Highlights  

A Policy Framework for the Management
of Municipal Solid Waste (2005-2014)

3 kindergarten children holding up waste seggregation publicity banners

This Policy Framework proposes simple, yet effective, economic tools based on the "polluter-pays" principle that would create incentives for us all to recycle more and discard less.

We sincerely invite you all to support the initiatives and milestones set out in the
Policy Framework.

 

 

THE PROBLEM

  • In 2004, we produced over 5.7 million tonnes of municipal solid waste (MSW). At present, we rely solely on our landfills to meet our waste disposal need.
  • At the current rate that we generate solid waste, our landfills will be full in 6 to 10 years. We would have to identify about 400 hectares of land (ten times the area reserved for the West Kowloon Cultural District) for new landfills to serve Hong Kong up to 2030.

     

Relying solely on landfills for waste disposal is clearly not sustainable.

 

 

SETTING THE DIRECTION - A POLICY FRAMEWORK

The Policy Framework sets out a comprehensive strategy for MSW management in Hong Kong for the ten years from 2005 to 2014.

 

Framework for Action

Diagram of The Waste Hierarchy Model

Text Alternative for Diagram of The Waste Hierarchy Model

 

 

THE WASTE MANAGEMENT STRATEGY

We aim to achieve the following targets -

Three archery target diagrams to represent three targets to be achieved

Text Alternative for Three archery target diagrams to represent three targets to be achieved

 

THE POLICY TOOLS AND SUPPORT MEASURES

Diagram of Well sign-posted, Hong Kong's MSW Strategy

The right tools and measures for the right job
Text Alternative for Diagram of Well sign-posted, Hong Kong's MSW Strategy



Discard Less, Pay Less

Waste charging is the most effective tool to change people's behaviour.



Source Separation

To increase the overall MSW recovery rate from 40% in 2004 to 45% by 2009 and 50% by 2014.

  • 80% of the local population to take part in the source separation programme by 2010.
  • All public rental housing estates to take part in the programme by 2012.

 

Title of the photograph : Everymember of the community can contribute to source separation of waste.  In the photographs three citizens took photographs at the source separation publicity board.
Every member of the community can contribute to source separation of waste

 

 

Supporting the Recycling Industry

Recovered materials have to be recycled and find outlets. There is a need to support the development of the recycling industry locally and establish a circular economy.

  • Commission Phase I of the EcoPark for occupation by the end of 2006 for recycling of locally produced waste.
  • Introduce Product Eco-responsibility Bill into the Legislative Council to provide a framework for producer responsibility schemes (PRSs).
  • To introduce legislation on product-specific measures for electrical and electronic equipment, vehicle tyres and plastic shopping bags.
  • Impose landfill disposal bans to tie in with PRSs.

 

PRS helps to enhance the reuse and recycling of products such as electrical equipment

 

Bulk Reduction and Final Disposal

The unavoidable MSW requires further treatment to reduce its volume.

  • Commission the multi-technology Integrated Waste Management Facilities (IWMF) in mid 2010s.
  • Commission extensions to the three existing landfills in the early to mid 2010s to provide the final repository for the waste which cannot be recycled or treated, or for the residues after treatment at the IWMF.

 

Public Education and Partnership

Environmental education is the key driver to waste avoidance and minimisation.

Reaching out to the local community to encourage the public to participate in waste reduction.

Outreach programmes to promote community participation

Text Alternative of the photograph Reaching out to the local community to encourage the public to participate in waste reduction.

 

 

THE WAY FORWARD

The solutions to our growing waste problems are in our own hands. Please join hands to achieve these waste management targets.

The Policy Framework can be downloaded at the website : www.epd.gov.hk/epd/msw/

Limited numbers of hardcopies or CD-roms can be obtained at the District Offices and EPD's offices.

How to reach us -

Email
: msw@epd.gov.hk
Fax : 2838 2155
Post : Waste Management Policy Division,
Environmental Protection Department,
46/F, Revenue Tower, 5 Gloucester Road,
Wanchai, Hong Kong.

 

 

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