Problems & Solutions

Current Status

At present, most of Hong Kong’s food waste is disposed of at landfills together with other municipal solid waste. In 2019, there were some 11,057 tonnes of MSW disposed of at landfills each day. Of these, about 3,353 tonnes (30%) were food waste, constituting the largest MSW category being landfilled. Among the food waste disposed of daily, some 1,067 tonnes were generated from commercial and industrial (C&I) sources such as restaurants, hotels, wet markets, food production and processing industries. In recent years, the amount of food waste arising from the C&I sector has increased from about 800 tonnes per day in 2012 to over 1,000 tonnes per day in 2019.


The current practice of disposing of biodegradable food waste at landfills is not sustainable and is environmentally undesirable as it depletes the limited landfill space, creates odour nuisance, generates leachate and landfill gases that require further mitigation measures to deal with, and squanders the useful organic contents.

Food Waste Management Strategy

To tackle the challenge of food waste in Hong Kong, the Government issued "A Food Waste and Yard Waste Plan for Hong Kong 2014-2022'' (''Food Waste Plan'') and ''Waste Blueprint for Hong Kong 2035'' (''Blueprint'') to map out the strategies for food waste management.

Strategies for Food Waste Management

Waste Reduction at Source

The most important step in reducing food waste is to avoid creating it in the first place. Food Wise Hong Kong Campaign promotes a food wise and waste less culture through various schemes and activities, e.g. Food Wise Charter, Food Wise Eateries Scheme, publicity of the Big Waster, etc.

Food Donation

The Campaign also promotes food donation from those commercial establishments with surplus food to charitable organisations. Through the Environment and Conservation Fund (ECF), the EPD has been supporting non-governmental organisations in running food recovery projects, under which surplus food is collected from the commercial sector and donated to the needy to achieve the goal of caring for society and reducing food waste.

Recyclable Collection

Community Waste Reduction Projects

Inevitable food waste should be source-separated and recycled to gainful resources. Under the Community Waste Reduction Projects of the ECF, the Government supports non-profit distributing organizations to carry out food waste recycling projects.

Community waste reduction projects (food waste composting)

Expanding Food Waste Collection and Recycling Service

The first phase of the pilot scheme on food waste collection commenced in July 2018, covering 70 public venues, some schools and about 120 private institutions. The food waste collected under the scheme is transformed into energy, and compost as a by-product at O·PARK1 every day. We plan to roll out the second phase of the pilot scheme on food waste collection in 2021 on a larger scale, which includes collection of domestic food waste progressively.

Domestic Food Waste

Food Waste from C&I Sector


To achieve the target of “Zero Landfill”, the Government will continue to develop the O·PARKs and optimize the use of sewage treatment works for carrying out food waste/sewage sludge anaerobic co-digestion to enhance the overall food waste treatment capability in Hong Kong.

For the details of O·PARK1, please visit



For details of Food Waste/Sewage Sludge Anaerobic Co-digestion Trial Scheme, please visit


For the details of O·PARK2, please visit

Environment and Conservation Fund

Environment and Conservation Fund provides funding support to educational, research, and other projects and activities in relation to environmental and conservation matters. Local non-profit making organisations (e.g. universities, community bodies, schools) are welcome to apply and the projects have to be non-profit-making in nature.

Recycling Fund

Recycling Fund provides funding support for individual Hong Kong enterprises to upgrade and expand their waste recycling operations in Hong Kong, and non-profit distributing organisations in assisting the local recycling industry in enhancing their operational standards and productivity.


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