Hong Kong’s Strategy on Promoting the Use of Electric Vehicles
Electric vehicles (EV) have no tailpipe emissions. Replacing conventional vehicles with EV can help improve roadside air quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. A wider use of EV also contributes to the development of environmental industries.
The Financial Secretary of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) Government chairs a Steering Committee on the Promotion of EV with members drawn from various sectors to recommend a strategy complementary with specific measures to promote the use of electric vehicles in Hong Kong, having regard to the resulting energy efficiency, environmental benefits and the creation of business opportunities.
The Government has been promoting the use of EV by the following key measures –
(i) The First Registration Tax on EV has been waived until 31 March 2017;
(ii) Enterprises that procured environmentally friendly vehicles, including EV, are allowed full profits tax deduction for the capital expenditure in the first year of procurement;
(iii) A $300 million Pilot Green Transport Fund was set up in March 2011 to subsidise the public transport sector (including goods vehicle operators) and non-profit organisations to test out green innovative transport technologies, including EV and other new energy vehicles;
(iv) Since April 2011, through granting concessions on gross floor area for car parks in new buildings if they are “EV charging-enabling”, developers are encouraged to put in place the necessary EV charging infrastructure in the car parks of new buildings, including provision of sufficient power supply and electrical wiring, to facilitate future installation of chargers for EV users;
(v) In June 2011, planning guidelines for new buildings were amended to recommend 30% of private car parking spaces to be installed with EV chargers;
(vi) The EPD has established a dedicated team and a hotline (Tel.: 3757 6222) to provide relevant information and technical support to interested parties in setting up chargers, and has issued guidelines on the arrangements and technical requirements in setting up chargers; and
(vii) The Government takes the lead in using EV; and
(viii) The Government has fully subsidized the franchised bus companies to purchase 36 single-deck electric buses (including 28 battery-electric buses and 8 supercapacitor buses) and related charging facilities for trial on a number of routes to assess their operational effectiveness and performance under local conditions.