Sectoral Analysis for Non-combustion Sources
Non-combustion sources sector contributes considerably to local VOC emissions, accounting for 58% in 2016, whereas its contributions to local RSP and FSP emissions in 2016 were 20% and 14%, respectively. Overall, the emissions of the sector decreased by 44% to 73% from 1997 to 2016, despite the growth of Gross Domestic Product by 81%.
The use of paints, printing inks and associated solvents, consumer products, adhesive and sealants continued to be the major contributing sources, accounting for 88% of non-combustion sources VOC emissions in 2016. As compared with 2007, the VOC emissions from non-combustion sources decreased by 46% in 2016, as a result of the VOC control programme under the Air Pollution Control (Volatile Organic Compounds) Regulation since 2007.
The Regulation prohibits the import and local manufacture of regulated products with VOC contents exceeding the legal limits and controls emissions from lithographic heatset web printing machines. The regulated products include 6 categories of consumer products, 51 types of architectural paints, 7 types of printing inks, 14 types of vehicle refinishing paints, 36 types of vessel and pleasure craft paints and 47 types of adhesives and sealants. The Regulation has been extended to cover fountain solutions and printing machine cleaning agents starting from 2018.