Dust Impact
22.214.171.124 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing air quality impact as stated in section 1 of Annex 4 and Annex 12 of the TM respectively.
126.96.36.199 The assessment area for the construction dust impact assessment shall generally be defined by a distance of 500 m from the boundary of the Project work sites, yet it may be extended depending on the circumstances and the scale of the Designated Project.
188.8.131.52 The construction dust impact assessment shall include the following:
Background and analysis of activities
(i) Provide background information relating to air quality issues relevant to the Project, e.g. description of the types of activities of the Project.
(ii) Give an account, where appropriate, of the consideration/measures that had been taken into consideration in the planning of the Project to abate the air pollution impact. That is, the Applicant shall consider alternative construction methods/phasing programmes to minimize the constructional air quality impact, e.g. use of marine access routes for transportation of construction materials to avoid dust impact on air sensitive receivers due to haul road transport during construction.
(iii) Present the background air quality levels in the assessment area for the purpose of evaluating the cumulative constructional air quality impacts.
Identification of Air Sensitive Receivers (ASRs) and examination of emission/dispersion characteristics
and describe representative existing and planned/committed ASRs that would
likely be affected by the Project. The Applicant
shall select the assessment points of the identified ASRs such that they
represent the worst impact point on these ASRs. A map showing the location and a description including the
name of the buildings, their uses and height of the selected assessment points
shall be given. The separation
distances of these ASRs from the nearest emission sources
should also be given.
(v) Provide an exhaustive list of air pollutant emission sources, including any nearby emission sources, which are likely to have impact on the Project. Examples of construction stage emission sources include stock piling, blasting, concrete batching and vehicular movements on unpaved haul roads on site and so forth. Confirmation of the validity of the assumptions and the magnitude of the activities (e.g. volume of construction materials handled) shall be obtained from the relevant government/authorities and documented.
(vi) The Applicant shall follow the requirements of the Air Pollution Control (Construction Dust) Regulation in dust control to ensure construction dust impacts are controlled to within the relevant standards as stipulated in section 1 of Annex 4 of the TM. A monitoring and audit program during the construction stage shall be implemented to verify the effectiveness of the control measures and to ensure that the construction dust levels are brought under control.
(vii) If the Applicant anticipates a significant construction dust impact that will likely cause exceedance of the recommended limits in the TM at the ASRs despite incorporation of the dust control measures stated in (ii) above, a quantitative assessment shall be carried out to evaluate the construction dust impact at the identified ASRs. The Applicant shall follow the methodology below when carrying out the assessment.
Quantitative Assessment Methodology
(viii) The Applicant shall apply the general principles enunciated in the modeling guidelines (available in EPD’s webpage under “Air” Section)while making allowance for the specific characteristic of the Project. This specific methodology must be documented to such level of detail (preferably with tables and diagrams) to allow the readers of the assessment report to grasp how the model is set up to simulate the situation at hand without referring to the model input files. Details of the calculation of the emission rates of air pollutants for input to the modeling shall be presented in the report. The Applicant must ensure consistency between the text description and the model files at every stage of submission. Prior agreement of the general methodology between the Applicant and the Director is required.
(ix) The Applicant shall identify the key/representative air pollutant parameters related to construction activities (types of pollutants and the averaging time concentration) to be evaluated and provide explanation for choosing these parameters for the assessment of the impact of the Project.
The Applicant shall calculate the cumulative
air quality impact at the identified ASRs and compare these results against the
criteria set out in section 1 of Annex 4 in the TM. The predicted air quality impacts (both unmitigated and
mitigated) shall be presented in the form of summary tables and pollution
contours, for comparison with relevant air quality standards and for examination
of the land use implications of these impacts. Plans of suitable scale
should be used for
presentation of pollution contours for determining buffer distances required.
Mitigating Measures for Non-compliance
(xi) The Applicant shall propose remedies and mitigating measures, where the predicted air quality impact exceeds the criteria set in section 1 of Annex 4 in the TM. These measures and any constraints on future land use planning shall be agreed with the relevant government departments/authorities and documented. The Applicant shall demonstrate quantitatively that the resultant impacts after incorporation of proposed mitigating measures will comply with the criteria stipulated in section 1 of Annex 4 in the TM.
Submission of Model Files
(xii) All input and output file(s) of the model run(s) shall be submitted to the Director in electronic format.
3.4.2 Construction Noise Impact
184.108.40.206 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing construction noise impact as stated in Annexes 5 and 13 of the TM, respectively.
220.127.116.11 The construction noise impact assessment shall include the following:
(i) Determination of Assessment Area
The "Assessment Area" for the construction noise impact assessment shall include all areas within 300 m from the Project boundary. Subject to the agreement of the Director, the assessment area could be reduced accordingly if the first layer of noise sensitive receivers, closer than 300 m from the Project boundary, provides acoustic shielding to those receivers further from the site.
(ii) Provision of Background Information and Existing Noise Levels
The Applicant shall provide all background information relevant to the Project, including relevant previous or current studies.
(iii) Identification of Noise Sensitive Receivers
(a) The Applicant shall refer to Annex 13 of the TM when identifying the noise sensitive receivers (NSRs). The NSRs shall include all existing NSRs and all planned/committed noise sensitive developments and uses earmarked on the relevant Outline Zoning Plans, Outline Development Plans, Layout Plans and other published plans, including any land use and development applications approved by Town Planning Board. For planned noise sensitive land uses without committed layouts, the Applicant shall work out indicative site layouts based on the relevant planning parameters.
(b) The Applicant shall select assessment points to represent all identified NSRs for carrying out quantitative noise assessment described below. The assessment points shall be agreed with the Director prior to the quantitative noise assessment. A map showing the location and description such as name of building, use, and floors of each and every selected assessment point shall be given.
(iv) Provision of an Emission Inventory of the Noise Sources
The Applicant shall provide an inventory of noise sources including construction equipment for construction noise assessment. Confirmation of the validity of the inventory shall be obtained from the relevant government departments/authorities.
(v) Construction Noise Assessment
(a) The Applicant shall carry out assessment of noise impact from construction (excluding percussive piling) of the Designated Project during day time, i.e. 7 a.m. to 7 p.m., on weekdays other than general holidays in accordance with the methodology stipulated in paragraphs 5.3 and 5.4 of Annex 13 of the TM. The criteria in Table 1B of Annex 5 of the TM shall be adopted in the assessment.
(b) To minimize the construction noise impact, alternative construction methods to replace percussive piling shall be explored and recommended as far as practicable.
(c) If the unmitigated construction noise levels are found to exceed the relevant criteria, the Applicant shall propose practicable direct mitigation measures (including movable barriers, enclosures, quieter alternative methods, re-scheduling and restricting hours of operation of noisy task) to minimize the impact. If the mitigated noise levels still exceed the relevant criteria, the duration of the noise exceedance shall be given.
(d) The applicant shall confirm whether
construction work during restricted hours is required. If affirmative, the applicant shall
evaluate whether construction works in restricted hours as defined under the
Noise Control Ordinance (NCO) are feasible or not in the context of programming
construction works. Reference
shall be made to the relevant technical memoranda issued under the NCO. Regardless of the results of the
construction noise impact assessment for restricted hours, the Noise Control
Authority will process the Construction Noise Permit (CNP) application, if
necessary, based on the NCO, the relevant technical memoranda issued under the
NCO, and the contemporary conditions/situations. This aspect
should be explicitly stated in the noise chapter
and the conclusions and recommendations chapter in the EIA report.
3.4.3 Water Quality Impact
18.104.22.168 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing water pollution as stated in Annexes 6 and 14 of the TM, respectively.
22.214.171.124 The assessment area for the water quality impact assessment shall include all areas within 500m from the Project boundary of the Designated Project Sites. This study area could be extended to include other areas such as stream courses and the associated water system, including the coastal water of Deep Bay, where the water from the Project will eventually discharge into, being impacted during the course of the EIA study if found justifiable.
126.96.36.199 The Applicant shall identify and analyse all physical, chemical and biological disruptions of marine, fresh water or ground water system(s), catchment area(s), stormwater channel and coastal water arising from the construction and operation of the Designated Project.
188.8.131.52 The Applicant shall include (1) the construction phase impacts on water quality at the site; and (2) the operational phase impacts on water quality at downstream of the site due to the natural process of siltation, flows and water velocity, and re-suspensions of sediments. Essentially, the assessment shall address the following:
(i) Collection and review of background information on the existing and planned water systems and their respective catchments and sensitive receivers which might be affected by the Project during construction and operation.
(ii) Characterization of water and sediment quality of the water systems and respective catchments and sensitive receivers which might be affected by the Project during construction and operation based on existing information or appropriate site survey and tests.
(iii) Identification and analysis of all existing and planned future activities and beneficial uses related to the water system(s) and identification of all water sensitive receivers. The Applicant shall refer to, inter alia, those developments and uses earmarked on the relevant Outline Zoning Plans, Outline Development Plans and Layout Plans.
(iv) Identification of pertinent water and sediment quality objectives and establishment of other appropriate water and sediment quality criteria or standards for the water system(s) and all the sensitive receivers in (i) above.
(v) Review the specific construction methods and configurations, and operation of the Project. Identification of any alteration of existing watercourses, natural streams/ponds, shoreline or bathymetry, flow regimes, ground water levels and catchment types or areas.
(vi) Identification, analysis and quantification of all existing, likely future water and sediment pollution sources, including point discharges and non-point sources to surface water runoff and analyze these in relation to the provision and adequacy of future facilities to reduce such pollution in terms of capacity and levels of treatment; evaluation and quantification through appropriate site investigation and tests to the pollution loading intercepted by the Project and discharged into the Shenzhen River and Inner Deep Bay; evaluation and quantification of the flows and pollution loads collected and discharged into the existing and planned downstream water courses and drainage systems before and after operation of the Project.
(vii) Establishment and provision of a pollution load inventory on the quantities and characteristics of all existing and likely future water pollution sources identified above. Field investigation and laboratory tests shall be conducted as appropriate to fill in any major information gaps.
(viii) Cumulative impacts due to all other committed and planned projects, activities or pollution sources within a boundary of 300m from both sides along the identified water system(s) and sensitive receivers shall be identified and assessed through undertaking a hydraulic modelling.
(ix) Assessment and evaluation of any potential water quality impacts on the identified water system(s), respective catchments and sensitive receivers due to sewage arising from the construction stage. Any effluent generated will require appropriate collection, treatment and disposal to within standards and objectives and criteria established in (iv) above.
(x) Assessment and evaluation of any potential stormwater and construction runoff impacts on the water system(s), respective catchments and sensitive receivers during construction stages as to reduce the water and sediment quality impacts to within standards, objectives and criteria established in (iv) above. Best management practices shall be recommended to reduce any potential impacts arising from stormwater runoff during both construction and operation phases.
(xi) Establishment of the erosion control plan during construction as per assessment carried out in point (x) above. This erosion control plan shall incorporate details such as locations, sizes and types of best management practices, which will be used to reduce stormwater pollution arising from construction works.
In case of small scale dredging
works and with the prior written approval by the Director, the Applicant shall
assess the potential increase in turbidity and suspended solids levels in the
water column due to disturbance of marine sediments during dredging. The
potential for release of contaminants during dredging shall also be addressed
using the chemical testing results derived from sediment samples collected on
site and relevant historic data. In
case of large scale dredging works, the Applicant in addition to the above
assessment shall conduct a full scale mathematical modelling which include
simulating situation during various construction phases and upon completion of
dredging, assessing both the local and global effects on flow regime, erosion
and sediment pattern and water quality due to the interim and ultimate
alteration of shoreline and bathymetry as a result of dredging marine sediment.
The modelling assessment shall take into account the additional pollution loading
and oxygen demand exerted by sediment disturbed and any fill materials. The
mathematical modelling requirements are set out in Annex I attached to this
(xiii) The Applicant shall identify whether the discharge of runoff into the Shenzhen River and Inner Deep Bay during the operational phase will give rise to adverse impacts on water quality in accordance with the TM. The Applicant shall evaluate any water quality impacts, including changes in sediment erosion or deposition pattern, downstream salinity profile and effect on aquatic organisms. This assessment shall have regard for the frequency, duration, volume and flow rate of the discharge and its pollutant and sediment load.
(xiv) The Applicant shall assess the effect of the blackish tidal influence from Inner Deep Bay/Shenzhen River, propose mitigation measures such as tidal barriers/flow management devices and evaluate the environmental benefits/dis-benefits of mitigation measures.
Waste Water and Non-point Sources Pollution
(xv) Proposals for effective and practicable infrastructure upgrading or provision, water pollution prevention and mitigation measures to be implemented during the construction and operational stages to reduce the water quality impacts to within acceptable levels of standards. Requirements to be incorporated in the Project contract document shall also be proposed.
(xvi) Evaluation and quantification of residual impacts on the water system(s) and the sensitive receivers with regard to the appropriate water quality criteria, standards or guidelines.
Protection Against Accidental Spillage
(xvii) Specification of an emergency contingency plan for the construction and operation phase of the proposed Project to contain and remove all accidental spillage along the channel maintenance road(s)/haul road(s) at short notice and to prevent or to minimize the quantities of contaminants from the stream water and sensitive habitats.
3.4.4 Waste Management Implications
184.108.40.206 The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing waste management implications as stated in Annexes 7 and 15 of the TM, respectively.
220.127.116.11 The assessment of waste management implications shall cover the following:
(i) Analysis of Activities and Waste Generation
Identification of the quantity, quality and timing of the waste arising as a result of the construction and operation activities, based on the sequence and duration of these activities.
(ii) Should dredging be required,
the Applicant shall evaluate and quantify the possible impacts arising from the
dredging works. The Applicant shall identify clearly the nature, extent and
rate of the dredging works, and the volume of sediment disturbed. Appropriate
laboratory tests such as elutriate tests (USACE) and sediment pore water
(interstitial water) analyses shall be performed on the sediment samples to
simulate and quantify the degree of mobilization of various contaminants such
as metals, ammonia, trace organic contaminants and chlorinated pesticides into
the water column during dredging.
and quantification of all dredging, fill extraction, filling, mud/sediment
transportation and disposal activities and requirements. Potential fill source and dumping
ground to be involved shall also be identified. Field investigation, sampling and chemical and biological
laboratory tests to characterize the sediment/mud concerned shall be conducted
as appropriate. The ranges of
parameters to be analyzed; the number, type and methods of sampling; sample
preservation; chemical and biological laboratory test method; and the
laboratory to be used shall be subject to the approval of the Director. Any seriously contaminated sediment
which requires special treatment and/or disposal arrangement in accordance with
WBTC No.3/2000 shall be identified by both chemical and biological tests. If the presence of such sediment is
confirmed, the Applicant shall identify the most appropriate treatment and/or
disposal arrangement and demonstrate its feasibility.
Identification and evaluation of the best practicable dredging methods to minimize dredging and dumping requirements and demand for fill sources based on the criterion that existing marine mud shall be left in place and not to be disturbed as far as possible.
(ii) Proposal for Waste Management
(a) Prior to considering the disposal options for various types of wastes, opportunities for reducing waste generation and on-site or off-site re-use shall be fully evaluated. Measures, which can be taken in the planning and design stages e.g. by modifying the design approach and in the construction stage for maximizing waste reduction shall be separately considered.
(b) After considering all the opportunities for reducing waste generation and maximizing re-use, the types and quantities of the wastes, required to be disposed of as a consequence shall be estimated and the disposal options for each type of waste shall be described in detail. Pre-treatment processes for slurry before disposal shall be addressed in details. The disposal method recommended for each type of waste shall take into account the result of the assessment in (c) below.
(c) The impact caused by handling (including labeling, packaging & storage), collection, and disposal of wastes shall be addressed in detail and appropriate mitigation measures proposed. This assessment shall cover the following aspects:
- potential hazard;
- air and odour emissions;
- noise emission;
- wastewater discharge (including but not limited to the run off of pollutant from the storage of extract/fills materials under heavy rain); and
- public transport.
(iii) Land Contamination Assessment:
If land lots/sites
within the study area boundary, due to their past or present land uses, are assessed
to be potentially contaminated, a detailed account of the present activities
and past land history in relation to possible land contamination
should be provided.
The list of potential
contaminants which are anticipated to be found in these potential contaminated
should be provided and
the possible remediation options should be discussed.
3.4.5. Ecological Impact (Both Terrestrial and Aquatic) Assessment [Except LYT04]
18.104.22.168. The Applicant shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing ecological impacts as stated in Annexes 8 and 16 of the TM, respectively. The assessment area for the purpose of terrestrial ecological assessment shall include all areas within 500m distance, from the site boundary of the proposed works areas, and the area likely to be impacted by the drainage channels at Lin Ma Hang (LMH01) and Loi Tung, Man Uk Ping (MUP03, MUP04A, MUP04B, MUP05). For aquatic ecology, the assessment area shall be the same as for water quality assessment described in Section 22.214.171.124.
126.96.36.199. In the ecological impact assessment, the Applicant shall examine the flora, fauna and other components of the ecological habitats within the assessment area. The aim shall be to avoid direct and indirect impact, protect, maintain or rehabilitate the natural environment. The assessment shall identify and quantify as far as possible the potential ecological impacts associated with the Project, including the impacts of any haul roads and temporary access. The potential impact on water quality and aquatic ecology from the discharge of stormwater into the Shenzhen River and Inner Deep Bay waters during the operational phase, shall also be addressed.
188.8.131.52. The assessment shall include the following:
(i) A review of the findings of relevant studies and collating all the available information regarding the ecological characters of the assessment area.
(ii) Evaluation of the information collected and identification of any information gap relating to the assessment of potential ecological impacts to the terrestrial and aquatic environment.
(iii) Carrying out the necessary field surveys [the duration of which shall be at least 12 months (our seasons) and shall cover the wet and dry seasons] and investigations to verify the information collected, fill the information gaps identified and fulfil the objectives of the EIA study.
(iv) Establishing the general ecological profile and describing the characteristics of each habitat found; major information to be provided shall include:
(a) Description of the physical environment.
(b) Preparation of habitat maps of suitable scale (1:1000 to 1:5000) showing the types and locations of habitats in the assessment area.
(c) Definition and characterization of the ecological characteristics of each habitat type including size, vegetation type, species present, dominant species found, species diversity and abundance, community structure, seasonality and inter-dependence of the habitats and species, and presence of any features of ecological importance.
(d) Presentation of representative colour photos of each habitat type and of any important ecological features identified.
(e) Listing of species found that are rare, endangered and/or listed under local legislation, international conventions for conservation of wildlife/habitats or red data books.
(v) Investigation and description of the existing wildlife uses of relevant habitats with special attention to those wildlife groups and habitats of conservation interest; including country parks, special areas, sites of special scientific interest, mangrove stands, wetlands, natural stream courses, rivers, woodlands and shrublands; vertebrates, macroinvertebrates, and any other habitats and wildlife groups identified as having special conservation interests by this EIA study.
(vi) Description of all recognized sites of conservation importance in the proposed development site and its vicinity and assessment of whether these sites will be affected by the proposed development or not.
suitable methodology, identification and quantification as far as possible of
any direct, indirect, on-site, off-site, primary, secondary and cumulative
ecological impacts such as destruction of habitats, reduction of species abundance/diversity, loss of feeding grounds,
reduction of ecological carrying capacity, habitat fragmentation; and in
particular the following:
(a) The habitat loss and disturbance to wildlife during the construction stage, for example the assessment shall assess ((the noise impacts of the proposed construction works on waterfowl in the area.
operation al impacts on aquatic life
and other wildlife through periodic
storm discharges at the portalO. ;
(viii) Evaluation of the significance and acceptability of the ecological impacts identified using well-defined criteria.
(ix) Recommendations for all possible alternatives, such as modifications of route alignment, layout and design and practicable mitigation measures to avoid, minimize and/or compensate for the adverse ecological impacts identified, such as reinstatement of habitats temporarily affected by the proposed development to its original state and if possible with some enhancement features.
(x) Evaluation of the feasibility and effectiveness of the recommended mitigation measures and definition of the scope, type, location, implementation arrangement, resources requirement, subsequent management and maintenance of such measures.
(xi) Determination and quantification as far as possible of the residual ecological impacts after implementation of the proposed mitigation measures;
(xii) Evaluation the severity and acceptability of the residual ecological impacts using well-defined criteria.
(xiii) A review of the need for and recommendation for any ecological monitoring programme required.
3.4.6 Landscape and Visual Impact
The Applicant shall
follow the criteria and guidelines as stated in Annexes 10
and for evaluating and assessing
landscape arid visual impacts of any above ground structures and
work areas associated with the proposed project . Landscape and
visual impacts during both construction and operation phases within the Study
Area shall be assessed.
184.108.40.206 The assessment area for landscape impact assessment shall include all areas within a 500m distance from the Project while the assessment area for the visual impact assessment shall be defined by the visual envelope of the Project.
relevant outline development plan(s), outline zoning plan(s), layout plan(s) or
planning briefs and studies which may identify areas of high landscape value
and recommend green belt and conservation area designations. The aim is to gain
an insight to the future outlook of the area affected so as to assess whether
the Project can fit into the surrounding setting. Any conflict with statutory
should be highlighted and appropriate
follow-up action should be recommended.
The Applicant shall describe, appraise, analyze and evaluate the
existing landscape resources and character of the assessment area. A system
should be derived for
judging landscape and visual impact significance as required under the TM. The
sensitivity of the landscape framework and its ability to accommodate change
shall be particularly focused on. The Applicant shall identify the degree of
compatibility of the Project with the existing and planned landscape setting.
The landscape impact assessment shall quantify the potential landscape impact
as far as possible so as to illustrate the significance of such impacts arising
from the proposed development. Clear mapping of the landscape impact is
required. A tree survey shall be carried out and the impacts on existing mature
trees shall be addressed.
220.127.116.11 The Applicant shall assess the visual impacts of the proposed Project. Clear illustration including mapping of visual impact is required. The assessment shall include the following:
(i) Identification and plotting of visual envelope of the proposed Project within the assessment area.
(ii) Identification of the key groups of sensitive receivers within the visual envelope with regard to views from both ground level and elevated vantage points.
(iii) Description of the visual compatibility of the proposed Project such as channel wall, possible inflatable dam and associated pumping station with the surrounding and the planned setting, and its obstruction arid interference with key views of the adjacent areas.
(iv) The severity of visual impacts in terms of distance, nature and number of sensitive receivers shall be identified. The visual impacts of the proposed Project with and without mitigation measures shall be included so as to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed mitigation measures.
The Applicant shall evaluate the merits of
preservation in totality, in parts of total destruction of existing landscape.
In addition, alternative alignment design and construction method that would
avoid or reduce the landscape and visual impact shall be evaluated for
comparison before adopting other mitigation or compensatory measures to alleviate
the impacts. The mitigation measures proposed shall not only be concerned with
damage reduction but
should also include consideration of potential
enhancement of existing landscape. The Applicant shall recommend mitigation
measures to minimize the adverse effects identified above, including provision
of a landscape design.
18.104.22.168 The mitigation measures shall also include the preservation of vegetation, transplanting of mature trees, provision of screen planting, re-vegetation of disturbed lands, compensatory planting, design of structure, provision of finishes to structure, colour scheme and texture of material used and any measures to mitigate the disturbance of the existing land use. Parties shall be identified for the on going management and maintenance of the proposed mitigation works to ensure their effectiveness throughout the operation phase of the Project. A practical programme and funding proposal for the implementation of the recommended measures shall be provided.
22.214.171.124 Colour perspective drawing, plans and section/elevation diagrams, annotated oblique aerial photographs, photographs taken at vantage points, and computer-generated photomontage shall be adopted to illustrate the landscape and visual impacts of the proposed Project to the satisfaction of the Director. The Applicant shall record the technical details in preparing the illustration, which may need to be submitted for verification of the accuracy of the illustration.
on Cultural Heritage
(For Designated Project LYT04 only)
The Applicant shall
carry out cultural heritage impact assessment of the
designated pProject s,
in particular at the drainage channel (LYT04), LYT04 . Th e Applicant
shall follow the criteria and guidelines for evaluating and assessing the
cultural heritage impacts as stated in Annex es 10 and 19 of the TM ,
126.96.36.199 The heritage impact assessment information shall include the following:
(i) The Applicant shall identify all sites of cultural heritage that might be adversely affected by the impacts due to vibration associated with the construction activities of the designated projects. The EIA study shall establish a comprehensive inventory of archaeological sites, historic buildings and structures located within or in close proximity to the designated project area, that might have the potential to be affected. A plan showing the location of both the proposed works and all sites of cultural heritage identified is required. Besides, a check list including all the affected sites of cultural heritage, impacts identified, recommended mitigation measures as well as the implementation agent and period shall also be included in the EIA report.
(ii) The Applicant shall assess the extent to which those sites of cultural heritage might be directly and indirectly affected and recommend possible alternatives (such as modification of layout and design of the project) and practicable monitoring and mitigation measures to avoid or keep the adverse impacts on the site of cultural heritage to the minimum.
(iii) Special attention shall be paid to the sites of cultural heritage in the vicinity of the Project including the following monument.
l The Entrance Tower of Ma Wat Wai at Lung Yeuk Tau.
(iv) A map in 1:1000 scale indicating the boundary of the identified built heritage and declared monuments together with the nearby work areas in proper scale shall be made.
In the event
that supplementary studies are needed and are agreed by the Director, the
Applicant can draw necessary reference to Annex II on the “Criteria for
Cultural Heritage Impact Assessment” and “Requirements of Built Heritage Impact
4. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING & AUDIT (EM&A) REQUIREMENTS
4.1 The Applicant shall identify in the EIA study whether there is any need for EM&A activities during the construction and operation phases of the Project and, if affirmative, to define the scope of the EM&A requirements for the Project in the EIA study.
4.2 Subject to the confirmation of the EIA study findings, the Applicant shall comply with the requirements as stipulated in Annex 21 of the TM. The Applicant shall also propose real-time reporting of monitoring data for the Project through a dedicated internet website.
4.3 The Applicant shall prepare a project implementation schedule (in the form of a checklist) containing all the EIA study recommendations and mitigation measures with reference to the implementation programme.
5. SUMMARY OF ENVIRONMENTAL OUTCOMES
5.1 The EIA report shall contain a summary of the key environmental outcomes arising from the EIA study, including the population and environmentally sensitive areas protected, environmentally friendly designs recommended, key environmental problems avoided, and environmental benefits of environmental protection measures recommended.
6. DURATION OF VALIDITY
6.1 This EIA study brief is valid for 36 months after the date of issue. If the EIA study does not commence within this period, the Applicant shall apply to the Director for a fresh EIA study brief before commencement of the EIA study.
7. REPORT REQUIREMENTS
7.1 In preparing the EIA report, the Applicant shall refer to Annex 11 of the TM for the contents of an EIA report. The Applicant shall also refer to Annex 20 of the TM, which stipulates the guidelines for the review of an EIA report.
7.2 The Applicant shall supply the Director with the following number of copies of the EIA report and the executive summary:
ies of the EIA report in English and Chinese and 80 cop ies of the
executive summary ( each bilingual in both English and
Chinese) as required under section 6(2) of the EIAO to be supplied at the time
of application for approval of the EIA report.
(ii) When necessary, any addendum to the EIA report and the executive summary submitted in (i) above as required under section 7(1) of the EIAO, to be supplied upon advice by the Director for public inspection.
copies of the EIA
report in English
and Chinese and 50
copies of the executive summary ( each bilingual in both English and
Chinese) with or without Addendum as required under section 7(5) of the EIAO,
to be supplied upon advice by the Director for consultation with the Advisory
Council on the Environment.
7.3 The Applicant shall, upon request, make additional copies of the above documents available to the public, subject to payment by the interested parties of full costs of printing.
7.4 In addition, to facilitate the public inspection of the EIA Report via the EIAO Internet Website, the Applicant shall provide electronic copies of both the EIA Report and the Executive Summary Report prepared in Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) (version 4.0 or later) and in Portable Document Format (PDF) version 4.0 or later), unless otherwise agreed by the Director. For the HTML version, a content page capable of providing hyperlinks to each section and sub-section of the EIA Report and the Executive Summary Report shall be included in the beginning of the document. Hyperlinks to all figures, drawings and tables in the EIA Report and Executive Summary shall be provided in the main text from where the respective references are made. All graphics in the report shall be in interlaced GIF format unless otherwise agreed by the Director.
7.5 The electronic copies of the EIA report and the Executive Summary shall be submitted to the Director at the time of application for approval of the EIA Report.
7.6 When the EIA Report and the Executive Summary are made available for public inspection under section 7(1) of the EIAO, the content of the electronic copies of the EIA Report and the Executive Summary must be the same as the hard copies and the Director shall be provided with the most up to date electronic copies.
7.7 To promote environmentally friendly and efficient dissemination of information, both hard copies and electronic copies of future EM&A reports recommended by the EIA study shall be required and their format shall be agreed by the Director.
8. OTHER PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS
8.1 If there is any change in the name of the Applicant for this EIA study brief, the Applicant mentioned in this study brief must notify the Director immediately.
8.2 If there is any key change in the scope of the project mentioned in section 1.2 and 1.3 of this EIA study brief and in the Project Profile (No. PP-168/2002), the Applicant must seek confirmation from the Director in writing on whether or not the scope of issues covered by this EIA study brief can still cover the key changes, and the additional issues, if any, that the EIA study must also address. If the changes to the project fundamentally alter the key scope of the EIA study brief, the Applicant shall apply to the Director for a fresh EIA study brief.
Environmental Assessment and Noise Division
Environmental Protection Department
Annex I Water Quality Modelling
Requirements 1. The modelling software shall be fully 3-dimensional
capable of accurately simulating the stratified condition, salinity transport,
and effect of wind and tide within the model area. 2. The modelling software shall consist of hydrodynamic and
particle dispersion modules.
The hydrodynamic module shall have been proven with successful applications
locally and overseas.
Annex 1 | Figure 1 | Figure 2 | Figure 3 | Figure 4