5.4 Hong Kong Waste Recycling Statistics
 
Waste reduction and recycling are very important elements of the local waste management framework. They help both to conserve natural resources and to reduce demand for valuable landfill space.

Through the existing informal or voluntary waste recovery system, about 1.94 million tonnes of municipal solid waste was recovered in Hong Kong in 2001. Of that total, 9% was recycled locally and 91% was exported to the Mainland and other countries for recycling, with an export earning of more than HK$2.6 billion for Hong Kong.

The Environmental Protection Department encourages waste reduction and recycling activities. Since 1991 it has provided a helpline service (2755 2750) to help the public organise voluntary waste reduction and recycling programmes. It also provides information on recyclers and technical advice on waste recovery and recycling.

Lack of space for recycling has been a complaint in the past. Since the Waste Reduction Framework Plan was launched in 1998, eight lots were allocated to recyclers of waste paper, metal, plastics and rubber tyres under short term tenancy arrangement.
 
 
The results of waste reduction and recycling efforts are summarised below :
Summary of Short Term Tenancy Sites Leased to Waste Recycling Trade (as at 31/12/2001)
 
Site
Size of Tenancy
Tenant
Commencement of Tenant
Term
Annual Rent Collected
(HK$/year)
Unit Rent Monthly
(HK$/
m2/
year)
Major Recyclables Collected
Average Monthly Throughput
1 Sheung Shui Area 30A
16 000m2
Cheung Shing Scrap Metals Recycling Ltd.
September 1998
3 years certain and thereafter quarterly
642,000
40
Metals
2 800 tonnes
2 Kai Tak Main Fire Station
15 100m2
Hong Kong General Assoc. of Recycling Business
June 1999
3 years certain and thereafter quarterly
10,000

0.66

Paper,metals
Paper: 7 000 tonnes Metals: 1 200 tonnes
3 Kai Tak Old Fire Station
3 900m2
Wai Hung Metal Co.
June 1999
1 year certain and thereafter quarterly
864,000
220
Paper,metals
Paper: 50 tonnes Metals: 140 tonnes
4 Dai Kwai Street, Tai Po Industrial Estate
4 980m2
Jets Technics Ltd.
January 2000
3 years certain and thereafter quarterly

51,000

10
Tyre
crumbs,
plastics
Tyre crumbs:
200 tonnes
Plastics: 100 tonnes
5 Chong Fu Road, Chai Wan
2 530m2
Future's Safe Company Ltd.
May 2000
1 year certain and thereafter quarterly
600,000
240
Paper
1 300 tonnes
6 Yan Yue Wai, Yau Tong
2 100m2
Xun Xiang Metalware Co. Ltd.
June 2000
3 years certain
and thereafter quarterly
364,000
170
Metals
3 600 tonnes
7 Chi Wa Lane, Sheung Shui
6 770m2
Yuen Hing
Godown Co. Ltd.
July 2000
2 years certain and thereafter quarterly
132,000
20
Paper,metals
Paper: 500 tonnes
Metals: 1 200 tonnes
8 Cheung Kwai Road, Cheung Chau
340m2
Sun Hop Kee Waste Paper Metal Co.
July 2001
7 years certain
30,000
88
Paper,metals
Paper: Operation starting up
Metals: Operation starting up
 
 
 
Recovery Rates of Common Recyclable Materials (in percentage)
 
Place Year Paper Plastics Metals Glass
Hong Kong

Australia


Japan


USA

Germany


UK
2001

1995


2000


1999

1999


1998
58%

51% (1998 figures)


58%


42%

169%


38%
38%

30% (PET bottles)
42% (HDPE bottles)

14% (1999 figures)


6%

108%


3%
89%

65% (Al can)
23% (others)

75% (1998 figures)


35%

105% (finplate)
87% (AI)

43% (AI can)
35% (ferrous scrap)
3%

42%


78%
(glass bottles)

23%

88%


22%
These figures are the recycling quotas achieved by the Dual System. It should be noted that only some of the packaging is licensed and consumers also place packaging not marked with the Green Dot in Dual System collection containers. This is particularly evident in the case of paper/cardboard and plastics. As such, the claimed figure cannot reflect the actual recycling rate of the licensed packaging waste.
 
 
 
 
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